Archive for February, 2010

(Eze 1:1-3) Surprisingly God’s presence is seen in the place of exile – by Chebar canal, in land of Chaldeans, there – not just Jerusalem.
Eze 1:4f) God’s presence is described in midst of a thunderstorm riding a chariot made of cherubim and similar to Revelation 4-5.
Eze 1:28) Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. I fell on my face, and I heard the voice of one speaking.
Eze 2:2) The Spirit entered into me and set me on my feet, and I heard him speaking to me.
Eze 2:10f) Ezekiel to eat a scroll that is sweet and bitter with words of judgment written on both sides. C.f. Revelation 10:8-11
Eze 3:8f) Ezekiel to be made as stubborn in his speaking as his hearers in their sin.
Eze 3:16f) Ezekiel is appointed a watchman but he is also made dumb, speaking only when God gives him a message to speak.
Eze 4:1f) Ezekiel to act out the siege of Jerusalem. Israel will eat unclean food in exile, that is, they will become as though Gentiles.
Eze 5:1f) Ezekiel acts out the judgment using his hair – burning it, throwing it to the wind – although some strands preserved.
Eze 5:11) Israel’s chief sin is defiling the temple, place of God’s presence.
Eze 6) Israel to be devoted to destruction like the Canaanites should have been.
Eze 7) Judgments of sword, famine and disease c.f. Revelation’s seals.
Eze 8) At the temple is an idol of jealousy, engravings of unclean animals, women praying to Tammuz, men turning backs on God to face sun.
Eze 9:4) A mark on foreheads of the faithful to preserve them from God’s judgments c.f. Revelation 7.
Eze 10) God’s presence moves from within the temple to the threshold and then to the east gate of the courtyard – God is about to leave.
Eze 11:16) For those in exile already God has been a sanctuary/temple for them in exile even though he has abandoned Jerusalem.
Eze 11:19) God will give the remnant a new heart and spirit that is inclined to obedience. He will be their God and they his people.
Eze 11:23) God’s presence leaves the temple courtyard, the city and rests on the Mount of Olives before ascending to heaven – abandoned.
Eze 12) Ezekiel acts out the part of a refugee fleeing into exile to illustrate that Jerusalem will fall to the Babylonians.
Eze 13) The false prophets and prophetesses are like people strengthening a wall with whitewash. God will deliver his people from them.
Eze 14:12f) Noah, Daniel and Job despite their own personal righteousness would not be able to save Israel from impending judgment.
Eze 15:2) Israel is as useful as the wood content of a vine.
Eze 16:8) God spread the corner of his garment over Israel – he married her by covenant.
Eze 16:9f) Israel was a woman bathed, washed, anointed, clothed, adorned, fed and given perfect beauty by Yahweh.
Eze 16:15f) Israel whored, lusted and committed adultery – high places, sacrifices, detestable practices, treaties with nations.
Eze 16:60,63) God will establish an everlasting covenant and atone for Israel’s sin.
Eze 17:22-23) The vine that is the kingdom of Israel will be uprooted but God will plant a cedar twig on Mt Zion that will rule the nations
Eze 18:4,32) God says that the soul who sins shall die unless they repent. He has no pleasure in the death of anyone, so turn, and live.
Eze 19:13-14) The royal line of David appears to be extinct – a plant in the wilderness that has been burnt.
Eze 20:9,14,22,44) God’s dealings with his people is based on his concern for the glory of his name rather than their sin.
Eze 20) Israel’s sin is highlighted in terms of temple observances – sacrifices and Sabbath keeping – significant in 40-48.
Eze 20:33f) God will gather his people from exile, judge, bring into covenant, remove sin and restore his people.
Eze 21:21-22) God controls the actions of a foreign king who acts based on consulting an animal’s liver for guidance from his idols.
Eze 21:27) David’s house a ruin until he comes, the one to whom judgment belongs, to him God will give the kingship.
Eze 22:26) Priests have profaned my holy things, made no distinction between holy/common, clean/unclean, disregarded Sabbaths. C.f. 40-48
Eze 23) whore, breasts pressed, bosoms handled, poured lust on, uncovered nakedness, members like donkeys, issue like horses
Eze 23:35) Because you have forgotten me and cast me behind your back, you must bear the consequences of your lewdness.
Eze 23:38) They have defiled my sanctuary and profaned my Sabbaths. c.f. 40-48.
Eze 24:18) Ezekiel’s wife dies and he doesn’t display mourning to indicate that the exiles will not mourn over Jerusalem’s fall.
Eze 25) God judges Ammon, Moab, Edom and Philistia with being made desolate because of the way they treated Judah.
Eze 26:19) Tyre will be judged by having the deep waters brought over her.
Eze 26-27) Judgment on Tyre is similar to Revelation 18 on Babylon.
Eze 28) Tyre described in terms of Eden, wisdom, precious stones, cherubim, holy mountain of God, blameless, cast out.
Eze 28:25f) God will gather (rapture), judge nations, give promised land (new earth), give houses and vineyards (everlasting peace).
Eze 29:3f) Egypt like a sea dragon that will be thrown into wilderness and devoured by scavengers.
Eze 29:6-7) Egypt like a staff that when one leans on it, it breaks and pierces one’s arm pit.
Eze 30:22,24) God will break Pharaoh’s arms and strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon. God is sovereign in such things.
Eze 31:15) Egypt is like a tree that reached up to the heavens but now has been sent to Sheol.
Eze 32) The nations and their armies are pictured as lying uncircumcised in the pit of Sheol despite having once brought terror.
Eze 33:12) The wickedness of the wicked will not cause him to fall if he turns from it.
Eze 33:22) Ezekiel stops being mute the evening before a man comes to announce the fulfilment of Ezekiel’s prophecy of Jerusalem’s fall.
Eze 34:4) Shepherd-princes should care for the weak, sick, injured, strayed and lost.
Eze 34:12) God will shepherd his people, gather, rescue and feed them on day of clouds and thick darkness.
Eze 34:23) God’s servant David will be their shepherd i.e. Jesus.
Eze 35:15) Edom to become desolate on all its mountains.
Eze 36) The promised land will be restored to God’s people as a fruitful land. Ultimately this shadow promise is new earth.
Eze 36:22f) God will save his people for the sake of the glory of his name.
Eze 36:25f) God will sprinkle his people with water of cleansing, give new heart and spirit, give his Spirit to incline them to obedience.
Eze 37:12) Ezekiel’s vision of dry bones. Graves will be opened and God’s people raised and brought into their land. Resurrection/New Earth
Eze 37:25-27) David (Jesus) to be king, temple in their midst (God’s presence). This is to be forever not just an age!
Eze 38:16) God is the one who brings Gog against his people. It is not simply Gog’s rebellion but God’s decreed purpose.
Eze 38:2,15) Old Testament Gog and his regional allies in Rev 20:8 become all nations from the 4 corners of the earth.
Eze 38:19,22) A great earthquake and Gog to be destroyed by rain, hail, fire and brimstone c.f. Armageddon & Rev 20:9
Eze 39:17-20) Birds and scavengers to eat dead bodies. Same as Rev 19:17-18.
Eze 39:29) I will not hide my face anymore from them, when I pour out my Spirit upon the house of Israel, declares the Lord GOD.
Eze 40:1-2) Ezekiel and John both see the New Jerusalem from “a great mountain” with an angelic being c.f. Rev 21:10
Eze 40) Emphasis on barriers – walls, thickness of walls, distances from temple, gates. Unlike past holiness will be respected.
Eze 41:5,9,12) Thickness of walls emphasised again. Future will not be like past neglect of holiness.
Eze 42:10-12,20) Emphasis on thickness and entrances. Key point “to make a separation between the holy and common.”
Eze 43:2-5) Before glory went up from temple to Olives. Now God’s glory comes down from Mount of Olives to temple, filling the earth.
Eze 43:8) Past described as defiling when only a thin wall separated God’s house from sinful houses of kings – but not now!
Eze 43:11-12) Israel to be told blueprint re: entrances, exits, regulations etc so they may shame their former failure to honor holiness.
Eze 43:16) The altar covers an area of 12×12 = 144 cubits! Similar numbers used in Rev to describe people of God as altar or New Jerusalem.
Isa 44:5-7) Correcting past abuses of temple worship. Emphasis again on entrances and exits not admitting unclean people.
Isa 44) The vision is intended to depict the perpetual worship of the God of heaven in the Kingdom of Christ.
Isa 44) In Ezekiel’s vision priests, sacrifices etc. describe the future in OT shadow terms. Realty is in NT.
Eze 45:7-9) An example of how past abuses by princes will not take place in the future.
Eze 46) Neglected festivals and correct sacrifices will not be neglected in the future.
Eze 47:1-5) A river of life flows from God’s throne. C.f. Rev 22:1 in the New Jerusalem.
Eze 47:7,12) A tree of life – grows both sides of river, twelve crops of food a year and leaves are for healing C.f. Rev 22:2
Eze 47:13f) Ezekiel’s shadow is the restored boundaries of the Promised Land. John’s greater fulfilment is the New Earth.
Eze 47:22) Non-Israelites “shall be to you as native-born children of Israel”. In OT only a few but in NT multitudes.
Eze 48:30f) Gates named after tribes of Israel c.f. Rev 21:12f “on gates names of tribes of Israel were inscribed”.
Eze 48:35f) Book’s climax – “And the name of the city from that time on shall be, The LORD Is There.”

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Approach with boldness

For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses … Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.


Hebrews 4:15-16

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(Hosea 1:2) Marry a wife of whoredom because the land commits great whoredom by forsaking the Lord.

(Hosea 1:10-11) Yet Israel will be like the sand of the sea & instead of ‘not my people’, ‘children of the living God’. Gathered , one head.

(Hosea 1:10-11) How NT notes fulfilment c.f. Rom 9:25-27 1Pe 2:9-10.

(Hos 2) Israel thought her food, water, wool, linen, oil, drink came from her lovers but actually from husband & he will give them again.

(Hos 2:14) I like this: I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak tenderly to her.

(Hos 2:19) I will betroth you to me forever, in righteousness, in justice, in steadfast love and in mercy. I will betroth in faithfulness.

(Hos 3) But in these last days seek the LORD and live under the rule of David (Jesus).

(Hos 4:16) Like a stubborn heifer, Israel is stubborn; can the LORD now feed them like a lamb in a broad pasture?

(Hos 5:12) God will be like a moth to Ephraim, and like dry rot to the house of Judah.

(Hos 6:3) The LORD will come to us as the showers, as the spring rains that water the earth. A very good picture!

(Hos 6:6) God desires steadfast love and not sacrifice, the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.

(Hos 7:11) Ephraim is like a dove, silly and without sense, calling to Egypt, going to Assyria.

(Hos 8:8) Israel is swallowed up; already they are among the nations as a useless vessel.

(Hos 9:8-9,15) The prophet is the watchman of Ephraim with God. Israel is deeply corrupted as in the days of Gibeah & Gilgal.

(Hos 10:3) Israel will say: "We have no king, for we do not fear the LORD; and a king–what could he do for us?" – Reason they chose Saul.

(Hos 11:8f) God cannot treat them as Admah & Zeboiim because of his compassion and his unchangeableness.

(Hos 12:9) God will cause to live in tents – causing them to trust and live under his rule like the Feast of Tabernacles.

(Hos 13:3) Israel will become like the morning mist, the dew on the ground, chaff in the wind, smoke escaping from a window.

(Hos 14:2,4) Take with you words and return to the LORD. God will heal their apostasy, love them freely, be like the dew to them.

(Hos 14:5f) Israel will take root like the trees of Lebanon, shoots spread out, beauty like olive tree, blossom like the vine.

(Joel 1) The Day of the LORD – locusts and drought.

(Joel 2:13f) Rend hearts not garments. Quotes Ex 34:6. Gather elders, children and those on honeymoon for national repentance.

(Joel 2:18f) God to restore grain, wine, oil, rain, abundance. (27) God will be present in midst.

(Joel 2:28) Everyone to receive God’s Spirit and revelation . Wonders – blood, fire, smoke, all who call on name of LORD will be saved.

(Joel 3:14) Nations & multitudes in valley of decision. LORD roars from Zion. Creation shakes. LORD is a refuge.

(Joel 3:17f) Living in Jerusalem. Mountains drip wine & milk. Living Water flows from the temple watering the wilderness. Edom ruined.

(Amos 1-2) For three sins and four judgement on the nations but the longest for Israel!

(Amos 3:12) Israel to be saved as much as a shepherd saves from a lion two leg bones or a piece of an ear – not good!

(Amos 4:6f) Clean teeth is bad! God directed the rain here and there. Mosaic covenant curses fall on Israel – drought, mildew, pestilence.

(Amos 5:18f) The day of LORD is gloomy darkness and unavoidable. Flee lion to encounter a bear, go inside and bitten by a snake.

(Amos 6:6) They feast with gladness and are not grieved over the ruin of Joseph.

(Amos 7) They command Amos not to prophesy and go away. But he was the one who stood before the LORD interceding for them.

(Amos 8:3) God commands Amos to be silent – not to intercede against God’s determined judgement.

(Amos 8:11) "Behold, the days are coming when a famine on the land– not of bread or thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD.

(Amos 9:2) No escaping God’s judgement whether one digs to Sheol, climbs to the heavens, hides on Mount Carmel or at the bottom of the sea.

(Amos 9:11f) In the day LORD will raise up David’s booth (Acts 15:16). Israel shall possess the nations. Mountains shall drip sweet wine.

(Obad 1:3) The Edomites lived on top of high cliffs but from the heights God would bring the down to the ground.

(Obad 1:17f) Survivors on Mount Zion but none on Mount Esau. House of Esau shall be possessed by the House of Jacob.

(Obad 1:21) Saviors shall go up to Mount Zion to rule Mount Esau, and the kingdom shall be the LORD’s.

(Jonah 1:4,15) The LORD hurled a great wind upon sea. Gentiles hurl Jonah into sea but tried to save him first. Gentiles worship.

(Jonah 1:9) Jonah’s God is the LORD, the God of heaven, who made the sea and the dry land. Men are exceedingly afraid.

(Jonah 1:17) And the LORD appointed a great fish to swallow up Jonah.

(Jonah 2) Jonah prays in the belly of the sea – from Sheol, the grave. Believes his life will be brought up from pit.

(Jonah 3:5) The people of Nineveh believed God and repented. Who would have thought!

(Jonah 4:2) A gracious God and merciful, slow to anger and steadfast love and relenting from disaster. John 3:16 of OT = Exodus 34:6.

(Jonah 4:6,11) The one and same God appointed the fish, the plant, a worm, a scorching east wind and a hot sun. God is a God of compassion.

(Mic 1:3-4) The LORD treads upon the high places of the earth. Mountains melt under him, valleys split open, like wax before fire.

(Mic 2:1) Woe to those who devise wickedness & work evil on their beds! When morning dawns, they perform it, because in power of their hand.

(Mic 2:12) Remnant of Israel gathered like sheep with the LORD as the shepherd who leads them.

(Mic 3:8) As for me, I am filled with power, with the Spirit of the LORD to declare to Jacob his transgression and to Israel his sin.

(Mic 4) In future Mt Zion raised above all others. Peoples stream to hear God’s law for nations. Peace, vines, fig trees. Walking with God.

(Mic 5) Out of Bethlehem a ruler whose origin is of ancient days. Exile will continue till he comes. He will shepherd in God’s strength.

(Mic 5) No horse, chariots, fortresses, sorceries, carved images, pillars. No more trusting in the works of their hands.

(Mic 6:8) He has told you, O man, what is good; & what does the LORD require of you -do justice, love kindness, & walk humbly with your God?

(Mic 7:8f) When I fall, I shall rise; when I sit in darkness, the LORD will be a light to me.

(Mic 7:9) I will bear the indignation of the LORD..I have sinned against him, until he pleads my cause..I shall look upon his vindication.

(Mic 7:12) God will gather his people from Assyria and Egypt, and from Egypt to the River, from sea to sea and from mountain to mountain.

(Mic 7:18) God pardons iniquity &passes over transgression for remnant of his inheritance? Not retain his anger delights in steadfast love.

(Mic 7:19) He will again have compassion on us; will tread our iniquities under foot. Will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.

(Nah 1:3) A jealous avenging wrathful God who is slow to anger, great in power & by no means clears guilty c.f. Exo 34:6-7 again.

(Nah 1:3) God walks in the storm and wind & clouds are like puffs of dust under his feet. Mountains quake and earth heaves before him.

(Nah 1:7) The LORD is good, a stronghold in a day of distress; He cares for those who take refuge in Him.

(Nah 1:8) 100 years after Jonah Nineveh’s time is up – He will completely destroy Nineveh with an overwhelming flood & chase into darkness.

(Hab 1:2-4) Habakkuk asked – How long will God allow injustice in Israel?

(Hab 1:5-11) God answered that he would use Babylonians to execute judgment like predator animals.

(Hab 1:12-2:1) Habakkuk responded by asking how God could use such a cruel idolatrous people and still be just.

(Hab 2:2-20) God will punish Babylon too resulting in the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the LORD’s glory, as waters cover sea.

(Hab 3:17) Though the fig tree not bud, no fruit on vines, olive crop fails, no sheep or cattle, yet I will rejoice in God of my salvation!

(Hab 3:19) He makes my feet like those of a deer and enables me to walk on mountain heights!

(Zep 1:2f) God will sweep away everything from the earth – man, beast, birds of heavens and fish of the sea. Un-creation.

(Zep 1:15) The day of the LORD is a day of wrath, distress, anguish, ruin, devastation, darkness, gloom, clouds, trumpets and death.

(Zep 1:18 and 3:8) In the fire of God’s jealousy all the earth will be consumed c.f. 2 Peter 3:7,10

(Zep 3) God will convert the nations and bless forever his people, Zion, the New Jerusalem.

(Zep 2:3) If a person seeks the LORD they will be hidden on the day of wrath. c.f. Nah 1:7 The LORD knows those who take refuge in him.

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Creation as deliverance

Bruce Waltke:

the creation narrative is a story of redemption, of the triumph of light over darkness, of land and sky over water, both of which are essential for life

[An Old Testament Theology, 181].


Rolf Knierim:

Creation and Israel’s own history are correlated under the aspect of Yahweh’s salvific actions. Creation out of chaos is seen as the first in a chain of salvific actions. Here, world order and Israel’s history are united under one purpose, liberation from chaos and oppression. Thus, it can be said that Yahweh is the creator of the world because he is its liberator from chaos, just as he is the creator of Israel because he is its liberator from oppression. Therefore, the notion of liberation belongs to both creation and Israel’s history.

[The Task of Old Testament Theology, p. 209–201]


C.f. Psalm 74:12–17; Isaiah 40-55

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The Bible teaches that regeneration and faith are temporally simultaneous, but regeneration logically precedes faith.

No time passes between the new birth and faith. There is no possibility of someone being born again but not having faith yet.

But they are logically distinct – new birth logically, not temporally, comes before faith.

Does a baby have life and then breathe, or does he breathe and thereby have life?

It’s really impossible to separate temporally. Breathing is the definition of being alive. So temporally we don’t separate the two. But logically, do you breathe and then become alive? No. Because before you do anything you have to be alive.

Our faith in Christ does not effect (or cause, or bring about) our regeneration. Believing is the result of our regeneration, which is granted by the Father through the ministry of the Holy Spirit.

Original Source: http://mriccardi.blogspot.com/2009/10/regeneration-and-faith-temporally.html

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(Isaiah 1:6) Sin is like a diseased body.

(Isa 1:3,8,9) The ox and donkey knows more than Israel. Jerusalem left as a hut in a field. Almost like Sodom & Gomorrah.

(Isa 2:2) All nations shall receive instruction from the temple mountain raised higher than all other mountains.

(Isa 2:19f) Hiding in caves from terror of the LORD like in Revelation 6. Idols of gold and silver thrown to rodents.

(Isa 3) The daughters of Zion were beautiful and vain and shall become clothed as slaves.

(Isa 4) A holy people recorded for life – washed and cleansed by a spirit of fire. God’s pillar of cloud and fire shall be over them.

(Isa 4:6) A shade, shelter, refuge from heat. C.f. Revelation 7:16

(Isa 5:1f) The Parable of the Vineyard – dug,cleared,planted – hedge removed, wall broken, trampled, laid waste, briers and thorns, no rain.

(Isa 5:20) Woe to those who call evil good &good evil, put darkness for light & light for darkness, put bitter for sweet & sweet for bitter!

(Isa 6:1) In the year that the king died he saw the King! Seraphim, holy, shaking. Unclean lips atoned. Fat hearts, heavy ears, smeared eyes

(Isa 7:2,12) The hearts of Judah shake like trees in the wind. Ahaz doesn’t want a sign because doesn’t want to obey. Immanuel – God with us

(Isa 8:6f) Judah rejects waters of Shiloah (God) so God will flood, judge and devastate them with the River of Assyria.

(Isa 8:20f) Light comes from the Law and the Prophets. Enraged rejection means distress, thrust into thick darkness and gloom.

(Isa 9:1f) Galilean tribes were first to face exile to Assyria (darkness/gloom). To them will come a great light – Jesus’ Galilean ministry

(Isa 9:6f) A son with government on shoulder His name: Wonderful Counselor Mighty God and Everlasting Father Prince of Peace.

(Isa 10:12) When the Lord has finished all his work on Mount Zion he will punish the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria.

(Isa 10:21f) The bulk of Israel’s sands and stars will be rejected but a remnant shall return to the Mighty God.

(Isa 11:1-2) Spirit of the LORD will rest on him – wisdom, power – and a delight in the fear of the LORD.

(Isa 11:3-4) Righteous decisions made for poor. Wicked struck with rod of his mouth and his breath shall kill like Rev 19.

(Isa 11:6-9) Peace in creation – Eden restored. Earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.

(Isa 11:10,14) All nations shall submit to his instruction & rule. God will gather all his people. His people will inherit the whole earth.

(Isa 12:5) Isaiah uses lots of Exodus motifs "Sing praises to the LORD, for he has done gloriously" recalls song of Moses (Ex 15:1;Rev 15:3)

(Isa 12:2) The Lord is my strength and my song and he has become my salvation (Exodus 15:2). Future salvation like past saving c.f. Rev 15

(Isa 13) Day of the LORD – destruction, woman in labor, wrath, heavenly lights go dark, earth shaken, wild animals will live there.

(Isa 14:1f,7) Sojourners will join and attach to Israel. God’s people will defeat their enemies. There will be singing.

(Isa 14:14) I will sit on the mount of assembly in the far north but you are brought down to Sheol, to the far reaches of the pit.

(Isa 16:1) Edom will send lambs as tribute to the ruler and Moab will be ruled by the house of David.

(Isa 17:14) The nations will pass away in the night.

(Isa 18:7) Ethiopia will send tribute to Mount Zion.

(Isa 19:1) The LORD returns to Egypt in his chariot and the idols remember last time and tremble. (19:5) Sea is dried up again.

(Isa 19) Egypt, Assyria & Israel all worshiping the LORD.

(Isa 20) Isaiah’s nakedness a sign of judgment.

(Isa 22:11f) Didn’t look to God who planned events, didn’t weep and mourn but instead ate, drank and rejoiced.

(Isa 24:1) Behold, the LORD will empty the earth and make it desolate, and he will twist its surface and scatter its inhabitants.

(Isa 24:14f) West, east and coast lands shall shout, give glory and sing songs of praise to God.

(Isa 24:19f) The earth is utterly broken & split apart. The earth is violently shaken. Sways like a hut, falls, will not rise again.

(Isa 24:21f) Will punish host of heaven & kings of earth. Gather prisoners in a pit; shut in prison, after many days they will be punished.

(Isa 25) On this mountain a feast of rich food of life. Shroud of death swallowed up, tears wiped away, reproach of all peoples taken away.

(Isa 26:19f) The dead shall live, their bodies rise, those who dwell in the dust shall awake and sing for joy! Wrath shall pass away.

(Isa 27:1) Leviathan, the dragon serpent of the sea, shall be slain.

(Isa 27:6) God’s people will be like a plant rooted, blossoming, sending forth shoots and filling the whole world with fruit.

(Isa 27:13) On that day a great trumpet will be blown, those lost in Assyria & Egypt will worship on the holy mountain at Jerusalem. Rapture

(Isa 28:11,21) God will use people of strange lips and foreign tongues to speak to his people in judgment – a strange and alien work.

(Isa 29:6) God visits his people to save – thunder, earthquake, great wind and storm, devouring fire. e.g. Revelation 11:19, 16:18

(Isa 29:18f) The deaf shall hear, the blind shall see out of gloom and darkness, the meek shall have joy, the poor shall praise.

(Isa 30:7,15) Egypt’s help is worthless and empty. Repentance, rest, quietness and trust is a better strength for salvation.

(Isa 30:20-21) Israel’s Teacher will no longer be hidden but seen – a voice speaking words, "This is the way, walk in it."

(Isa 30:33) Topheth, a place of burning, pyre deep & wide, fire & wood in abundance, breath of YHWH kindles like stream of sulfur – hell !

(Isa 31:1f) Woe to those who rely on Egyptian horses and chariots rather than look to the Holy One of Israel who is wise and makes disaster.

(Isa 32) King will reign in righteousness as sheltering rock. Desolation until Spirit is poured from on high – people changed, land fruitful

(Isa 33:5-6) The LORD will be their justice, righteousness, strength, salvation, wisdom and knowledge. The fear of LORD is Zion’s treasure.

(Isa 33:14f) Who can dwell with God the consuming fire and everlasting burnings? The righteous can.

(Isa 34:4) Sky rolled up and stars fall like fig leaves c.f. Revelation 6:13-14. Land flows with blood c.f. Revelation 14:20.

(Isa 34) OT shadow of hell. Edom becomes burning pitch and sulphur. Day and night fire not quenched. Smoke goes up forever.

(Isa 35) Blind see, deaf hear, lame leap, mute sing. Creation restored. The Way of Holiness – no lions or fools.

(Isa 35:10) Ransomed of the LORD shall return and come to Zion with singing, everlasting joy, sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

(Isa 36:2) The conduit of the upper pool was where Ahaz decided to trust Assyria rather than God. Now it is site of Assyrian invasion (7:3).

(Isa 36:16) Peace is enjoying one’s own vine, fig tree and cistern. But how is that ends achieved through submitting to God or Assyria?

(Isa 37:35,38) 300 years later God still protects Jerusalem for David’s sake. When Assyrian king prays his gods fail to protect his life.

(Isa 38:17) For my welfare that I had great bitterness. In love you delivered my life from the pit. You cast all my sins behind your back.

(Isa 39:8) The word of the LORD spoken is always good.

(Isa 40) Comfort, speak tenderly, a voice in wilderness, grass withers, flowers fade but Behold your God comes.

(Isa 40:28f) The everlasting Creator God does not faint or grow weary. He renews the strength of his people. Eagle wings.

(Isa 41:7) An idol has to be nailed down so it doesn’t fall. Contrast with the God who leads his people thru wilderness & provides waters.

(Isa 41:21f) Yahweh proves himself by explaining past events, predicting future ones and controlling the circumstances. Idols cannot.

(Isa 42:1,3,4) Behold my servant bruised reeds, smoldering wicks. Coastlands will wait for his torah.

(Isa 42:6-7) A covenant for peoples, light for nations, release prisoners from blindness in dark dungeons.

(Isa 42:18f) Israel is a blind and deaf servant of the LORD who is plundered and hidden in prisons.

(Isa 43:2,7) When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overwhelm you. Made for his glory

(Isa 44:3) For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour my Spirit upon your offspring.

(Isa 44:6) The LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: "I am the first and I am the last; besides me there is no god.

(Isa 44:26f) Cyrus is named over 150 years before the end of the exile as the one who will end the exile. Called Shepherd and Anointed.

(Isa 45:7) I form light and create darkness, I make well-being and create calamity, I am the LORD, who does all these things.

(Isa 45:22f) Turn and be saved all the ends of the earth, every knee bow, every tongue swear allegiance, justified and glorified.

(Isa 46:1-3) The Babylonian idols have to be carried by weary beasts of burden whereas God carries his people since they were ‘in his womb’

(Isa 47:8) Babylon tries to be a counterfeit God. "I am and there is none other’ This has been what God has been saying.

(Isa 48) Judgment on Israel, judgment on Babylon, redemption for some.

(Isa 49) The servant is Israel ministering to Israel. Formed from the womb. He suffers. He is a covenant to the people. Assigns inheritances

(Isa 49:9-10) Sets prisoners free from darkness and cares for them thru wilderness. Hunger,thirst,sun,springs – fulfilled in Revelation 7:16

(Isa 50:2) God does not have a short arm!

(Isa 504,:6-9) Knows how to sustain the weary with a word. Is himself taught and in obedience the servant suffers for us.

(Isa 51:3) The Promised Land, especially Zion, will be like Eden!

(Isa 51:5) Coastlands wait for the LORD’s arm.

(Isa 52:1,3,10) Put on your beautiful garments like a bride. Redeemed not with money but by God’s bared arm – his power.

(Isa 53) a man of sorrows, smitten by God, wounded our transgressions, lamb to slaughter, cut off land living, see life, many made righteous

(Isa 54:5,7) Your maker is your husband. For a brief moment I deserted you but with great compassion I will gather you.

(Isa 54:9) Like days of Noah, I swore to him so I swear to you I will not be angry, rebuke, love not depart, covenant of peace not removed.

(Isa 54:11-13) Zion’s foundations and walls will be precious stones c.f. Revelation 21. Zion’s children will be taught by the LORD.

(Isa 55:1) Come everyone who thirsts to the waters Revelation 22:17. Higher ways & thoughts. God’s word not empty. Cypress replaces thorns.

(Isa 56) The foreigners & eunuchs who keep sabbath brought to holy mountain and their worship accepted in house of prayer for all nations.

(Isa 56:5) To eunuchs I will give within my temple and its walls a memorial c.f. Rev 3:12 Him I will make a pillar in the temple of my God.

(Isa 57:13,21) A collection of idols carried off by wind. Take refuge in God and one possesses & inherits land/holy mountain. Contrite heart

(Isa 58:7,13) God likes the homeless being brought into your family. Doesn’t like idle talk on the Sabbath.

(Isa 59:17) He put on righteousness as a breastplate, helmet of salvation; vengeance for clothing, wrapped himself in zeal as a cloak.

(Isa 59:19f) …his glory from rising of the sun; he will come like rushing stream which the wind of the LORD drives. Redeemer come to Zion

(Isa 60) Gates shall not be shut. The sun shall be no more your light by day. LORD is light. Days of mourning shall be ended. Rev 21:23-25

(Isa 61:1) Spirit of the Lord GOD anointed me to bring good news to the poor; sent to bind up brokenhearted, proclaim liberty to captives.

(Isa 62:5,2) … as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall your God rejoice over you. Given a new name.

(Isa 63:3) God trod the winepress of his wrath and their lifeblood spattered on his garments. Revelation

(Isa 64:1) Oh that you would rend the heavens and come down, that the mountains might quake at your presence– Oh that you would save us.

(Isa 64:6) We have all become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous deeds are like a polluted garment.

(Isa 64:8) But now, O LORD, you are our Father; we are the clay, and you are our potter; we are all the work of your hand.

(Isa 65:17) A new heavens, a earth & Jerusalem. Former things gone-no mourning, no frustrating curse, lions and lambs. Serpent eats dust.

(Isa 65:22) … for like the days of a tree shall the days of my people be, and my chosen shall long enjoy the work of their hands.

(Isa 66:2) But this is the one to whom I will look: he who is humble and contrite in spirit and trembles at my word.

(Isa 66:15) Behold, the LORD will come in fire and his chariots like whirlwind, to render his anger and his rebuke with flames of fire.

(Isa 66:22f) From moon to moon and from Sabbath to Sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship in the new heaven and earth.

(Isa 66:24) God’s people will go out of city & look on dead bodies of rebels, worm not die, fire not quenched, an abhorrence to all flesh.

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(Jer 1:5,9,19) God knew & choose the prophet from before the womb. God touched J’s mouth. J will be fought against.

(Jer 1:10) Jeremiah will pluck up, break down, destroy, overthrow, build and plant nations and kingdoms.

(Jer 2:13) My people have forsaken me, the fountain of living waters, and hewed out cisterns for themselves that are broken & hold no water.

(Jer 3:9,23) Adultery with stone and tree but the hills are a delusion for Israel’s salvation is found in Yahweh

(Jer 4:11-13) A hot wind too strong to winnow or cleanse. Yahweh, behold he comes riding on the clouds. Judgement.

(Jer 4:22-26) J sees the earth without form and void, no light, mountains crumbling, no birds in heavens, no vegetation and no man.

(Jer 5:22; 6:10) The waves may roar and toss but they cannot prevail over God’s set boundaries. Uncircumcised ears.

(Jer 7:16) As for you, do not pray for this people, or lift up a cry or prayer for them, do not intercede with me, for I will not hear you.

(Jer 9:15) God gives Israel bitter food = wormwood and poisonous waters. Rev 8:11 A third of the waters became wormwood … made bitter.

(Jer 10:23) I know, O Lord, that the way of man is not in himself, that it is not in man who walks to direct his steps.

(Jer 11:14) Therefore do not pray for this people, or lift up a cry or prayer on their behalf, for I will not listen

(Jer 11:16,17,19) The Lord who planted you has decreed disaster on you. Jeremiah like a lamb led to slaughter.

(Jer 12:14) God will pluck the nations from their land in judgment and he will pluck his people from among the nations in salvation.

(Jer 13:7,9,11) God cleaved Israel to himself like a loincloth around his waist. Israel’s pride is like a ruined loincloth.

(Jer 13:26) God will life the skirts of his people over their heads exposing their shame for their whoring.

(Jer 14:11-12) Do not pray for the welfare of this people … I will not hear their cry … Seems a repeated theme.

(Jer 15:1) Moses and Samuel were great intercessors but they would not be able to turn God’s heart to his people – not God’s will for them.

(Jer 15:2) Quoted in Revelation 13:10. The judgment of 587 B.C. foreshadows the End time judgment.

(Jer 15) Jeremiah is a suffering servant. For Yahweh’s sake he bears reproach, is alone, has pain. Will be saved, delivered & redeemed.

(Jer 16:2,8) Jeremiah is disengaged from ordinary celebrations of the land because God will bring them to an end. No marriage, children etc

(Jer 16:15) The ‘land of the north’ along with all nations is the oppressor of God’s people. Literally Babylon but takes on a symbolic sense

(Jer 17:7-8) Happy is the man who trusts in Yahweh. He is like a tree beside waters, green, producing fruit – full of life – even in drought

(Jer 17:9) The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately sick; who can understand it? God can.

(Jer 17:19f) Sabbath keeping is noted because Sabbath was sign of Mosaic covenant, represents whole law. Like circum. sign of Abra. covenant

(Jer 18:19f) J. says he will no longer intercede. Instead he accuses Judah and calls for judgment. Jeremiah’s agenda is now same as God’s.

(Jer 17:5-8) Trusting in man, a shrub in desert. Trusting in God, a tree planted by water.

(Jer 19) Himmon Valley = Gehenna associated with exposed dead bodies and fires burning continually as sulphur thrown on garbage and refuse.

(Jer 20) Jeremiah suffers physically with beatings, psychologically with terrors and the depths of despair – wished he had never been born.

(Jer 21) Zedekiah hopes that God will work his past wonders but God’s outreached hand and strong arm to judge not save (c.f. unlike Exodus).

(Jer 22:28,30) The house of David – hurled and cast out of the land. Counted as childless, family line as if extinct with none on the throne

(Jer 23:5-6) A king from David – wise, righteous and just. In his days salvation, peace and Yahweh shall be his people’s righteousness.

(Jer 23) Prophets tell lies. God will feed the false prophets wormwood c.f. Revelation. Judgement will come like a violent storm from Yahweh

(Jer 24:5-7) The first of Judah to go to exile like good figs- God will watch, bring back, plant, give a new heart to and be their God.597BC

(Jer 24:8-10) Those still in land bad figs – God will make horror, a reproach, a byword, a taunt, and a curse, drive away and destroy.587 BC

(Jer 25:9,11) Judah to be devoted to destruction, a horror, a hissing, everlasting desolation, a ruin and a waste. Same for all nations.

(Jer 25:16,27) Wrath like a cup of wine that makes one stagger, fall to rise no more and go crazy.

(Jer 26:6) The temple mount to become like Shiloh. Refused to listen to the prophets.

(Jer 27:22) Temple vessels to be carried to Babylon and remain there until God visits them and restores them to their place.

(Jer 28:8) Prophets usually speak words of war, famine and pestilence.

(Jer 29:5f) In exile build houses, plant gardens, take wives, have children, prosper and pray.

(Jer 30:7) Jacob’s time of trouble from which he will be saved = time of Jerusalem’s destruction by Babylon.

(Jer 30:9) God will raise up David their king. They will be his people and he will be their God c.f. Lev & Rev 21:3

(Jer 31:8,9,12,13) Blind and lame among returnees who will return via streams of water. Their lives like watered gardens of life.

(Jer 31:13) Young women shall rejoice in the dance and young men shall be joyful.

(Jer 31:18) Israel was an untrained calf – not good !

(Jer 31:26) The revelation Jeremiah has is so good that he says "At this I awoke and looked, and my sleep was sweet to me."

(Jer 31:31) A new covenant written on their hearts All shall know the LORD from least to greatest. Iniquity forgiven, sin remembered no more

(Jer 31:15-16) Rachel shall weep no more, neither crying out nor shedding tears.

(Jer 32) Jeremiah buys a field as a sign that houses will again be bought, signed, sealed and witnessed – nothing too hard for the LORD.

(Jer 32:38f) Be their God, undivided heart, fear forever, everlasting covenant, not turn from doing them good but rejoice in doing them good

(Jer 33) God’s covenant for a priest of Levi and a king of David will not be broken but restored.

(Jer 34:18f) Officials, eunuchs, priests, all people will become like calf they cut into two pieces and walked between – a covenant action.

(Jer 35) Sons of Rechab obeyed their father not to drink wine, build house or plant so they will live long in land and stand before LORD.

(Jer 36) The king burns the scroll of Jeremiah’s words on his winter fire but another scroll is written "and many similar words were added"

(Jer 37) There is no point trusting in Egypt when God has decreed judgement. (38:2) Better to accept the judgement and trust God’s word.

(Jer 38) Jeremiah is cast into a cistern but rescued by EbedMelech the Ethiopian -Judah will not listen to God’s word but an Ethiopian will.

(Jer 38:17-18) God gave Judah one last chance to accept judgement & obey his prophetic word. If they had the city would not have been burned

(Jer 38:22) Jeremiah "sank in the mud" in cistern but now Zedekiah’s feet are about to sink in the mud.

(Jer 39) The predicted destruction & exile finally comes to pass and yet still a few are left in the land including Jeremiah & Ebed-Melech.

(Jer 40:2f) Ironic that a Babylonian official has more insight into God’s actions that the people of Judah had.

(Jer 41) Looks like the remnant might perish. Heading to Egypt is not the way to go.

(Jer 42) Starts good – they want prophet’s word, wait 10 days for it and say will obey whether good or bad -but they want Egypt-won’t trust.

(Jer 43) They did not obey the voice of the LORD to stay in land but went to Egypt – the Exodus is now completely undone!

(Jer 44) Two perspectives on the disaster 1.caused by Josiah’s reformation to YHWH and neglecting Q. of H 2. Caused by YHWH’s judgement.

(Jer 45) In context of judgement it is best to fear God and be given one’s life as a prize of war rather than seek after this world.

(Jer 46:27f) Egypt will be judged but Jacob shall be saved, regathered, have quiet and God’s presence with them.

(Jer 47:2,6) Babylon like a flooding river overflowing the land of Philistines in conquest/disaster. Babylon called the sword of the LORD.

(Jer 48:7,25,26) Chemosh will go into exile and Moab’s horn will be cut off and arm broken. Moab will be drunk wallowing in vomit.

(Jer 48:47,49:6) Moab and Ammon will be restored.

(Jer 50:4f,20) Israel & Judah reunited, weeping, seeking the LORD, asking way to Zion, everlasting covenant. Sin removed.

(Jer 50:28) Babylon will fall – vengeance for God’s temple. Judgement has many similarities to that against Moab.

(Jer 50:13) Thread of life cut. Babylon pictured as a wilderness and as covered by the sea (42,64) Leave Babylon (45) Joy in heaven (48) Rev

(Lam 1) No comfort, trodden like a wine press, stretched out hands but ignored. God was righteous in dealing with transgression.

(Lam 2) God has swallowed without mercy, in wrath broken down, burned & consumed in fire, became like an enemy, ruin as vast as sea.

(Lam 3:21f) Call to mind one hope – covenant love that does not cease and great faithfulness in the morning.

(Lam 3:40f) Test, examine ways, return, lift heart and hands to God.

(Lam 4:6,17) Jerusalem’s prolonged judgement was worse than Sodom’s overthrow in a moment. Egypt was a vain hope that could not save.

(Lam 5:1,6f) If God will remember We have become slaves. Sick heart, dim eyes. God reigns.

(Lam 6:20f) Don’t forget us or forsake us many days, restore and renew, ends with have you utterly rejected and still exceedingly angry ???

(Jer 52) So much detail about the temple being built and now its all in pieces .

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