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Archive for November 4th, 2010

(Rom 1:2-4) Gospel promised beforehand through God’s OT prophets concerning his son, from David according to flesh, raised by the Spirit.

(Rom 1:5) Paul as a servant of the LORD sent to bring the nations into obedience for the sake of God’s name c.f. Isaiah 40-66.

(Rom 1:7) The Church described using two common OT designations for Israel ‘loved by God’ and ‘holy people’.

(Rom 1:16) Salvation – the gospel is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.

(Rom 1:17) OT predicted a righteousness that comes by faith in Hab 2:4.

(Rom 1:19-20) God’s glory portrayed in creation is a common OT theme in Genesis 1-2, Job, Psalms, Isaiah etc

(Rom 1:23-25) Exchanging the glory of immortal God for images resembling mortal man, birds, animals, reptiles strongly attested to in the OT

(Rom 1:24,26-28) Homosexuality was particularly evident in Sodom and in the final chapters of Judges as a mark of total depravity.

(Rom 2:9) Tribulation and distress for both Jews and Gentiles is spoken of by the OT prophets on numerous occasions.

(Rom 2:13) For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified. Same in OT.

(Rom 2:23-24) OT bears witness to Israel’s failure to keep law. The name of God is blasphemed among Gentiles because of you. c.f. Eze 36:22.

(Rom 2:25-27) Circumcision is only of value if you keep the law. Breaking the law places one outside God’s people.

(Rom 2:28-29) A person is not of Israel by flesh or circumcision. A person is of Israel if has inward circumcision of heart by the Spirit.

(Rom 3:3) The OT bears witness that despite Israel’s unfaithfulness, God remained faithful in grace and forgiveness.

(Rom 3:10-12) As it is written: "None is righteous, no, not one" c.f. Psa 14:1-3.

(Rom 3:13-18) Paul quotes multiple texts from the Psalms to prove that all men are sinners.

(Rom 3:21) Now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it.

(Rom 3:24-25) Redemption and propitiation by blood are OT images for salvation.

(Rom 4) Abraham is forefather of those who have faith in that he believed God’s promises especially about giving life to the dead Rom 4:17.

(Rom 4) Abraham was justified by faith before he received the covenant of circumcision & so is the father of both Jews & Gentiles in faith.

(Rom 4:6-8) Paul quotes Psa 32 as justification by faith – Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, sins covered & not counted.

(Rom 4:13) The promise to Abraham and his offspring was that he would be heir of the world c.f. new earth. Canaan just a shadow.

(Rom 5:9) Justified by blood and saved from the wrath of God are strong OT concepts.

(Rom 5:12,15-19) Adam and Christ contrast as representative men bringing sin/condemnation/death or righteousness/justification/life.

(Rom 5:20) The law came in to increase the trespass i.e. to cause sin to be known.

(Rom 6:6) The old man we were in Adam has been done away with.

(Rom 6:16-20) The change from slavery to sin to slavery to righteousness echoes the Exodus change of slavery to Pharaoh to slaves of God.

(Rom 7:1-13) The OT law causes sinfulness and judgment to be known and revealed.

(Rom 8:3-4) The law could not justify but through the Spirit we can live out the righteous requirements of the law.

(Rom 8:17) Christians are heirs. Inheritance was promised and shadowed in the OT.

(Rom 8:19-22) Creation has been subjected to futility and bondage to decay c.f. Gen 3; Ecc 1-12, groaning in childbirth c.f. OT prophets.

(Rom 8:29-30) Election – fore-loved (known), predestined, called, justified, glorified.

(Rom 9:4-5) OT – adoption, the glory, covenants, giving of the law, the worship, the promises, patriarchs and from them comes the Christ.

(Rom 9:6-8) Israel is not made up simply of Jewish people according to the flesh but rather of children of promise.

(Rom 9:8-13) Not flesh i.e. Ishmael and Esau but of promise and election Isaac and Jacob.

(Rom 9:10-13) Election is not based on an quality in the person chosen e.g. God choose Jacob not Esau – same father, before done anything.

(Rom 9:14-16) God’s prerogative to choose whoever he pleases without being unjust. c.f. Exo 33:19 -mercy/compassion on whom he chooses.

(Rom 9:16) Salvation depends not on human will or exertion but on God, who has mercy.

(Rom 9:17-18,22-23) God not only has mercy on whomever he wills but he also hardens whomever he wills for his glory e.g. Pharaoh.

(Rom 9:20-21) God as the potter can do whatever he desires with his creation whether to make vessels of wrath or vessels of mercy.

(Rom 9:24-26) In Hosea 1-2 Israel became as Gentiles but then God called them from Gentile-status and made them Israel again.

(Rom 9:24-26) Therefore, God can call Gentiles and makes them part Israel.

(Rom 9:27-29) Most of ethnic Israel to be judged like Sodom but a remnant of ethnic Jews will be saved c.f. Isa 10:22,23; Isa 1:9.

(Rom 10:4) Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

(Rom 10:5-8) Moses wrote about attaining righteousness with regard to law and faith c.f. Deu 30:12-14

(Rom 10:9-13) Confessing with mouth that Jesus is Lord and believing in heart that God raised him from dead brings salvation …

(Rom 10:9-13) c.f. For "everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved." Joe l 2:32.

(Rom 10:14-15) Gospel believing requires gospel proclamation c.f. Isa 52:7 – beautiful feet.

(Rom 10:16-18) Jews reject gospel preaching despite its world wide proclamation c.f. Isa 53:1; Psa 19:4 "voice gone out to ends of world."

(Rom 10:19-21) God turns from ethnic Israel (Isa 65:2) & has message taken to Gentiles (Isa 65:1) in order to make Israel jealous(Deu 32:21)

(Rom 11:15) Eschatology – When Israel according to the flesh accept Christ then the resurrection will occur.

(Rom 11:26-28) Christ will come deliver the Jews and take away their sin c.f. Isa 59:20-21. In doing so he fulfils his purpose in election.

(Rom 11:28-29) Election – gifts of irresistible grace and effectual calling are irrevocable.

(Rom 12:1) Presenting bodies as living sacrifices in worship that is holy and acceptable to God comes from OT shadows.

(Rom 12:16-21) Paul’s instructions of not taking revenge and giving food & drink to one’s enemies based on authoritive OT instructions.

(Rom 13:1-2) Sovereignty – God has established every secular authority according to his purpose.

(Rom 13:8-10) Christians are to fulfil the law by loving one another.

(Rom 14:10-12) Paul’s eschatology of a judgment day is based on the OT c.f. Isa 45:23

(Rom 14:13-23) A new code for food laws based on love c.f. Lev 11.

(Rom 15:4) What was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through the encouragement of Scriptures we might have hope.

(Rom 15:8) Christ showed God’s truthfulness in order to confirm the promises given to the patriarchs.

(Rom 15:9) Christ showed God’s truthfulness in order that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy.

(Rom 15:9-12,21) The Gentiles coming to faith was revealed in the OT c.f. 2Sa 22:50; Psa 18:49; Deu 32:43; Psa 117:1; Isa 11:10; 52:15.

(Rom 15:16) minister of Christ, priestly service of gospel, acceptable offering of Gentiles made holy i.e. OT Levitical language.

(Rom 15:25-27) Paul saw gifts of Gentile Christians to Jerusalem as a partial fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecies of nations bringing wealth.

(Rom 16:20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet c.f. Gen 3:15.

(Rom 16:25-26) The gospel is now disclosed and through prophetic writings been known to all nations to bring about the obedience of faith.

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