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Archive for November 26th, 2010

George Whitefield wrote in a letter: ‘Two things I would earnestly recommend to your constant study: the book of God, and your own heart.

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(1Pe 1-5) Lots of examples of OT descriptions of Israel being applied to Church because church is the one continued people of God from OT.

(1Pe 1:1) Christians are called by an OT description of Israel i.e. those who are elect exiles of the dispersion.

(1Pe 1:2) Elect according to foreknowledge (fore-knowing-love) of God, in sanctification of Spirit, for obedience to Jesus and …

(1Pe 1:2) sprinkling of his blood refers to OT cleansing by being sprinkled with the blood of a sacrifice.

(1Pe 1:4) "inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, unfading, kept in heaven" – inheritance like Canaan but New Jerusalem from heaven.

(1Pe 1:7,13) Eschatology – second coming of Jesus is called his apokalupsis.

(1Pe 1:10-12) The OT prophets inquired carefully inquiring what person or time the Spirit of CHRIST in them was indicating …

(1Pe 1:10-12) … when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories.

(1Pe 1:14-17) Christian behavior is on same basis as Israel at Sinai – "You shall be holy, for I am holy." c.f. Lev 11:44,45; 19:2; 20:7.

(1Pe 1:17) Our time on earth is called "the time of your exile" – OT language.

(1Pe 1:18-19) Redeemed with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot c.f. OT sacrifices.

(1Pe 1:20) Jesus was foreknown (fore-known-loved) before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times.

(1Pe 1:24-25) Peter again bases his ethical exhortation on the OT c.f. Isa 40:6-8 – a very messianic chapter of the new age.

(1Pe 2:4-6) Jesus is a living stone rejected by men but the cornerstone of a God-built temple made of living stones (people) c.f. Isa 28:16.

(1Pe 2:5) Christians are the new restored temple, priesthood and acceptable sacrifices.

(1Pe 2:7-8) Sovereignty – Some people stumble over stone because they disobey the word as they were destined to do c.f. Psa 118:22; Isa 8:14

(1Pe 2:9) Christians = chosen race, royal priesthood, holy nation etc. Peter applies OT description of Israel to Church c.f. Exo 19:5-6.

(1Pe 2:10) Once not a people, but now God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy. c.f. Hos 1:9-10; 2:23

(1Pe 2:11) "as sojourners and exiles" – OT description of Patriarchs and Israel.

(1Pe 2:12) Second coming called "the day of visitation" – a very OT description of God coming to act e.g. in Exodus or in judgment.

(1Pe 2:13-14) Sovereignty -God sets up secular governments.

(1Pe 2:16) OT description – "as servants of God".

(1Pe 2:22-23) He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth i.e. insight of OT prophets c.f. Isa 53:9.

(1Pe 2:24) He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree c.f. Deu 21:22-23. By his wounds you have been healed c.f. Isa 53:5-6.

(1Pe 2:25) "the Shepherd" – Psa 23:1-3, Psa 80:1; Son 1:7-8; Isa 40:11; Eze 34:11-16, Eze 34:23-24, Eze 37:24; Zec 13:7.

(1Pe 3:4-6) Sarah is an OT model of how Christian women should live.

(1Pe 3:7) Women as co-heirs – inheritance is OT shadow description but now women are co-heirs.

(1Pe 3:9-12) Again Peter uses the OT as the basis for Christian ethical living c.f. Psa 34:12-16.

(1Pe 3:19-20) Christ preached (through the Spirit in the prophet Noah) to the people (spirits) who are now in Hades (prison).

(1Pe 3:20-21) The waters of Noah’s flood involved both judgment and salvation (a passing though) – this corresponds to Christian baptism.

(1Pe 4:5) Eschatology – final judgment i.e. him who is ready to judge the living and the dead.

(1Pe 4:13; 5:1) Second coming is Jesus’ glory being revealed (apokalupsis).

(1Pe 4:18) "If the righteous is scarcely saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?" c.f. Pro 11:31.

(1Pe 5:4) Second Coming – chief Shepherd c.f. Psa 23:1-3, Psa 80:1; Son 1:7-8; Isa 40:11; Eze 34:11-16, Eze 34:23-24, Eze 37:24; Zec 13:7.

(1Pe 5:5) Christian ethical instruction based on OT c.f. Pro 3:34. OT still applies to people of God empowered to obey it through the Spirit

(1Pe 5:10) Salvation & election – God of all grace, who has called you will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, establish.

(1Pe 5:13) The chosen assembly who is at Babylon … OT description of Israel in Babylon now applied to Church in the world.

(2Pe 1:5-10) Make your calling and election sure by faith, virtue, knowledge, self-control, steadfastness, godliness, brotherly affection.

(2Pe 1:16) Jesus’ earthly ministry described as dunamis (power) and parousia (coming).

(2Pe 1:17) Jesus seen in midst of Shekinah Glory. "This is my beloved Son (Psa 2) with whom I am well pleased (Isa 42).

(2Pe 1:19-21) OT prophets spoke of Christ.

(2Pe 1:19) Jesus’ second coming compared to the day dawning and the morning star rising c.f. Num 24:17; Rev 22:16

(2Pe 2:1-3) Just as in the OT there were false prophets so also in the NT.

(2Pe 2:4) God’s casting fallen angels into Tartarus & in chains in gloomy darkness to be kept until judgment is a sign of future judgment.

(2Pe 2:5-6) God’s flooding the ancient world and causing Sodom & Gomorrah to become extinct is an example of future judgment.

(2Pe 2:5-9) God’s preserving Noah, a herald of righteousness, and Lot shows that the Lord is able to rescue the godly from trials.

(2Pe 2:15-16) False teachers compared to Balaam the son of Beor.

(2Pe 2:17) False teachers are waterless springs and mists driven by a storm. For them the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved.

(2Pe 2:22) False teachers c.f. Pro 26:11: "The dog returns to its own vomit, and sow, after washing herself, returns to wallow in the mire."

(2Pe 3:4-7) Scoffers forget the world was once destroyed by water at God’s word and that by a word the world will be destroyed by fire.

(2Pe 3:7,10-12) The day of the Lord will come like a thief, and then the heavens will pass away with a roar and be burned up & dissolved …

(2Pe 3:7,10-12) … and the earth and the works that are done on it will be exposed.

(2Pe 3:13) But according to his promise we are waiting for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.

(2Pe 3:14) Be diligent to be found by him without spot or blemish i.e. like a perfect animal sacrifice.

(2Pe 3:15-16) Peter places Paul’s letters on the same level as the OT Scriptures.

(Jud 1:1) Election & Preservation of the saints – called and loved in God the Father and kept for Jesus Christ.

(Jud 1:3) Saints – OT description of the people of God.

(Jud 1:5) Jesus saved a people out of the land of Egypt but afterwards destroyed those who did not believe.

(Jud 1:6) God’s casting fallen angels into Tartarus, putting them in chains in gloomy darkness to be kept is a sign of future judgment.

(Jud 1:7) Sodom and Gomorrah serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire.

(Jud 1:8-10) A strange story of the archangel Michael, contending with the devil and disputing about the body of Moses.

(Jud 1:11) False prophets compared with the way of Cain, Balaam’s error and Korah’s rebellion.

(Jud 1:12) Judgment using OT pictures – waterless clouds swept along by winds; fruitless trees; in late autumn, twice dead, uprooted

(Jud 1:13) wild waves of the sea casting up the foam; wandering stars, for whom the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved forever.

(Jud 1:14-15) Enoch prophesied Jesus’ coming c.f. 1 Enoch. 1:9 The Lord to come with ten thousands of his holy ones to execute judgment.

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