Archive for November 20th, 2010

Hebrews and OT

(Heb 1:1-2) God ‘s speaking in the OT was at many times and in many ways through the prophets climaxing now in the son.

(Heb 1:2) God created the world in Genesis 1 through Jesus.

(Heb 1:5) Jesus as a man is the son of David adopted as the son of God c.f. Psa 2; 2Sa 7:14.

(Heb 1:6) In the OT the angels were commanded to worship Christ c.f. Deu 32:43 (LXX).

(Heb 1:7) Angels are winds and flames of fire c.f. Psa 104:4.

(Heb 1:8-9) Jesus is God-man upon a throne c.f. Psa 45:6-7 "Your throne O God therefore God your God has anointed you.

(Heb 1:10) Jesus laid the foundation of the earth and he will roll them up like a garment. Jesus is eternal c.f. Psa 102:25-27.

(Heb 1:13) Jesus alone sits at God’s right hand with enemies made a footstool for his feet c.f. Psa 110:1.

(Heb 2:1-3) If every transgression or disobedience to the law of Moses received a just retribution how much more a rejection of Christ.

(Heb 2:5-9) God has subjected the world that is to come to Christ c.f. Psa 8.

(Heb 2:10) Creation in Genesis 1 for Christ and by Christ.

(Heb 2:11-13) Jesus is biologically a man and so his people are his brothers c.f. Psa 22:22; Isa 8:17-18.

(Heb 2:16) Jesus helps the seed of Abraham c.f. Gen 12.

(Heb 2:17; 3:1) Jesus fulfils OT shadow of a high priest in service of God who makes propitiation for the sins of the people c.f. Leviticus.

(Heb 3:2-6) Moses was faithful in God’s house as a servant. Jesus is faithful in God’s house as a son and worthy of greater glory.

(Heb 3:7-19; 4:1-11) Warning from Israel in the wilderness. Hardening one’s heart and Unbelief means failure to enter rest c.f. Psa 85.

(Heb 4:8-9) The rest given by Joshua only shadowed the rest given by Jesus by faith.

(Heb 4:14-15) Jesus fulfils the OT shadow of a high priest in the service of God c.f. Leviticus.

(Heb 4:16) Drawing near throne of grace echoes idea of drawing near the throne shaped cover of the ark of the covenant in Holy of Holies.

(Heb 5-7) Jesus is a high priest greater than OT shadows i.e. became a priest by an oath of God, no has no sin, doesn’t die, sat down.

(Heb 5:6,10; 6:20) Jesus is a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek c.f. Psa 110.

(Heb 6:1-2) OT elementary doctrines – repentance, faith, washings, laying of hands, resurrection, judgment.

(Heb 6:12-15) Promises are inherited by patient faith just like in Abraham’s case.

(Heb 6:19) In Christ one can enter the inner place behind the curtain in the heavenly places c.f. high priest and holy of holies in OT.

(Heb 7:1-3) Jesus is like Melchizedek – a king of peace and righteousness, a priest without beginning or end c.f. Gen 14.

(Heb 8:1-5) Christ serves in heavenly sanctuary of which the tabernacle/temple was only a copy/shadow e.g. make according to pattern.

(Heb 8:6-13) Christ mediates a better covenant i.e. the new covenant of Jer 31:31-34. Old covenant was not obeyed, could not make righteous.

(Heb 8:13) The OT first covenant has become obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.

(Heb 9:1-5) The OT first covenant’s regulations for worship and earthly place of holiness foreshadowed worship in Spirit and truth.

(Heb 9:6-9) The holy place was symbolic of the old age of being unable to enter God’s presence.

(Heb 9:9-10) The OT first covenant could not perfect the conscience of the worshiper but was imposed until the time of reformation.

(Heb 9:11-12) Christ appeared as a high priest of the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation)

(Heb 9:11-12) entered not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption.

(Heb 9:13-14) Sprinkling of defiled persons with blood of goats &bulls and ashes of a heifer foreshadowed the achievement of Christ’s blood.

(Heb 9:14) Christ offered himself without blemish to God c.f. OT sacrificial animals.

(Heb 9:15) OT concepts – mediating, new covenant, promised inheritance, redemption.

(Heb 9:18-28) OT first covenant was inaugurated with blood. Christ’s blood inaugurates new covenant and cleanses heavenly realities.

(Heb 9:28) Christ "bore the sins of many" Quote from Isa 53:12. Links High Priest to Suffering Servant.

(Heb 10:1-4) Law was a shadow of the good things to come i.e. the true form of reality – not able to make perfect, cleanse or take away sin.

(Heb 10:5-10) The OT pointed to Christ’s provision made in an obedient body c.f. Psa 40:6-8. This sacrifice is able to sanctify.

(Heb 10:11-14) OT priests stood daily repeatedly offering sacrifices. Christ offered a single sacrifice & sat down at the right hand of God.

(Heb 10:11-14) Sitting down at Gods right hand presents Jesus as a priest and a king c.f. Psa 2.

(Heb 10:15-17) OT spoke of Christ establishing a new covenant with laws written on hearts c.f. Jer 31:31-34.

(Heb 10:19-20) OT shadow illustrates Christ. We have confidence to enter the holy places passing thru the curtain i.e. through his flesh.

(Heb 10:21) Christ is the fulfillment of the OT high priest over God’s house.

(Heb 10:22) OT washings foreshadow the sprinkling clean of hearts from an evil conscience and bodies washed with pure water.

(Heb 10:28-29) Rejection of the law of Moses brought judgment of death even worse judgment for rejecting the new covenant.

(Heb 10:30-31) OT quoted to show that God will both judge the enemies of God’s people and save his people c.f. Deu 32:36; Psa 135:14.

(Heb 10:37-38) OT quoted to show the need to faithfully endure c.f. Hab 2:3-4.

(Heb 11:4) Abel worshiped God in faith same as NT believers.

(Heb 11:7) Noah became an heir of righteousness that comes by faith same as NT believers.

(Heb 11:10) Abraham in faith looked forward to the city that has foundations, whose designer and builder is God same as NT believers.

(Heb 11:11-12,19) Abraham and Sarah had faith in the God who raises the dead – same as NT believers.

(Heb 11:26) By faith Moses considered the reproach of Christ greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt – same as NT believers.

(Heb 11:31) By faith Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient – same as NT believers.

(Heb 11) Many OT examples of faith and patient endurance in the midst of suffering. NT believers are to emulate.

(Heb 12:5-11) Christians are to regard suffering as fatherly discipline from the LORD c.f. Pro 3:11-12.

(Heb 12:12-13) Christians ought to be encouraged by this view of suffering to make straight paths for their feet c.f. Pro 4:26.

(Heb 12:16-17) Christians are to avoid the sexually immoral and unholy example of Esau, who sold his birthright for a single meal.

(Heb 12:18-22) Christians have not come to terrifying presence of God on Mount Sinai c.f. Exo 19:12-12; Deu 9:19 but instead to Mount Zion.

(Heb 12:22-23) OT Jerusalem/Mt Zion only a shadow of the heavenly Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem.

(Heb 12:24) Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

(Heb 12:25) If no escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape if we reject him who warns from heaven.

(Heb 12:26-28) God will again shake creation in order to establish his unshakable kingdom i.e. new heavens and earth c.f. Ha g 2:6.

(Heb 12:28-29) Urged to offer God acceptable worship, with reverence & awe, on basis of OT revelation – God is a consuming fire c.f Deu 4:24

(Heb 13:2) Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares c.f. Abraham and Lot.

(Heb 13:5) The OT promises are for NT believers e.g. "I will never leave you nor forsake you." C.f. Deu 31:6.

(Heb 13:6) The OT promises are for NT believers e.g "The Lord is my helper; I will not fear; what can man do to me?" c.f. Psa 118:6-7.

(Heb 13:9-13) OT foods, altar, tent, high priest, sacrifices, rituals all point to Christ.

(Heb 13:14) NT believers seek the city that is to come i.e. new Jerusalem.

(Heb 13:15-16) Worship desired by God is continually offered up sacrifices of praise i.e. the fruit of lips that acknowledge his name …

(Heb 13:15-16) … good deeds and sharing with others.

(Heb 13:20) References to shepherd of the sheep and blood of the eternal covenant have OT Davidic and Mosaic connections.

(Heb 13:24) Saints is an OT description of God’s people.

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