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Archive for September, 2010

John Flavel provides an example of how God’s providence might ordain suffering as a means of preserving his people from sin and temptation.

Basil was sorely grieved with an inveterate headache; he earnestly prayed it might be removed; God removed it. No sooner was he freed of this clog, but he felt the inordinate motions of lust, which made him pray for his headache again.

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A set of rules is unable to motivate and conform us to holiness.

You have to know that you are loved by God. Otherwise you will always have fear motivating you i.e. if I don’t do this he will be mad and punish me.

Fear cannot motivate you to genuine holiness. You must know that you are loved and that the outcome is assured – so you can obey with your whole heart.

This knowledge will propel one to obedience, knowing that you are loved and believing that God has given you what is needed in terms of enabling.

If you not assured of God’s love for you then you will fall into a sinful lifestyle. Duty cannot motivate in the face of temptation but love in response to grace (God’s love and enabling) is more motivating.

Source: no longer have the details of the source.

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(2Ch 1:1) Solomon foreshadows Christ – the son of David, strengthened to rule God’s kingdom, God with him, highly exalted.

(2Ch 1:7-12) Christ, like Solomon and unlike Adam, seeks to gain wisdom from God.

(2Ch 1:11) Christ, like Solomon, is a shepherd-king over God’s people, leading them in and out. c.f. John 10.

(2Ch 1:13-17) The glory of Solomon’s kingdom foreshadows the greater glory of Christ’s kingdom.

(2Ch 2:11-12) Because God loves his people he sets Christ as king over them to build a temple for God’s glory.

(2Ch 3:5-7) The temple has gold, precious stones and engraved trees and cherubim i.e. recalls Eden.

(2Ch 3:17) The pillars, Jachin and Boaz, point to Christ as the one God establishes and strengthens.

(2Ch 4) A micro-cosmic representation of creation – altar (mountain), washing basin (the sea), lamp stand (7 heavenly lights). Christ rules.

(2Ch 5:12-13) By the altar, clothed in white linen, harps, trumpets, singing – Revelation portrays God’s people in similar terms.

(2Ch 5:13-14) God’s presence indwelling the temple to live in the midst points to Christ’s coming in the flesh c.f. Joh 1:14

(2Ch 6:10,14-15 In Solomon the shadow form of God’s promise to David is fulfilled. But its ultimate fulfillment awaits the coming of Christ.

(2Ch 6:22,24,26,28,36) Christ, like Solomon, intercedes for the people of God in light of their sins and covenant curses. i.e. forgiveness.

(2Ch 6:32-33) The ultimate purpose of the Solomon and Christ-built temples is that all men might be drawn to knowing and fearing God.

(2Ch 6:40) Christ is uniquely ‘the place’ upon which God’s eyes are opened and ears attentive in order to respond to people’s prayers.

(2Ch 7:1-3) Solomon’s temple & prayer accepted as indicated by the sign of fire from heaven. Christ’s indicated by the sign of resurrection.

(2Ch 7:3,6) Christ is the ultimate expression of God’s goodness and steadfast love that endures forever.

(2Ch 7:5,7) Christ as priest-king offers better a better sacrifice than Solomon’s 22000 oxen and 120000 sheep.

(2Ch 7:8-10) Solomon’s great feast and the joy of God’s people in God’s fulfilling his promises foreshadow Christ’s messianic banquet.

(2Ch 7:14-16) Salvation in Christ occurs when his people humble themselves, pray, repent, are heard, forgiven of sin and healed.

(2Ch 7:20-21) Solomon’s shadow temple may face destruction due to the people’s sin. Christ as a temple faced destruction but raised forever.

(2Ch 8:12-15) The Son of David orders the worship of God in ways that are revealed to him by God.

(2Ch 9:1-4) Sheba’s visit to Solomon foreshadows all nations coming to Christ with tribute, listening to his wisdom & beholding his glory.

(2Ch 9:8) The LORD delights in Christ and sets him upon God’s throne.

(2Ch 9:8) Christ established as king to act in justice and righteousness because God loves his people.

(2Ch 9:13-21) The glory and awesome majesty of Solomon’s kingdom foreshadows the glory and awesome majesty of the kingdom of Christ.

(2Ch 9:22) Christ excels all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.

(2Ch 9:23-24) All kings of the earth shall seek Christ’s presence to hear his God-given wisdom and to bring him perpetual tribute.

(2Ch 9:26) Solomon’s rule over all the kings from Euphrates to Egypt (the whole shadow land) foreshadows Christ’s rule over all the earth.

(2Ch 9:31) Solomon is not the Christ. There is another.

(2Ch 10:1-15) Rehoboam is a foolish son of David who ruins the kingdom. He is not the desired Christ.

(2Ch 10:15) Sovereignty. Rehoboam’s foolishness is the means ordained by God to fulfill his purpose.

(2Ch 11:4) Sovereignty – God ordains Jeroboam’s rebellion against the Son of David and all rebellion against Christ, the son of David.

(2Ch 11:14-16) God preserves the kingdom of Judah in the hands of the sons of David with faithfulness to the LORD.

(2Ch 12:1-10) Sovereignty. God ordains Shishak’s invasion of Judah and he limits its success.

(2Ch 13) God preserves the kingdom of Judah in the hands of the sons of David with faithful worship to the LORD in his chosen Jerusalem.

(2Ch 15) God continues to preserve Judah under the Davidic king with blessing foreshadowing Christ’s rule.

(2Ch 15) Sovereignty – God determines that Zerah the Ethiopian will fail in his invasion although having a greater force than Shishak had.

(2Ch 15:9) Around the son of David (Asa/Christ) gathers a remnant of Israel to be the people of God.

(2Ch 16) Asa fails to be the desired Son of David.

(2Ch 17) Jehoshaphat’s riches, honour, tribute, kingdom and courageous heart in the ways of the LORD foreshadows Christ, the son of David.

(2Ch 17:7-9) Jehoshaphat as the son of David teaches God’s people God’s word in this way foreshadowing Christ, the son of David.

(2Ch 18:33) Sovereignty. A certain man drew his bow at random & struck Ahab between the scale armor & breastplate fulfilling God’s word.

(2Ch 19) Jehoshaphat, son of David, foreshadows Christ in bringing the people back to the LORD and administering righteousness among them.

(2Ch 20:5-12) Jehoshaphat, son of David, foreshadows Christ by his ministry of intercession for the people of God.

(2Ch 20:14-20) Jehoshaphat, son of David, foreshadows Christ by his acting in faith and trust based on God’s prophetic word for his people.

(2Ch 20:22-30) God’s victory over the nations, dividing of spoils, rejoicing over enemies, nations fearing -all foreshadow Christ’s kingdom.

(2Ch 20:31-37) Although Jehoshaphat foreshadows Christ in many ways he nevertheless does so imperfectly. Another son of David is desired.

(2Ch 21:4,17; 22:1,8,10) Satan seeks to destroy without survivor two generations of sons of David to prevent the coming of the Christ.

(2Ch 21:7,17; 22:11-12; 23:11) God preserves for David a lamp, a son of David. The line from which the promised one shall come continues.

(2Ch 24:1-14) Joash foreshadows Christ as a son of David who restores the temple worship of God.

(2Ch 24:15-27) Joash, ultimately fails as a son of David by being unfaithful, unlike Christ. Another son of David is needed.

(2Ch 25) Neither is Amaziah, son of David, the longed for Christ.

(2Ch 26:1-15) Uzziah is another shadow of the ultimate son of David – makes peace from enemies, obeys God, life is good in land.

(2Ch 26:16-23) Uzziah disappoints. Although a son of David not a priest after order of Aaron or Melchizedek. Still waiting for Christ.

(2Ch 27:6) Christ/Jotham became mighty, because he ordered his ways before the LORD his God.

(2Ch 28) Ahaz, son of David, contrasts with Christ – partial loss of the promised land, does not trust God, tears down not builds up temple.

(2Ch 29) Hezekiah, son of David, foreshadows Christ in restoring, purifying, establishing and covenanting true temple worship.

(2Ch 30:1,5-11,18,25-26) Hezekiah, son of David, foreshadows Christ in restoring worship in spirit & truth to all Israel (Jews & Samaritans)

(2Ch 30:18-20) Hezekiah, son of David, foreshadows Christ by his intercession for people & appeal to God for grace, forgiveness & healing.

(2Ch 31:3) Hezekiah, son of David, foreshadows Christ by providing animal sacrifices for the people. Christ offers the sacrifice of himself.

(2Ch 31:20-21) Hezekiah, son of David, foreshadows Christ – righteous, faithful, obedient, seeking God and prospering before God.

(2Ch 32:22-30) Christ, like Hezekiah, gives his people rest/peace, receives tribute from nations, highly exalted, has great glory.

(2Ch 32:24-25,31) Ultimately, Hezekiah is not the longed for son of David due to the pride of his heart.

(2Ch 33) Neither Manasseh, son of David, nor Amon, son of David is the Lord’s Christ.

(2Ch 34:6-7,9) Josiah, son of David, sought to bring all Israel back to the LORD and as such is a shadow of Christ.

(2Ch 34:8-18) (2Ch 34:6-7,9) Josiah, son of David, sought to rebuild for God a temple for his glory and as such is a shadow of Christ.

(2Ch 34:31) Josiah made a covenant to walk before the LORD, keeping God’s commands with all his heart and all his soul – foreshadows Christ.

(2Ch 35:1-19) Only Christ surpasses Josiah as the son of David who kept the Passover according to the Law. c.f. one as shadow other fulfills

(2Ch 35:20-25) Ultimately, even Josiah fails to be the longed for son of David that is Christ.

(2Ch 36) Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, Zedekiah = failed sons of David. Temple destroyed, kingdom lost. Another son of David is needed!

(2Ch 36:17) Sovereignty. Although the Babylonians invade and exile God’s people with evil motivation, nevertheless it is ordained by God.

(2Ch 36:22-23) Sovereignty. God moves Cyrus’ heart to build a temple and release the exiles.

(2Ch 36:22-23) Cyrus, in releasing the exiles and building a temple, performs son of David functions!

(2Ch 36:22-23) Gob-smacking that a Persian king could be used by God to foreshadow the work of Christ in building temple & releasing exiles.

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It is of great use to us, in religion, to be fully assured of God’s goodness, to be experimentally acquainted and duly affected with it.

(Matthew Henry, Commentary on Psalm 107:42)

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… while [David] pines away with grief, and is deprived of all strength, he is nevertheless supported by so strong a hope that he ceases not to call upon God. David, therefore, was not so overwhelmed in deep sorrow, and other direful sufferings, as that the hidden light of faith could not shine inwardly in his heart; nor did he groan so much under the weighty load of his temptations, as to be prevented from arousing himself to call upon God.

He struggled through many obstacles to be able to make the confession which he here makes. He next defines the manner of his faith, namely, that he reflected with himself thus that God would never fail him nor forsake him. Let us mark his manner of speech: “I have said, Thou art my God”. In these words he intimates that he was so entirely persuaded of this truth, that God was his God, that he would not admit even a suggestion to the contrary. And until this persuasion prevails so as to take possession of our minds, we shall always waver in uncertainty.

Source: Calvin’s Commentaries (Psalm 31:14)

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Psalm 107:6

It is unnecessary to allude here to the sarcastic retort of the ancient buffoon, who, on entering a temple, and beholding a number of tablets which several merchants had suspended there as memorials of their having escaped shipwreck, through the kind interposition of the gods, smartly and facetiously remarked, But the deaths of those who have been drowned are not enumerated, the number of which is innumerable. But even if a hundredfold more were drowned in the sea than safely reach the harbour, this does not in the least degree detract from the glory of the goodness of God, who, while he is merciful, is at the same time also just, so that the dispensing of the one does not interfere with the exercise of the other. The same observation applies to travelers that stray from the path, and wander up and down in the desert. If many of them perish for hunger and thirst, if many are devoured by wild animals, if many die from cold, these are nothing else than so many tokens of the judgments of God, which he designs for our consideration. From which we infer that the same thing would happen to all men, were it not the will of God to save a portion of them; and thus interposing as a judge between them, he preserves some for the sake of showing his mercy, and pours out his judgments upon others to declare his justice.

Psalm 107:10-11

The Spirit of God makes mention here of another species of danger in which God manifestly discovers his power and grace in the protecting and delivering of men. The world, as I said, calls these vicissitudes the sport of fortune; and hardly one among a hundred can be found who ascribes them to the superintending providence of God. It is a very different kind of practical wisdom which God expects at our hands; namely, that we ought to meditate on his judgments in the time of adversity, and on his goodness in delivering us from it. For surely it is not by mere chance that a person falls into the hands of enemies or robbers; neither is it by chance that he is rescued from them. But this is what we must constantly keep in view, that all afflictions are God’s rod, and that therefore there is no remedy for them elsewhere than in his grace. Moreover, until men are persuaded that all their troubles come upon them by the appointment of God, it will never come into their minds to supplicate him for deliverance.

source: Calvin’s Commentaries

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(1Ch 1) The non-elect peoples of the world.

(1Ch 2:1-2) The elect people of God – the twelve tribes of Israel descended from Adam, Noah, Shem, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

(1Ch 2:3-4,7) Not all Israel according to the flesh are elect e.g. Er, Onan, Achan even though from Judah.

(1Ch 2:10-15) Nahshon the wilderness prince of Judah, Salmon the husband of Ruth, Boaz the husband of Ruth, David forebears of the Christ.

(1Ch 2:51) Salmon, husband of Rahab and father of Boaz, was the founder of Bethlehem from which both David and Christ came.

(1Ch 3:1-16) The royal line of David from which comes Christ. Christ descended from David’s son Nathan by Bathsheba 1Ch 3:5.

(1Ch 3:17-24) The line of David not extinguished by the exile but among returnees. Christ descended from Zerubbabel.

(1Ch 4:42-43) A tribe of Israel possesses part of the land of Edom – a foreshadowing of God’s people eventually possessing the earth.

(1Ch 2-9) These chapters testify to God’s faithfulness in preserving a remnant from exile for his glory as he promised through the prophets.

(1Ch 10) Saul is the anti-messiah i.e not trust in God’s word – leaves Israel scattered, exiled or dead – unlike David and the Christ.

(1Ch 11:2) The Christ is a shepherd and prince over God’s people leading them in and out c.f. John 10:3-4.

(1Ch 11:11-14,20-24) The single-handed victories of David’s mighty men over their enemies foreshadow Christ’s victory in God’s power.

(1Ch 12:17-18) Followers of David/Christ have their hearts joined with him, are clothed with the Spirit, prophesy, experience peace.

(1Ch 12:22-38) David’s followers as a great number, an army of God. c.f. Rev 7 i.e. 144000 and great multitude.

(1Ch 12:39-40) The followers of David/Christ with him eating and drinking at a messianic banquet celebrating his kingship with great joy.

(1Ch 13:10) Without the work of Christ, every man would be a Uzzah.

(1Ch 14:1-2) God exalts both his Christ and his kingdom in the presence of the nations.

(1Ch 14:8-17) The nations who gather against the Christ shall be defeated by his hand c.f. Armageddon c.f. Rev 19.

(1Ch 14:17) God shall cause the fear of Christ to fall upon all nations.

(1Ch 15:11,16) David the Prince of God’s people arranges the worship of God as does Christ.

(1Ch 15:27) IN David the offices of king and priest somewhat merge foreshadowing Christ c.f. Psa 110.

(1Ch 16:2-3) David/Christ provides sacrifices for sin and mediate blessing to God’s people. David/Christ supply bread of life and joy.

(1Ch 16:4-7,37-42) David/Christ orders the worship of God by the people of God.

(1Ch 16:8-36) David/Christ lead God’s people in worship in terms of both style and content.

(1Ch 17: 8) God makes David/Christ’s name great in all the earth.

(1Ch 17:9-10) God works through David/Christ to subdue all enemies (Edomites/Satan) so God’s people can live in God’s presence in peace.

(1Ch 17:11-12) Christ is David’s son through whom God will have his temple built.

(1Ch 17:13) Christ is David’s son who is also God’s beloved son.

(1Ch 17:14) Christ is David’s son who is confirmed in God’s house and rules God’s kingdom forever.

(1Ch 18) David/Christ defeats all nations.

(1Ch 18:14) David/Christ rules over God’s people in justice and righteousness.

(1Ch 19) No enemy who fights against the Lord’s anointed shall be victorious.

(1Ch 20) No enemy who fights against the Lord’s anointed shall be victorious.

(1Ch 21:1) 2Sa 24:1 says that God incited David but this verse says Satan incited him. God is sovereign in his use of secondary means.

(1Ch 21:13) The hope of salvation is to fall into the hands of the LORD whose mercy is very great as opposed to falling into hands of men.

(1Ch 21:15) Salvation described as God repenting (turning from) judgment.

(1Ch 21:16) Angel of the LORD standing between heaven and earth with sword stretched out – a rather apocalyptic type image c.f. Jesus Rev 19

(1Ch 21:18-19) Salvation as a prophetic word of revelation and the provision of a sacrifice for sin and guilt.

(1Ch 21:26-27) Salvation as an accepted sacrifice evidenced by fire falling from heaven and sword placed back into the sheath.

(1Ch 21:26-27) In NT Salvation is an accepted sacrifice evidenced by the resurrection of Christ and eternal death removed.

(1Ch 23) David’s work in providing/preparing materials for the temples construction point to Christ as the king who readies living stones.

(1Ch 22:6-10) Christ is the son of David who rules God’s kingdom in peace forever, is the son of God and builds a temple for God’s glory.

(1Ch 22:11-13) Christ is the uniquely obedient son of God on whom God’s presence rests.

(1Ch 22:13) ‘Be strong & courageous, fear not’. Words spoken by Moses/David to Joshua/Solomon. All four foreshadow Christ is strong.

(1Ch 23:2-6) David the Prince foreshadows Christ the Prince who orders the people of God for their service in God’s house.

(1Ch 24:3) David the Prince orders the priesthood of Aaron to serve as priests. Christ the Prince orders the priesthood of all believers.

(1Ch 24:7-18) The 24 earthly divisions of priests reflect the 24 heavenly divisions of the angelic-elders in Rev 4:4,10-11.

(1Ch 25) The 24 divisions of singers playing harps finds its heavenly counterpart in the 24 elders who sing and play harps in Rev 5:8-9.

(1 Ch 24-25) The arrangements for earthly temple worship are patterned on the worship in the heavenly temple as can be seen in Revelation.

(1Ch 26:1-19) 24 divisions of gatekeepers guarding access into the temple recall the cherubim guard to Eden and around God’s throne in Rev 4

(1Ch 27,28:1) In worship context 12 army divisions of 24000 men c.f. 12 x 12000 army divisions in Rev 7 also in worship context Rev 14:1-5.

(1Ch 28:4-7) Christ, like Solomon, is the Son of David chosen by God to build a temple for God’s name and glory.

(1Ch 28:11-12,19) The temple design and its worship were revealed by God’s Spirit to David – a pattern of the heavenly temple.

(1Ch 28:11-12,19) Christ by the Spirit of God builds a temple not built by human hands that better reflects the heavenly.

(1Ch 28:18) The chariot of cherubim, their outspread wings and the ark of the covenant portray God’s heavenly throne.

(1Ch 29:2,8) Like Eden and the New Jerusalem, the temple has gold and precious stones with particular mention of onyx c.f Gen 2:12, Rev 21.

(1Ch 29:10-13) David’s prayer has similarities with the Lord’s prayer.

(1Ch 29:14,16) Sovereignty – all material things for which we work come from the hand of God and are to be used for his glory.

(1Ch 29:17-19) Sovereignty – The desire of the heart to generously & joyfully give and be obedient is the result of God directing hearts.

(1Ch 29:21-22) When Christ is anointed king (ascension & 2nd coming) all nations worship, eat & drink in God’s presence and have great joy.

(1Ch 29:23-25) To Christ, the anointed Son of David, will all men bow and pledge submission. Solomon is a foreshadowing of Christ.

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