Archive for October, 2010

(1Cor 1:2) The Church described using two common OT designations for Israel ‘the assembly of God’ and ‘holy people’.

(1Cor 1:19) Consistent with the OT, the cross, demonstrates God acting in ways counter to human wisdom c.f. Isa 29:14.

(1Cor 1:24,26) Election – in addition to Jews and Greeks is a third class of people ‘those who are called’.

(1Cor 1:24,26) Election – ‘those who are called’ i.e. the inward call of the Spirit not the general call that is rejected by Jews/Gentiles.

(1Cor 1:27-28) Election – three times in these verses emphasis is placed on God’s choosing people. i.e. God chooses and then he calls.

(1Cor 1:30) Christ is our wisdom, righteousness, sanctification and redemption. Strongly OT concepts.

(1Cor 1:31) Election – God’s choosing not based on any human condition "Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord." c.f. Jer 9:23-24

(1Cor 2:7) Election – The gospel is God’s wisdom decreed before the ages for the glory of the chosen-called ones

(1Cor 2:8-11,14) Election – God’s wisdom. Gospel, can only be understood by those who have received the Spirit and had it revealed to them.

(1Cor 3:5; 4:1) Paul and Apollos are servants of the Lord. This description is used of prophets in the OT and especially in Isa 40-66

(1Cor 3:17) The Church described as a greater expression of the OT temple as a holy place.

(1Cor 5:1,13) NT & Law have same sexual prohibitions cf Lev 18:8 and same punishment i.e. cut off from the assembly (church) e.g. Deu 22:24.

(1Cor 5:7) Christ is our Passover Lamb c.f. Exo 12.

(1Cor 5:8) The removal of yeast in OT Feast of Unleavened Bread pointed to removal of sin.

(1Cor 6:2) The saints to judge the world c.f. Dan 7:22,10-9.

(1Cor 6:16) Two become one flesh c.f. Gen 2:24.

(1Cor 6:19) Individual believers are temples indwelt by God’s Spirit c.f. Tabernacle and Solomon’s temple.

(1Cor 7:19) For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God.

(1Cor 8:13) A new kind of food law that radically differs from the food laws of Lev 11.

(1Cor 9:9-10) OT laws such as not muzzling an ox treading grain are directly relevant to NT believers.

(1Cor 10:1-2) Passing through the Red Sea as a baptism into Moses and foreshadowing of Christian baptism.

(1Cor 10:3-4) Israelites in the wilderness ate spiritual food and spiritual drink.

(1Cor 10:4) … they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.

(1 Cor 10:2-4) I will need to read up on what this means.

(1Cor 10:6,10) Israel’s rebellion in wilderness took place as examples for us that we might not desire evil. Written for instruction.

(1Cor 11:1-16) Paul’s directions about gender are based on Genesis 1-3.

(1Co 11:25) "This cup is the new covenant in my blood." c.f. Exo 24:8; Jer 31:31.

(1Co 13:12-13) When Christ returns faith and hope will end in their realization but love will always continue and in this sense is greater.

(1Co 14:21-22) Tongues are for unbelievers as a sign of judgment c.f. Deu 28:49, Isa 28:11-12; Jer 5:15.

(1Co 14:39) As in the OT, prophecy and divine speech are part of the life of the people of God.

(1Co 15:3-4) Chris died for our sins according to the OT Scriptures and was raised according to the OT Scriptures.

(1Cor 15:20-24) Christ is the first fruits of the resurrection offered to God c.f. the OT festival of first fruits.

(1Co 15:21-22) There is both a first Adam and a second Adam – a representative man with whom others have corporate solidarity.

(1Co 15:24-28) Christ receives the kingdom and all things placed under his feet c.f. Psa 8:6; Dan 7:14.

(1Co 15:32-33) Paul bases his ethical teaching on the OT c.f. Isa 22:13.

(1Cor 15:45-49) We bear the likeness of both first Adam and second Adam – a representative man with whom others have corporate solidarity.

(1Co 15:51-52) A mystery, not all sleep, changed, in a moment, in twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet, dead will be raised imperishable

(1Co 15:55) In Hos 13:14 God invites death to have victory and sting in judgment. Paul reverses to indicate its defeat.

(1Cor 16:1-2) The setting aside and storing of goods for a collection to be shared with the poor is consistent with OT practices.

(1Co 16:22) Paul uses the OT description of being devoted to destruction to refer to those who have no love for the Lord i.e. accursed.

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(1Thes 1:4-6) Chosen – evidenced by God’s love, the Spirit’s power at work upon them, , joy.

(1Thes 3:13) Christ’s coming with his holy ones c.f. Deu 33:2, Zec 14:5.

(1Thes 4:7) God calls his people to be holy and not unclean. These concepts come from Leviticus.

(1Thes 5:2-3) The phrase ‘day of the Lord’ comes from the OT prophets as does the comparison to labor pains that come upon a pregnant woman.

(1Thes 5:8) The Christian’s armor is the same as God’s in Isa 59:17 – breastplate righteousness (i.e. faith and love) & helmet of salvation.

(2Thes 1:6-10) OT described God coming to judge the nations in order to bring relief and deliverance for his people e.g. exiles in Babylon.

(2Thes 1:7) Christ’s coming with his holy ones c.f. Deu 33:2, Zec 14:5.

(2Thes 2:3-4) Opposes and exalts himself above every god or idol c.f. Dan 11:36. Takes his seat in the temple of God c.f. Dan 11:45.

(2Thes 2:6-7) I think Michael as in Dan 12:1 is the restrainer. notes – Michael as the restrainer.pdf

(2Thes 2:7,8,9) ‘Man of Lawlessness’ c.f. Dan 7:25 and his foreshadowing by Antiochus Epiphanies as described in Daniel.

(2Thes 2:8) The destruction of the antichrist by the fire that comes from Christ’s mouth cf. Dan 7:10-11.

(2Th 2:13-14) Election – loved by the Lord, God chose to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and called to believe in the truth.

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(Gal 1:15-16) Paul was set apart by God before he was born to preach to the nations c.f. Same words as of Jeremiah Jer 1:5.

(Gal 2:12-14) In OT one purpose of the food laws in Lev 11 was to emphasize the divide between Israel as God’s people from the nations.

(Gal 2:12-14) Peter’s observing food laws of Lev 11 was wrong because it was a denial of God’s work of including nations within his people.

(Gal 2:16) The OT Law of Moses was unable to justify sinners but Christ does.

(Gal 3:6) Abraham is an example of justification by faith alone.

(Gal 3:7,9) One becomes a son of Abraham by faith and also an heir of the promises.

(Gal 3:8) The OT predicted that God would justify the Gentiles by faith.

(Gal 3:8) The OT preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, "In you shall all the nations be blessed."

(Gal 3:10) The Law shows that we are sinners and cursed due to disobedience.

(Gal 3:11) The OT says that the righteous shall live by faith c.f. Hab 2:4.

(Gal 3:13) Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us c.f Deu 21:23 Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree.

(Gal 3:14) In Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham comes to the Gentiles.

(Gal 3:16) The promises were made to Abraham and to his seed i.e. Christ.

(Gal 3:17-19) The inheritance is given on basis of a promise. The Law was given to restrain sin.

(Gal 3:24-26) The law was a pedagogue until the coming of Christ.

(Gal 3:29) If you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise.

(Gal 4:21-31) Abraham had a son according to the flesh by a slave woman and a son according to the promise (the Spirit) by a free woman.

(Gal 4:21-31) Allegory. Hagar’s son = Sinai, earthly Jerusalem, Israel according to flesh.

(Gal 4:21-31) Allegory. Sarah’s son = heavenly Jerusalem, Israel according to the Spirit.

(Gal 5:2-6) Being circumcised as a sign of the old covenant is to reject Christ’s grace and come under curse.

(Gal 5:14-26)The Law of Moses is fulfilled by loving one’s neighbour and this is made possible through the work of the Spirit.

(Gal 6:15) Being Israel according to the flesh does not count for anything. What counts is being a new creation.

(Gal 6:16) The Israel of God are God’s chosen people, sons of Abraham according to the Spirit who have faith in Christ.

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Acts and OT

(Acts 1:4-5) The promise of the Father is the OT promise to pour out the Spirit i.e. Israel’s spiritual regeneration.

(Act 1:8) Spirit-empowered witness beginning at Jerusalem and going out to all nations is a strong theme in Isaiah 40-66.

(Act 1:9-11) Jesus riding the clouds of heaven and the presence of angelic beings indicates an eschatological event c.f. Dan 7:13-14.

(Acts 1:15-20) Judas’ betrayal of Jesus was according to the OT scriptures c.f. Psa 69:25; 109:8-15.

(Act 1:23-26) Sovereign choosing. Matthias chosen as an apostle. The lot is cast but result is God-determined c.f. Pro 16:33.

(Acts 2:1) Pentecost – the anniversary of the giving of the Law at Sinai.

(Acts 2:2-4) A mighty wind, fire and prophetic speech are characteristic of an OT theophany. God’s presence and Skekinah glory.

(Acts 2:5) Devout Jews from every nation under heaven gathered in Jerusalem c.f. OT prophetic overtures.

(Acts 2:9-11) Nations of the exile. Acts of the risen Christ are of like kind as the OT "mighty works of God".

(Acts 2:16-21) Pentecost fulfills Joel 2 and other prophetic writings that foretold God’s pouring out of his Spirit on the whole nation.

(Acts 2:19-21) Apocalyptic description of the last days that have already broken in with the pouring out of the Spirit.

(Acts 2:22) Jesus is like Moses, having performed "mighty works and wonders and signs".

(Acts 2:23) Sovereignty. Jesus was killed "according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God".

(Acts 2:24-28) David’s being saved from sickness in Psa 16 foreshadowed Christ’s deliverance from death.

(Acts 2:30-31) David was "a prophet" who "foresaw and spoke about the resurrection of the Christ".

(Act 2:33) Jesus is exalted to the right hand of God c.f. Dan 7.

(Acts 2:34-36) Christ fulfills Psa 110 – "The LORD said to my Lord, sit at my right".

(Act 2:39) Salvation is "the promise", is "for you and for your seed" i.e. "everyone whom the Lord our God calls to himself" c.f. election.

(Acts 2:43) The apostolic age of signs and wonders is of like kind as the Exodus.

(Acts 2:44-45) The Spirit causes the Law to be maximized in the lives of God’s people c.f. the Law’s concern for the poor.

(Act 3:13) Jesus is firmly set within the OT story i.e. "The God of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob glorified his servant, Jesus"

(Acts 3:18,22-25) Everything about Jesus was foretold by the prophets from Samuel on. Jesus is the prophet like Moses c.f. Deu 18:18.

(Acts 4:11) Jesus is the stone the leaders rejected c.f. Psa 118:22-23; Isa 28:16.

(Acts 4:25-28) David as a prophet spoke of Christ’s being opposed and raised in Psa 2. Strong theme of David speaking of Christ in Acts.

(Acts 4:28) Sovereignty. The actions of evil men did what "your hand and your plan had predestined to take place".

(Act 4:30) Exodus like language "stretch out your hand to heal and perform signs and wonders through the name of your holy servant Jesus."

(Act 5:12) Exodus language used of Moses now used of the apostles – "many signs and wonders were done among the people by hands of apostles.

(Act 5:30) The God of our fathers raised Jesus, whom you killed by hanging him on a tree. c.f. Deu 21:22-23.

(Acts 6:3) In Exo 31:3 craftsmen of Spirit and wisdom built the tabernacle. Now men "full of the Spirit and of wisdom" build up the church.

(Act 7:9-10) Like Joseph, Christ was the object of jealousy, rejected, God was with him, rescued, made ruler.

(Act 7:22-27,35-36) Like Moses, Christ – wise, mighty in his words, sign & wonders, salvation through work of his hands, rejected by Israel.

(Act 7:37-39) Christ is the prophet like Moses whom Moses predicted would come and like Moses met with a refusal to obey.

(Act 7:52) As done to the prophets who announced the coming of the Righteous One so Christ betrayed and murdered.

(Act 7:55-56) Stephen saw heavens opened and the son of man standing at the right hand of God c.f. Dan 7:13-14.

(Act 8:6-9) Philip does signs and wonders c.f. Exodus and Isa 35.

(Act 8:1-25) Pouring out of the Spirit on Samaritans of the old northern kingdom fulfils OT promises of reuniting Israel under David/Christ.

(Act 8:32-35) Philip says the suffering servant of Isa 53 is Christ.

(Act 8:39-40) the Spirit of the Lord carried Philip away and the eunuch saw him no more c.f. Elijah 1Ki 18:12.

(Act 9:8-9) Saul’s blindness is a sign of being under the covenant curse c.f. Deu 28:28-29.

(Act 9:15-16) Saul is called to be a suffering servant of the LORD who speaks to Israel and the nations c.f. Isa 49:6.

(Act 9:20) Saul proclaims Christ to be the son of God c.f. Psa 2.

(Act 9:40-41) Peter’s raising of dead presents him as one through whom God works comparable to Elijah/Elisha c.f. 1Ki 17:19-23; 2Ki 4:32-36

(Act 10:13-14,28) c.f. Eze 4:12-13. Ezekiel & Peter commanded by God to eat unclean food to indicate break down of Jew/Gentile distinction.

(Act 10:13-14,28) Ezekiel – judgment as Jews become as Gentiles (not God’s people). Peter – grace as Gentiles become part of God’s people.

(Act 10:38) God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. c.f. OT judges, prophets and kings.

(Act 10:39) Christ hung upon a tree under the covenant curse. C.f. Deu 2:22-23.

(Act 10:43) All the prophets bear witness that everyone who believes in Christ receives forgiveness of sins through his name.

(Act 10:44-46) Pouring out of the Spirit on all Gentiles was NOT seen in the OT!!!

(Act 11:15-18) Pouring out of the Spirit on all Gentiles was NOT seen in the OT!!!

(Act 11:19-30) In OT Syria was a traditional enemy of God’s people. Now Antioch in Syria become part of God’s people through the Spirit.

(Act 11:19-30) In OT Syria took food from Israel by force. Now Antioch in Syria send food to Jerusalem to help them in famine.

(Act 12:23) Being struck down by the angel of the LORD in judgment is a common concept in OT especially re: sins against God c.f. 1Ch 13:10.

(Act 13:11) Elymas the magician makes crooked God’s ways and is struck blind as a covenant curse c.f. Deu 28:28-29. c.f. Pharaoh’s magicians

(Act 13:27-32) The OT prophets spoke of Christ – his rejection, his being hung on a tree and of God raising him back from the dead.

(Acts 13:32-37) Jesus is the son of David c.f. Psa 2, inherits the promises made to David c.f. Isa 55:3, is raised from the dead c.f. Psa 16

(Acts 13:38-39) Through Jesus comes a release from sin for everything that you could not be released from by the Law of Moses.

(Act 13:40-41) The OT prophets warn against the hardness of heart that rejects Jesus. c.f. Hab 1:5.

(Acts 13:46-49) The Lord made Paul and co. "a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring salvation to the ends of the earth" c.f. Isa 49:6.

(Acts 13:48) Election "… and as many as were appointed to eternal life believed."

(Acts 14:3) Exodus language – signs and wonders.

(Acts 14:8-10) The raising of the lame in Jesus’ name foreshadows resurrection but is also a sign the new age has dawned c.f. Isa 35.

(Acts 14:14-17) As servants of the LORD, Barnabas and Paul call for the nations to turn from idolatry. This is a strong theme in Isa 40-66.

(Acts 14:14-17) Isa 40-66 themes – servant of the LORD, light to Gentiles, proclamation to nations, call to turn from idolatry.

(Acts 14:17) Sovereignty and common grace – God gives rain, food and gladness.

(Act 15:12) God worked signs and wonders among the Gentiles c.f. Exodus language.

(Acts 15:13-18) The Gentiles coming to faith fulfills OT prophecy of the restoration of David’s kingdom. c.f. Amos 9:11-12.

(Acts 15:28-29) Gentile Christians are to obey general thrust of the Law in avoiding idolatry (love God) & sexual immorality (love others).

(Acts 16:14) Election. The Lord opened Lydia’s heart …

(Acts 16:17) Girl possessed by python spirit refers to ‘servants of Most High God’ and ‘the way of salvation’. Isaiah 40-66 type language.

(Acts 17:2-3,11) Paul reasons from the OT that Jesus is the Christ who had to suffer and rise from the dead. Bereans study OT daily.

(Acts 17:16,23-29) Paul preaches against idolatry using concepts drawn from Isaiah 40-66 i.e. living God contrasted with statues of idols.

(Acts 18:9-10) Election. Jesus tells Paul that he has many people in Corinth even though they aren’t converted yet. His people by election.

(Acts 18:28) The OT Scriptures convince that Jesus is the Lord’s promised Christ.

(Acts 19:19) Fulfills Isaiah 40-66 that the servant(s) of the LORD would turn the nations from idolatry and magic.

(Acts 20:28-29) As in the OT, God’s people are both led by godly shepherds as well as at times oppressed by wicked leaders like wolves.

(Acts 21:20) Thousands of Jews who believed in Jesus expressed their faith in zeal for the OT law.

(Acts 21:23-27) Paul was willing to practice the OT cultic law, including sacrifice, for the sake of the gospel.

(Acts 21:25) Gentiles to obey the law of Moses regarding not practicing sexual immorality and idolatry.

(Acts 22:12) Ananias as a Christian is a devout man according to the OT law.

(Acts 22:21) "I will send you far away to the Gentiles" i.e. Paul is a servant of the LORD in an Isa 40-66 kind of way.

(Acts 23:5) Paul regards OT law as authoritative not because he is under the law but rather in Christ able to obey the law c.f. Exo 22:28.

(Act 24:14-15) The Christian hope is the resurrection of both the just and the unjust as laid down by the Law and written in the Prophets.

(Act 24:17) Paul as abiding by OT cultic law i.e. in the temple, gifts for the poor (in OT Levites, aliens, fatherless), sacrifices, clean.

(Act 26:6-8) Paul summarizes his faith as the hope of the twelves tribes of Israel, that is, that God raises the dead.

(Act 26:13-14,16) Paul’s conversion vision of Jesus is much like OT encounters with heavenly beings.

(Act 26:16) Paul appointed a servant and witness of God’s work. Sent to Gentiles to open eyes so turn from darkness to light. Very Isa 40-66

(Act 26:22-23,27) Paul’s faith is in what the prophets and Moses said would come to pass …

(Act 26:22-23,27) … that Christ would suffer, first to rise from dead, and proclaim light both to our people and to the Gentiles.

(Acts 26:16,22-23) Christ is THE servant of the LORD opening eyes, gives light to the Gentiles. His followers become servants like Christ.

(Act 28:20) Paul’s faith is "the hope of Israel".

(Act 28:23) Every day in Rome Paul expounded the Law of Moses and the Prophets to testify to the kingdom of God & convince them about Jesus.

(Act 28:24-28) Jews’ rejection of gospel fulfils Isa 6:9-10 – dull hearts, blocked ears, closed eyes so not turn and be forgiven.

(Act 28:28) OT foresaw both rejection of the gospel by the Jews and salvation of God being accepted by the Gentiles c.f. Isa 40-66.

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“[Wisdom] is a tree of life to those who lay hold of her; those who hold her fast are called blessed.”

Proverbs 3:18

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Auditory – Beautiful songs and instruments and choirs

Touch – laying of hands in confession or benediction

Taste – Old Testament feasts

Sight – engravings, tapestries, pillars

Smell – aromas of incense

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When overtaken by a fault, there is passionate relenting and bitter mourning. O my reader, do you know what it is to be melted before God, for you to be heartbroken with anguish over sinning against and grieving such a Savior? Ah, it is not the absence of sin, but the grieving over it which distinguishes the child of God from empty professors.

Source: Saving Faith: Its Evidences by A.W. Pink (1886-1952)

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