Archive for November 24th, 2010

Mark and OT

(Mar 1:1) The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God sort of Genesis 1 like.

(Mar 1:2-5) John’s crying in the wilderness fulfils OT hope of God doing a new work in the wilderness c.f. Isa 40.

(Mar 1:6) John is described in terms that recall Elijah – clothed with camel’s hair, leather belt around waist and ate locusts & wild honey.

(Mar 1:7-8) In Isa 40 the one who comes after John is God!

(Mar 1:8) OT prophetic hope was that God would pour out/baptize with the Holy Spirit.

(Mar 1:10) The heavens being torn open and the Spirit descending is eschatological last days kind of language.

(Mar 1:10) Does the dove point to Noah’s dove i.e. a sign of new creation?

(Mar 1:11) Voice from heaven "You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased." i.e. Davidic king & suffering servant c.f. Psa 2; Isa 42.

(Mar 1:12) The Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness.

(Mar 1:13) In the wilderness forty days tempted by Satan. Recalls the failures of both Adam in the garden and Israel in the wilderness.

(Mar 1:13) The angels were ministering to him. c.f. Psa 91:11-12.

(Mar 1:14-15) Proclamation that the time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand is eschatological.

(Mar 1:21-22) Jesus teaching the OT law and prophets in the synagogue.

(Mar 1:23-24) Unclean spirit (OT category) calls Jesus "the Holy One of God" which is what Isaiah’s favourite title for God.

(Mar 1:27) The obedience of unclean spirits and their being driven out is eschatological.

(Mar 1:32-34) Jesus’ power-acts of healing points to the eschatological fulfilment of Isa 35:3-5. The kingdom of new age is breaking through

(Mar 1:40-42) Jesus’ touching a leper ought to render him unclean but instead makes the leper clean (whole).

(Mar 1:44) Jesus sends the leper to the priest to offer sacrifice for cleansing so that the Law of Moses will testify to Christ.

(Mar 2:5-7) Forgiveness of sin in OT was God’s prerogative alone.

(Mar 2:11-12) Jesus’ healing the paralytic points to the eschatological fulfilment of Isa 35:3-5. Kingdom of the new age is breaking through

(Mar 2:21-22) The new wine of the gospel needs new wineskins of understanding. Cannot be contained within OT interpretations of Pharisees.

(Mar 2:23-28) Jesus restores the OT Sabbath to its original purpose.

(Mar 2:23-28) Jesus shows that the OT law is not intended to do away with God’s mercy …

(Mar 2:23-28) c.f. the example of David in OT eating the sacred bread when he was hungry.

(Mar 3:1-5) Jesus shows that the OT law is not intended to do away with God’s mercy by healing the man with the withered hand.

(Mar 3:7-8) Crowds from Galilee, Judea, Jerusalem, Idumea, beyond the Jordan and around Tyre and Sidon i.e. the whole OT kingdom of David.

(Mar 3:27) Eschatological – the strong man is being bound by Jesus and his house plundered.

(Mar 4:2) Jesus teaches in parables c.f. Psa 78:2.

(Mar 4:10-12) Jesus speaks in parables to obscure and hide truth c.f. Isa 6:9-10.

(Mar 4:10-12) Election – to some has been given the secret of the kingdom of God but others have truth hidden.

(Mar 4:30-32) The parable of the mustard seed reveals a slow growth of the kingdom that was something of a mystery to the OT prophets.

(Mar 4:37-40) In OT only God could command the wind and sea that it would obey him.

(Mar 5:1-5,11-13) OT concepts of uncleanness – Gentile country, spirits, dead bodies, bleeding, pigs. Jesus makes a very unclean man clean.

(Mar 5:22-42) Touch with a woman with bleeding (loss of life) & with a dead body ought to render Jesus very unclean but he makes them clean.

(Mar 5:41-42) In OT Elijah and Elisha raised the dead with ritual and prayer but Jesus just speaks a word of command.

(Mar 6:15) The crowd recognises that Jesus is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old.

(Mar 6:34) "they were like sheep without a shepherd" – OT language c.f. Num 27:17; Jer 50:6; Zec 10:2.

(Mar 6:41) Jesus is the good shepherd who feeds the sheep and a prophet like Moses in giving them ‘bread from heaven’.

(Mar 6:48-49) In the OT walking on the water was characteristic of God alone c.f. Job 9:8; Psa 93:4.

(Mar 6:48) Jesus was about to "pass by them". Phrase is used of God’s presence and glory passing by Moses & Elijah in Exo 32-34 and 2Ki 19.

(Mar 7:6-7) Jesus describes leaders with Isa 29:13 – This people in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.

(Mar 7:8-13) Pharisees leave the commandment of God and replace it with the tradition of men.

(Mar 7:15-23) Jesus redefines OT concept of what defiles a man and makes him unclean – not food coming in but rather attitudes going out.

(Mar 7:24-30) Jesus shows that the division between clean Jewish sheep and unclean Gentile dogs is broken down by faith.

(Mar 7:31-36) Applying spittle to a man according to Law of Moses made unclean but Jesus’ spit makes clean and whole – healing of deaf.

(Mar 7:37) The astonished crowd testify that Jesus filflls Isa 35:3-5 – He does all things well & even makes the deaf hear & the mute speak.

(Mar 8:17-18) Jesus asks his disciples if they too are like the idolaters of Isa 6:9-10.

(Mar 8:22-25) Jesus’ two stage healing of the blind points to him as being the one who provides gradual spiritual revelation and sight.

(Mar 8:28-29) The crowds recognise Jesus as being in the line of OT prophets. Peter recognises Jesus as being the promised Son of David.

(Mar 8:31) The Son of Man must suffer, be rejected, killed, and after three days rise again c.f. suffering servant with Dan 7:13-14; Ps 16.

(Mar 8:38; 9:1) The Son of Man will comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels and with power.

(Mar 9:1)Eschatology – Some will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God after it has come with power. The kngdom is now.

(Mar 9:2-3) Jesus on a mount takes on appearance of divine glory – clothes became intensely white c.f. Moses reflecting glory on Mt Sinai.

(Mar 9:4) Moses and Elijah testify to Jesus.

(Mar 9:7) A cloud overshadowed them (OT Shekinah glory).

(Mar 9:7) A voice came out of cloud, "This is my beloved Son" c.f. combines phrases from Psa 2; Isa 42 i.e. David king & suffering servant.

(Mar 9:11-13) John the Baptist was the Elijah prophesied in Mal 4 to come before the coming of God.

(Mar 9:31) The Son of Man must suffer, be rejected, killed, and after three days rise again c.f. suffering servant with Dan 7:13-14; Ps 16.

(Mar 9:43,45,47) Jesus describes hell as Gehenna the OT valley outside Jerusalem of perpetual burning of idolatrous sacrifices and rubbish.

(Mar 9:48) Where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched c.f. Isa 66:24.

(Mar 10:1) Jesus preaches in the wilderness of Elijah – something significant is happening.

(Mar 10:5) Jesus says that the Law of Moses allowing divorce was to restrain the sinfulness of hard hearts.

(Mar 10:6-9) Jesus reveals the true intention of the Law of Moses relating to marriage i.e. covenant = forsake and hold fast c.f. Gen 2:24.

(Mar 10:8) c.f. Gen 2:24 "one flesh" – a physically accurate description of an unfathomable mystery of joy and glory unique in this age.

(Mar 10:18) "Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone (OT claim). Subtly implies Jesus is God.

(Mar 10:19-21) Jesus says eternal life comes through obeying the OT commandments and following him.

(Mar 10:23-27) Salvation is impossible apart from an act of divine intervention i.e. camel, eye of a needle,, all things possible with God.

(Mar 10:33-34) Son of Man will be delivered over to the Gentiles (OT sign of divine judgment) …

(Mar 10:33-34) … condemned to death, mocked, spat in, flogged, killed c.f. suffering servant of Isa 53.

(Mar 10:34) After three days he will rise c.f. Psa 16:10-11.

(Mar 10:38) "drink the cup" i.e. OT cup of suffering i.e. an OT picture of suffering.

(Mar 10:38) "be baptized" i.e. overwhelmed and submerged under waters – not literal but a picture of OT suffering c.f. many Psalms.

(Mar 10:45) For the Son of Man came not to give his life as a ransom for many c.f. Isa 53:11-12 and references to ‘the many’ in these verses

(Mar 10:45) For the Son of Man came not to give his life as a ransom. A ransom is the cost of redemption (OT concept).

(Mar 10:46-48) Bartimaeus repeatedly identifies Jesus as the OT’s Son of David.

(Mar 11:1-7) Jesus riding into Jerusalem on a donkey fulfills c.f. Zec 9:9.

(Mar 11:8-10) "Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! c.f. Psa 118:26.

(Mar 11:12-14; 12:1) The parables of the fig tree and vineyard are similar to Isa 5:1-4.

(Mar 11:15-18) "My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations" c.f. Isa 56:7 "you have made it a den of robbers" c.f. Jer 7:11.

(Mar 12:1; 11:12-14) The parables of the fig tree and vineyard are similar to Isa 5:1-4.

(Mar 12:10-11) "stone builders rejected has become cornerstone this was Lord’s doing and it is marvelous in our eyes’?" c.f. Psa 118:22-23.

(Mar 12:24-27) Jesus quotes OT – ‘I am the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob’ to demonstrate the reality of resurrection c.f. Exo 3:6.

(Mar 12:28-31) Jesus summarizes the Law as loving God and loving one’s neighbour c.f. Deu 6:4-5; Lev 19:18.

(Mar 12:35-36) Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right until I put your enemies under your feet" c.f. Psa 110:1 i.e. Jesus greater than David.

(Mar 13:5-10) Precursors to end – false messiahs, wars, earthquakes, famines – birth pains. Persecution & world wide gospel proclamation.

(Mar 13:14-19) The dreadful destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. foreshadowing the end.

(Mar 13:14) The abomination of desolation standing where it ought not to be (let the reader understand) c.f. Dan 9:27; 11:31; 12:11.

(Mar 13:20) God will cut short days of tribulation that commenced after his resurrection for the sake of his elect – cut short by his return

(Mar 13:24-27) Tribulation then sun/moon/stars go dark c.f. Isa 13:10; 34:4 then Son of Man coming in clouds c.f. Dan 7:13-14 then

(Mar 13:24-27) then he will send out angels & gather his elect from four winds, from ends of earth to ends of heaven (post-trib rapture).

(Mar 14:21) The Son of Man will die as it is written of him in OT.

(Mar 14:24-25) This is my blood of the covenant c.f. Exo 24:8; Zec 9:11; Jer 31:31 which is poured out for many c.f. Isa 53:11-12.

(Mar 14:26) And when they had sung a hymn i.e. Psalms 113-118 which relate closely to the cross.

(Mar 14:27) The fleeing of the disciples fulfils Zec 13:7 – ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’

(Mar 14:34) And he said to them, "My soul is very sorrowful, even to death" – like an OT Psalmist.

(Mar 14:35) "the hour" i.e. hour of judgment like in OT.

(Mar 14:36) "remove this cup from me" i.e. cup of judgment like in OT.

(Mar 14:36) "Yet not what I will, but what you will." c.f. Jesus in the garden is very different to Adam in the garden.

(Mar 14:49) Jesus’ arrest in the darkness is so that the Scriptures would be fulfilled.

(Mar 14:62) "You will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven." c.f. Dan 7:13-14.

(Mar 15:1) Jesus being bound, led away & handed over to Gentiles is classic OT language taken into exile and being under God’s judgment.

(Mar 15:23) They offered him wine mixed with myrrh but he did not take it c.f. Psa 69:21.

(Mar 15:24) And they crucified him and divided his garments among them, casting lots for them c.f. Psa 22:16-18.

(Mar 15:33) There was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour – OT prophetic sign of judgment.

(Mar 15:34) Jesus cried with a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?" "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" c.f. Psa 22:1.

(Mar 15:38) Eschatological – the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom.

(Mar 16:5) Typical OT language of divine encounters – a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were alarmed.

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