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Archive for November 12th, 2010

Godliness is God-consciousness, an all-pervasive sense of God’s presence.

It will mean that never do we think, or speak, or act, without the undergirding sense (1) of God’s presence, (2) of his judgement, (3) of our relation to him and his relation to us, (4) of our responsibility to him and dependence upon him.

This God-consciousness is spoken of as the fear of God, the profound reverence for his majesty and the dread of his judgments.

This fear of God is not something abstract – it is filial reverence springing from a relation that has been constituted by redemption in Christ, justification and forgiveness by his grace, adoption in his love. …

In a word, this God-consciousness is conditioned by all the provisions of saving grace brought to bear upon us in Christ Jesus, and by the distinct relations that we sustain by God’s grace to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. There is an intimacy constituted by adoption and the sonship created thereby …

Source: John Murray “Adorning the Gospel” (Collected Writings of John Murray, Vol. I, The Banner of Truth Trust, 1976, pg. 182)

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Matthew and OT

(Mat 1:1) OT start to gospel – the book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

(Mat 1:2-17) Abraham, Jacob, Judah & Tamar, Salmon & Rahab, Boaz & Ruth, David, Solomon, Zerubbabel – OT promises/ hopes connect to Christ.

(Mat 1:17) Jesus is the answer to Abraham, David and the new covenant to follow the exile.

(Mat 1:21) Mary’s son to be named Yeshua "Yahweh saves" because Jesus is Yahweh who saves his people from their sins.

(Mat 1:22-23) Jesus is the virgin’s conceived son. Jesus is Immanuel (God with us). c.f. Isa 7:14.

(Mat 2:1,4-7) Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judah – OT Davidic prophecy of a future shepherd-king of God’s people c.f. Mic 5:2.

(Mat 2:2) Magi see his star rise in the east c.f. Baalam’s prophecy in Num 24:17.

(Mat 2:11) Gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh c.f. Isa 60:6; Psa 72:10,15.

(Mat 2:13) God preserved his son (Israel) from death (famine) in Egypt so he does again with his son (Christ) from death (Herod’s sword).

(Mat 2:16) Herod’s killing of the baby boys of Bethlehem portrays him as a Pharaoh attempting to wipe out the promised deliverer.

(Mat 2:16-18) Tears of Exile begun in Jeremiah’s day are climaxed and ended by the tears of the mothers of Bethlehem c.f. Jer 31:15.

(Mat 2:16-18) Heir to David’s throne has come, Exile is over, Son of God arrived, he will introduce new covenant promised by Jer 31:31-34.

(Mat 2:19-21,15) Jesus’ exodus out of Egypt in response to Lord’s word fulfills what Lord had spoken Hos 11:1 Out of Egypt I called my son.

(Mat 2:23) Jesus’ living in Nazareth fulfills what was spoken by the prophets: "He shall be called a Nazarene" i.e. one rejected, of David.

(Mat 3:1-2) Wilderness preaching recalls prophetic ministry of Moses and Elijah. Location implies that s new work of God is about to occur.

(Mat 3:3) John is the voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord; make his paths straight. c.f. Isa 40.

(Mat 3:4) John’s garment of camel’s hair and leather belt around his waist, and his eating wilderness food recalls Elijah c.f. 2Ki 1:8.

(Mat 3:7-12) OT prophetic language – brood of vipers, wrath to come, axe at root of trees, cut down, chaff thrown into fire e.g. Isa 59:5.

(Mat 3:11) OT predicted baptism with the Spirit e.g. Isa 4:4; 44:3; Joel 2.

(Mat 3:16) Is the Spirit’s descent like a dove recalling Spirit’s movement of the waters in Gen 1 and Noah’s dove of new creation?

(Mat 3:17) "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased." c.f. Psa 2:7; Isa 42:1 i.e. Davidic king and suffering servant.

(Mat 4:1) Like Israel, Jesus the son of God is led by God into the wilderness to be tested.

(Mat 4:2-4) Like Israel, Jesus as the son of God hungers, but obeys ‘man does not live on bread alone but by words of God’ c.f. Deu 8:3.

(Mat 4:5-7) Unlike Israel, Jesus as the Son of God refuses to put God to the test c.f. Deu 6:16. Satan quotes Psa 91:1-2.

(Mat 4:8-10) Unlike Israel who worshiped golden calf for advancement, Jesus as son of God worships and serves the LORD alone c.f. Deu 6;13.

(Mat 4:13-17) Jesus’ living in Galilee, the old tribal territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, fulfilled Isa 9:1-2.

(Mat 4:13-17) Jesus is the great light that shines in the darkness. Galilee was first area in OT Israel to experience judgment of the exile.

(Mat 4:23-24) Jesus does all the powerful actions predicted in Isa 35.

(Mat 4:25) Great crowds followed him from Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, from beyond the Jordan i.e. the whole OT kingdom of David.

(Mat 4:25) Great crowds followed him just as Israel had gathered to David prior to his being king. c.f 1Ch 12:22.

(Mat 5:1-2) Jesus went up on the mountain and taught the people. Like a second Moses teaching from Mount Sinai.

(Mat 5:3-12) Poor, mourners, meek, hungry, merciful, pure in heart, peacemakers, persecuted – all OT prophetic categories for the righteous.

(Mat 5:17-18) Jesus did not come to abolish the ethical teachings of the Law or the Prophets.

(Mat 5:17-18) Jesus fulfills Law and Prophets by teaching their ultimate directions and maximum applications.

(Mat 5:17-18) Jesus also fulfills the OT types and shadows.

(Mat 5:19) Jesus is clear that within his kingdom not the least commandment is to be relaxed in obedience.

(Mat 5:21-26) The OT command not to murder is now extended to hating.

(Mat 5:22,29,30) Jesus’ "hell" is "Gehenna" referring to OT valley outside Jerusalem where child sacrifices & waste was continually burned.

(Mat 5:27-32) The OT command against adultery is now extended to lustful desires for a woman.

(Mat 5:33-37) The OT command against swearing false oaths is given its ultimate direction i.e. telling the truth always.

(Mat 5:38-47) The OT command requiring righteous penalties for breaking the law c.f. Exo 21:22-27; Lev 24:19-20; Deu 19:19

(Mat 5:38-47) … is not to be used as excuse for vengeance but rather opportunity to show mercy. c.f. Exo 21:22-27; Lev 24:19-20; Deu 19:19

(Mat 5:48) Jesus affirms the OT ethic of be holy because God is holy – You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

(Mat 6) Jesus’ teaching continues to re-define and expand OT law.

(Mat 7:15-20) False prophets, their teaching and fruit if their lives continues to be a problem in NT as it was in the OT.

(Mat 8:3) Jesus’ touches an unclean leper which should make Jesus unclean but instead makes the leper clean.

(Mat 8:4) Jesus sends the leper to priests so that the Law of Moses can witness to Jesus’ work.

(Mat 8:10-12) Extraordinary that many Gentiles will sit with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob at OT’s messianic banquet and many Israelites will not

(Mat 8:12) OT pictures of judgment – thrown into the outer darkness, weeping and gnashing of teeth."

(Mat 8:14-17) Jesus’ healing fulfil Isa 53:4 i.e. the work of the suffering servant "He took our illnesses and bore our diseases."

(Mat 8:24-27) Jesus’ rebuking of winds & sea and their obeying him is an e.g. of Jesus doing OT God’s prerogative e.g. Psa 89:9; 93:3-4.

(Mat 9:2-8) Jesus’ forgiving a man’s sins is another example of Jesus doing what in the OT was God’s prerogative alone.

(Mat 9:13) Jesus describes his ministry in terms of Hos 6:6 ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice.’

(Mat 9:20-22) According to Leviticus, Jesus’ being touched by menstruating woman ought to have rendered him unclean but makes her clean.

(Mat 9:23-26) According to Leviticus, Jesus’ touching a dead body ought to have rendered him unclean but in fact makes her clean (living).

(Mat 9:27-29) Blind men have faith that Jesus is OT’s son of David – messianic king. Jesus demonstrates it is he who opens spiritual eyes.

(Mat 9:32-33) Jesus’ casting out demons causes people to consider a new work of God has begun unlike any previously seen in Israel in the OT

(Mat 9:35) Jesus’ ministry is as predicted in Isaiah. It involves proclamation and acts of power c.f. Isa 61 and Isa 35:4-6.

(Mat 9:36) Jesus views Israel as sheep without a shepherd c.f. as: Num 27:17; Isa 56:9-11; Jer 50:6; Eze 34:3-6; Zec 10:2; 11:16; 13:7-8.

(Mat 10:5-6) Jesus tells disciples to go to lost sheep of Israel not Gentiles because that is order in Isaiah. First Israel then nations.

(Mat 10:8) Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons. The disciples are to engage in Isa 35:4-6 type ministry.

(Mat 10:15) Rejection of the gospel will bring on Israel a worse judgment than that against Canaanite Sodom and Gomorrah.

(Mat 10:18) It is as suffering servants at hands of Israel that disciples will fulfil their Isaianic ministry as servants of word to nations

(Mat 10:28) Fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell (OT Gehenna).

(Mat 10:30) OT concept of something being counted or measured to indicate sovereignty and protection.

(Mat 10:34-36) The division that Jesus causes in families is the same as that in Mic 7:5-7.

(Mat 11:5) Proof Jesus is one who was to come is fulfilling Isa 35:4-6 – blind receive their sight, lame walk, lepers cleansed, deaf hear.

(Mat 11:10-12) Jesus says that John is the messenger of Mal 3:1 . He is the greatest of OT prophets because he most clearly pointed to Jesus

(Mat 11:13-14) John is the Elijah who was to come.

(Mat 11:21-24) The judgment against Israel’s towns that rejected Jesus will be worse that classic OT enemies – Tyre, Babylon, Sodom.

(Mat 11:25-26) Election – You have hidden things from the wise and revealed them to little children for such was your gracious will.

(Mat 11:27) Election – "No one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him."

(Mat 11:28) Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

(Mat 12:1-6) Jesus is greater than David and greater than the temple.

(Mat 12:7) Jesus describes his ministry in terms of Hos 6:6 ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice.’

(Mat 12:8-14) The Son of Man is lord of the OT Sabbaths.

(Mat 12:15-21) Jesus’ withdrawals and avoidance of public gatherings fulfilled Isa 42:1-4.

(Mat 12:23) The people were amazed and said, "Can this be the Son of David?" OT category.

(Mat 12:38-40) Jesus gives a sign – as Jonah dead & buried in heart of earth and then raised three days later, so will he more literally so.

(Mat 12:41-42) Nineveh/Queen of Sheba were more responsive to Jonah’s preaching/Solomon’s wisdom that the Jews. Jesus is greater than both.

(Mat 12:43-45) Unclean spirits belong in the wilderness. OT had a similar view c.f. the goat sent into wilderness for Azazel. c.f Lev 16:10.

(Mat 13:11-12) Election – To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven but to them it has not been given.

(Mat 13:13-15) Election – some hearts are hardened, eyes blinded, ears deafened c.f. Isa 6:9-10. The opposite of Isa 35:4-6.

(Mat 13:28-30,37-44) Eschatology – at second coming angels sent to first gather weeds for fire then wheat into barn/kingdom.

(Mat 13:31-33) Eschatology – kingdom grows slowly but will grow large i.e. kingdom is both now and not yet.

(Mat 13:34-35) Jesus speaks in parables to fulfil Psa 78:2 – open my mouth in parables; utter hidden things from foundation of the world.

(Mat 13:47-50) Eschatology -angels will come out & separate evil from righteous. OT judgment – thrown into fire, weeping/gnashing of teeth.

(Mat 13:52) Disciples have both OT and NT treasurers of revelation.

(Mat 14:13-21) The feeding of the 5000 men in the wilderness portrays Jesus as a second Moses.

(Mat 14:22-33) Jesus’ walking on the waters causes him to be identified with God c.f. Job 9:8.

(Mat 15:1-20) Again Jesus does not abolish the law but reinforces it and expounds its true intents.

(Mat 15:7-9) Jesus condemns the religious leaders as a prophet using Isa 29:13.

(Mat 15:13) Election – there are some plants that Jesus’ heavenly Father has not planted.

(Mat 15:21-28) Another reference to the lost sheep of Israel (several in Matthew) using the description of the OT prophets.

(Mat 15:21-38) Jesus extends the ministry described in Isa 35:6-7 to Gentiles i.e. to the nations.

(Mat 15:31) Crowd wondered when they saw mute speaking, crippled healthy, lame walking, blind seeing – and they glorified the God of Israel.

(Mat 16:4) Another reference to ‘sign of Jonah’ i.e. his death and resurrection. Refers to ‘an evil and adulterous generation’ – OT language

(Mat 16:16-17) Election – Peter’s confession of Jesus as the Christ was revealed to him by God the Father.

(Mat 16:21) Jesus shows his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem, suffer, be killed, raised on third day. I think he used OT scriptures.

(Mat 17:1-4) Mount of transfiguration recalls Sinai. Moses and Elijah (the Law and the Prophets) testify to Jesus.

(Mat 17:5) God’s Shekinah temple glory appears and a voice identifies Jesus as Davidic king (Psa 2) and suffering servant (Isa 42).

(Mat 17:11-13) John the Baptist was the Elijah who was to come c.f. Mal 3-4.

(Mat 17:22-23) Jesus predicts that Son of Man will be delivered into hands of men, killed & raised on third day. Think he used OT scriptures

(Mat 18:21-22) Jesus says that we are to forgive others not 7 times but 77 times c.f. Gen 4:24 Lamech’s call for vengeance.

(Mat 19:3-6) Jesus argues against divorce on the grounds of the law – leave, hold fast, one flesh c.f. Gen 2:24.

(Mat 19:7-9) Jesus attributes the law’s allowing divorce to hard hearts. Jesus shows the law’s true application.

(Mat 19:16-19) Jesus affirms the obeying of the law to inherit eternal life but also need to follow him c.f Exo 20:12-16; Lev 19:18.

(Mat 19:28) Eschatology – Jesus speaks f the kingdom in relation to the regeneration i.e. the new creation.

(Mat 20:17-19) Jesus describes his forthcoming experience in Jerusalem in terms of OT descriptions of judgment

(Mat 20:17-19) delivered over, condemned to death, delivered over to nations, mocked, flogged, hung on tree – will be raised on third day.

(Mat 20:28) Son of Man came to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many. c.f. Isa 53.

(Mat 20:29) Jericho, Son of David – OT connotations of salvation.

(Mat 21:4-5) Say to daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your king is coming to you, humble and mounted on a donkey.’ c.f. Zec 9:9.

(Mat 21:8-9,16) Crowds refer to Jesus quoting the Psalms c.f. Psa 118:24-26; Psa 8:2.

(Mat 21:12-13) Jesus’ cleansing the temple – My house shall be called a house of prayer Isa 56:7 but you make it a den of robbers Jer 7:11.

(Mat 21:18-19) Cursing the fig tree as a symbol of Israel c.f. Isa 5:4-5.

(Mat 21:42-44) Same Psalm used to praise Jesus in his entry, used by Jesus to condemn enemies c.f. Psa 118:22-23 Stone builders rejected …

(Mat 22:23-33) Sadducees use the law regarding brothers marrying a childless widow. c.f. Deu 25:5-10.

(Mat 22:23-33) Jesus shows from law that God is God of resurrection i.e. God of presently living Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

(Mat 22:34-40) Jesus sums up the law by quoting the law – love God with all heart and love neighbour c.f. Deu 6:5; Lev 19:18.

(Mat 22:41-46) Jesus quotes Psa 110 to show Christ is greater than David – Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right until enemies under feet.

(Mat 23:2-3,23) According to Jesus the law of Moses must still be followed (in its fullest Jesus-revealed Spirit-enabled sense).

(Mat 23:15) Jesus refers to hell as Gehenna the OT valley of burning.

(Mat 23:25-28) Jesus defines true uncleanness in terms of the heart rather than marketplace contact.

(Mat 23:29-36) Religious leaders’ killing of Jesus will result in accountability for all past killings of messengers who pointed to Jesus.

(Mat 23:29-36) The religious leaders accountable for deaths of Abel to Zechariah (first & last murders of OT) and all prophets inbetween.

(Mat 23:37-38) Jesus predicts Jerusalem’s destruction in 70 A.D. in language reminiscent of the OT.

(Mat 23:39) You will not see me again, until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. c.f. Psa 118:26.

(Mat 24:1-2) Jesus predicts Jerusalem’s destruction in 70 A.D. in language reminiscent of the OT – not one stone left on another.

(Mat 24:6-8) Eschatology – current birth pangs of the end – wars, famine, earthquakes c.f. Rev 6 and the seals.

(Mat 24:9-12) Eschatology – persecution and false prophets – both now and in the final climatic tribulation c.f. Rev 12-14.

(Mat 24:13) Eschatology – Response of God’s people is to endure to the end c.f. constant theme in Revelation esp. Rev 2-3.

(Mat 24:14) Eschatology – gospel to be proclaimed to all nations and then the end.

(Mat 24:15-21) Eschatology – Jesus predicts destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD but portrays something of the end also. Language OT prophetic.

(Mat 24:15) Eschatology – Abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place c.f. Dan 9:27; 11:31; 12:11.

(Mat 24:22) Eschatology – The days of tribulation between 1st and 2nc comings will be cut short by Jesus’ return.

(Mat 24:27-28) Eschatology – Jesus’ return will be loud visible & dramatic – as lightning from east to west will be Son of Man’s parousia.

(Mat 24:29-31) Eschatology – tribulation – then sun, moon, stars darkened …

(Mat 24:29-31) … then Jesus on clouds – then angels gather ELECT from four corners of earth to meet in the sky.

(Mat 24:34) Jesus’ disciples saw wars, famines, persecution, false prophets, fall of Jerusalem i.e. they saw all precursors Jesus mentioned.

(Mat 24:36-44) Eschatology – return will be unexpected like days of Noah. Sharp division between people – some taken & some left.

(Mat 24:51; 25:30,41,46) Jesus’ OT prophetic language -cut in pieces, weeping & gnashing of teeth, outer darkness, fire, place of punishment

(Mat 25:31) When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. c.f. Dan 7:13-14.

(Mat 25:32-33) Separating sheep and goats c.f. Eze 34:17.

(Mat 25:34) Election – ‘the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world’. OT language – INHERIT the land.

(Mat 26:24) The Son of Man goes as it is written of him in the OT.

(Mat 26:26-28) Jesus’ body eaten like a sacrificial offering for sin. His blood represents the new covenant of Jer 31:31.

(Mat 26:31) Jesus’ arrest and the disciples’ desertion fulfils Zec 13:7.

(Mat 26:39) The cup that Jesus asks to pass him is the OT cup of the wine of God’s wrath. In Revelation this is drunk by the earth dwellers.

(Mat 26:54) But how then should the OT Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must be so?"

(Mat 26:55-56) Jesus’ passivity in his arrest is his active obedience so that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.

(Mat 26:64) From now on they shall see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven." c.f. Dan 7:13.

(Mat 27:2,18) In the OT being bound and handed over to the nations was a sign of divine judgment.

(Mat 27:3-10) Judas’ betrayal for thirty pieces of silver and the purchase of the potter’s filed fulfils Zec 11:12,13; Jer 19:1-13; 32:6-9.

(Mat 27:11-14) Jesus will answer Pilate but not the Jewish leaders fulfilling Isa 53:7.

(Mat 27:27-31) Jesus suffers as a righteous man in ways that recall suffering of righteous men in the Psalms e.g. mocked, spat on, struck.

(Mat 27:34 They offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall c.f. Psa 69:21.

(Mat 27:35) A man hung on a tree is under God’s curse/judgment c.f. Deu 21:22.

(Mat 27:35) Crucified him c.f. Psa 22:16. They divided his garments among them by casting lots c.f. Psa 22:18.

(Mat 27:39-44) The mocking of Jesus is a sign of divine judgment c.f. Psa 89:38-42 and Wisdom of Solomon 2:18-20.

(Mat 27:45) Darkness is an OT sign of divine judgment or displeasure.

(Mat 27:46) "Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?" c.f. Psa 22:1 – another indication of divine judgment using OT language.

(Mat 27:51-52) Eschatological signs – curtain of the temple was torn in two, earth shook, rocks split, tombs open, dead raised (Sunday).

(Mat 27:62-66) Enclosing of Jesus body in grave & sealed rock recalls Daniel in the pit with a stone sealed that situation not be changed.

(Mat 28:2-4) Eschatological context – great earthquake, angel of Lord descending from heaven, appearance like lightning, clothes white, fear

(Mat 27:51-52; 28:2-4) Lots of eschatological references here. As far as NT is concerned the last days have begun with death & resurrection.

(Mat 28:18-20) All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me c.f. Dan 7:13.

(Mat 28:18-20) Make disciples of all nations c.f. the Isaianic mission to the nations in Isa 40-66.

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It is utterly and absolutely impossible that the sentence of the Divine Judge should ever be revoked or reversed.

His sentence of justification results from and rests upon a complete satisfaction having been offered to His Law, and that in the fulfillment of a covenant engagement. Thus is effectually precluded the recall of the verdict.

The Father stipulated to release His elect from the curse of the law provided the Son would meet the claims of justice against them. The Son freely complied with His Father’s will: “Lo, I come.” He was now made under the law, fulfilled the law, and suffered the full penalty of the law; therefore shall He see of the travail of His soul and be satisfied.

Sooner shall the lightenings of omnipotence shiver the Rock of Ages than those sheltering in Him again be brought under condemnation.

 

Source: A.W. Pink, ‘The Doctrine of Justification – Its Results’ in Studies in the Scriptures December, 1934

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… That act of kindness had a profound effect on Dad. It made him want to be good. He was so filled with gratitude that he decided he was going to change. He was going to be a Christian … The only problem with his plan was that he could no more make himself a Christian than dry bones can will themselves to live.

Jesus said that in order to be saved … a person has to be ‘born again’ (John 3:3). … The new birth Jesus described is called regeneration. John Frame writes that regeneration is "a sovereign act of God, beginning a new spiritual life in us." In regeneration God gives a person a new nature, a new heart, and new spiritual life.

… The problem with Dad’s decision to make himself a ‘good Christian’ at age sixteen was that he hadn’t experienced the miracle of regeneration. … His pseudoconversion after his jail stint was an attempt at self-reform.

Josh Harris later in the chapter describes how his dad truly came to be born again. and ends the chapter with an encouragement to consider our stories as:

God loves us

He chose us

He called us

He regenerated our hearts

He justified us

He adopted us

He is sanctifying us day by day

And one day, when Jesus returns, we’ll receive glorified bodies.

Source: Joshua Harris, ‘How God Saved Gregg Eugene Harris’ Dug down deep : unearthing what I believe and why it matters, 1st ed. (Colorado Springs Colo.: Multnomah Books, 2010).

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