Archive for the ‘Law’ Category

What does the 9th commandment require of us towards our neighbors?

1. A charitable opinion and esteem of our neighbors (1 Cor. 13:7); being ready to hope the best of them, unless the contrary be evident.

2. A desire of, and rejoicing in, their good name and reputation (Rom. 1:8). We are to love them as ourselves, and therefore should be glad of the sweet savor of their name, though their reputation outshine ours.

3. Sorrowing and grieving for their faults (2 Cor. 12:21). The blasting of anybody’s name by their sins, should make us mourn, and the rather that the same root of bitterness is in all naturally: and they are the deeper in God’s debt that get through the world with an unblemished reputation.

4. Covering their infirmities with the mantle of love (1 Pet. 4:8). Everybody has some weak side, and needs a cover from others in love: and it is a dangerous business to aggravate and blaze abroad this to their dishonor.

5. Freely acknowledging the gifts and graces that are in any (1 Cor. 1:4–7).  As none are so good but they have some discernible infirmity, so hardly is one so bad but there is some one thing or another praise-worthy in them. And if it were but one thing, it is our duty frankly to own it.

6. Defending their innocence, as Ahimelech did David’s (1 Sam. 22:14): “And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, even the king’s son-in-law, who is captain over your guard, and is honored in your house?” (NASB). It is necessary and just to defend the innocent, especially if absent, against the poisonous bites of a viperous tongue lest we be held consenting to the tongue-murder of him, in God’s account.

7. An unwillingness to receive an ill report of them, and a readiness to admit a good report of them (1 Cor. 13:6, 7. Ps. 15:3). Love readily opens the door to a good report of our neighbor, but is not very hasty to let in an evil one, being truly sorry if it should be true.

8. Discouraging tale bearers, flatterers, and slanderers, who go about gathering all the filth they can find to throw upon the name and reputation of others. These should be discouraged as the pests of human society, as David did, ‘Whoever secretly slanders his neighbor, him I will destroy’ (Ps. 101:5 NASB).

9. Lastly, watching over one another, giving sound and seasonable admonitions, checks, and reproofs, for what is ill or ill like in others (Lev. 19:17); and telling themselves of it, so as it may not be blabbed out without necessity: whereby both their souls might be timely preserved from the snare, and their good name preserved too.

Source: Thomas Boston, The Whole Works of Thomas Boston: An Illustration of the Doctrines of the Christian Religion

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John 2:1-11


At the wedding in Cana, Jesus changed water into wine.

The water was in large stone jars used by the Jews used for ceremonial washing. It reminded them of their need for cleansing.

The prophets spoke of a day when the mountains would run with wine (Joel 3:16-18 and Amos 9:13-14). Wine was a symbol of joyous life in God’s presence.

By turning the water of cleansing into wine Jesus was demonstrating that the Old Testament system of purification was now being replaced with the blessings of the new age being poured out. (c.f. the prophets).

The day of God’s great wine has arrived and Jesus is the winemaker.

The gospel is new wine that must now be contained in new wineskins, that is, Jesus’ teaching of the kingdom and its joy.

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Calvin’s three uses of the Law:

  1. to be a mirror reflecting to us both the perfect righteousness of God and our own sinfulness and shortcomings.
  2. the “civil use” is to restrain evil.
  3. to guide the regenerate into the good works.

Check out: http://rachaelfischer.blogspot.com/2009/12/three-purposes-of-law.html

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Purpose of the Law

[The Law’s] purpose is to convince and humble us, and the Gospel is to enable us to fulfill the obedience of the law.

The law sends us to the Gospel for our justification;

the Gospel sends us to the law to frame our way of life.

Our obedience to the law is nothing else but the expression of our thankfulness to God who has freely justified us …


Samuel Bolton, The True Bounds of Christian Freedom

(2) The Moral Law A Rule of Obedience – Proposition I – Application – ii. Against Antinomians p.71.

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Exodus 34:6-7

The LORD, the LORD God, compassionate and gracious,

slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth;

who keeps lovingkindness for thousands,

who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin;

yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished,

visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children

and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.”

Numbers 6:24-27

The LORD bless you, and keep you;

The LORD make His face shine on you, and be gracious to you;

The LORD lift up His countenance on you, And give you peace

So they shall invoke My name on the sons of Israel, and I then will bless them.

Deuteronomy 31:6

Be strong and courageous, do not be afraid or tremble at them,

for the LORD your God is the one who goes with you.

He will not fail you or forsake you.”

Deuteronomy 32:4-6

The Rock! His work is perfect, For all His ways are just;

A God of faithfulness and without injustice, Righteous and upright is He. …

Is not He your Father who has bought you?

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