Archive for August 16th, 2010

(Eze 1) Description of God’s chariot-throne which is made up of living creatures, even the wheels are alive.

(Eze 1) God’s chariot-throne includes a long description of the wheels – movement emphasizes omnipresence & full of eyes omniscience.

(Eze 1) God’s chariot-throne and presence is described by using words ‘like’ and ‘appearance’ about 40 times in chapter 1.

(Eze 1) God’s GLORY has the LIKENESS of the APPEARANCE of the multi-colored light of the rainbow as well as fire and gleaming metals/stones.

(Eze 1) c.f God’s appearance in Revelation 4.

(Eze 2:8-10) Ezekiel & John eat a scroll as a symbolic act prior to prophesying against the ungodly c.f. Rev 10:9.

(Eze 3:27) Christ, like Ezekiel, is resolute when speaking to a heart-hardened Israel. ‘Ears to hear let him hear’ is also used by Christ.

(Eze 4:9-15) Israel will eat unclean food in exile becoming as Gentiles. In Acts 11:5-9 food laws abolished & Gentiles become as Israel.

(Eze 5:12) The ratio of one-thirds in Israel facing judgment is applied to the whole earth in the Trumpets of Rev 8:7-12.

(Eze 5:12,16,17) Divine judgments of famine, wild beasts, diseases and bloodshed are also described in Revelation.

(Eze 7:1-27) Description of end that comes on 4 corners of land of Israel is of similar character to end that comes on 4 corners of earth.

(Eze 7:3-4,8-9) Total Depravity meets Total Judgment without any Irresistible Grace. Occurs this way by God’s Decree.

(Eze 8:3,5) An image set up in God’s temple that provokes God’s jealousy i.e an abomination that causes desolation c.f. 2Th 2:4 – antichrist

(Eze 8:18) God is free to withhold his compassion and is free to not listen to respond to man’s cries.

(Eze 9:4-6) God has his people marked on foreheads (not literally) so that they are spared from God’s judgment c.f. Rev 7:2-3, 9:4.

(Eze 10:2,6-7) Burning coals are taken from God’s chariot-throne and scattered over the city bringing burning judgment.

(Eze 10:2,6-7) In Revelation fire repeatedly comes from God’s temple, his altar, his presence and falls to the earth in judgment.

(Eze 10-11) The judgment of God is interwoven with the account of the glory of God. The two cannot be distinguished.

(Eze 10-11) The judgment of God on Israel comes with the departure of God’s presence.

(Eze 11:16) Ezekiel has had a vision of God’s glory in exile so God is there. God promises to be a temple for his people in exile.

(Eze 11:16) God has gone into exile with his people. A pointer to God bearing the judgment of his people. c.f. the Cross.

(Eze 11:16) God himself as the people’s temple rather than a building. Christ is the temple of his scattered people.

(Eze 11:17) Judgment is a scattering. Salvation and restoration as a re-gathering of God’s people. NTemphasis on gathering people to Christ.

(Eze 11:19) The new covenant promise of regeneration and Irresistible Grace – God to GIVE a new heart so they might respond & obey.

(Eze 11:23) God’s glory departs from Zion and ascends from Mount of Olives. Christ, God’s glory, departs from the same place in same way.

(Eze 12:16) By scattering those judged among nations, people see God’s glory in judgment. c.f. Rom 9:17,23; Rev 11:18; 14:7; 16:5,7; 18:20.

(Eze 13:5) Christ as a prophet-son spoke words that do enable people to stand on the Day of the LORD.

(Eze 13:13) “In my anger hailstones and torrents of rain will fall with destructive fury” c.f. Rev 8:7; 11:19; 16:21.

(Eze 13:14) Falling down of walls and subsequent destruction of Jerusalem is paralleled in destruction of world-Babylon in Rev 11:13; 16:18.

(Eze 14:12-26) There is a limit to the effectiveness of Noah, Daniel & Job’s righteousness in regard to saving sinners. Not so with Christ’s

(Eze 14:21) God’s four disastrous acts of judgment, sword, famine, wild beasts and pestilence are also evident in Rev 6.

(Eze 14:21-22) God spares some of those judged so that all nations will see the glory of God displayed in their judgment.

(Eze 16:8) Christ loved his Bride, spread corner of his garment over, covered nakedness, made vow, entered into a covenant, made his own.

(Eze 16:9-14) Christ washes his bride, anoints with oil, clothes in beautiful clothes, gives perfect splendor, feeds fine flour, honey & oil

(Eze 16) God’s grace toward the earthly Jerusalem foreshadows his loving kindness to the heavenly New Jerusalem. Both described as brides.

(Eze 16) God’s judgment on the earthly Jerusalem foreshadows his judgment on the earthy world-Babylon. Both are described as whores.

(Eze 16:36) World-Babylon, like earthly Jerusalem, as a whore who shed the blood of God’s people c.f. Rev 17:6; 18:24; 19:2.

(Eze 16:37-41) Whore judged i.e. stoned to death. Men and nations turned to hate and gather to burn & destroy. c.f. Rev 17:16-18.

(Eze 16:60) Salvation as God remembering his covenant and establishing an everlasting covenant i.e. the New Covenant.

(Eze 16:62-63) The New Covenant causes God’s people to know him and to have sins atoned i.e. from the Cross.

(Eze 17:22-23) Christ is the sprig broken off from top of cedar & planted on a high mountain to bear fruit and give shelter to animals.

(Eze 17:22-23) Christ is the one from David’s family who, in God’s presence, will give life and shelter to people from all nations.

(Eze 17:24) God is sovereign in the bring down and raising up of kings.

(Eze 18:21-23) The wicked man can be saved when he turns away from all sins and repents. Sins will not be remembered against him. May it be!

(Eze 18:30-32) A new heart and a new spirit come from God but are to be sought in repentance. c.f. Eze 36:36.

(Eze 19) The house of David almost extinguished but God will preserve a stem from which Christ will come.

(Eze 20:9,13,14,16,20,21,22,24) Israel profaned God’s sabbaths, the sign of the covenant. In Christ the Sabbath is kept by God’s people.

(Eze 20:9,13,14,16,20,21,22,24) Israel profaned God’s sabbaths. God would not profane his holy name by ceasing to be faithful to his glory.

(Eze 20:40) In Christ our worship of God is acceptable to him.

(Eze 20:41) In Christ, God’s people are accepted, gathered, display God’s glory before all nations and given an inheritance – new earth.

(Eze 20:44) God saves people in Christ for the sake of his glory.

(Eze 21:21-22) Nebuchadnezzar shakes arrows like lots & consults animal livers to see which road to take. God determines the lot’s answer.

(Eze 21:25-27) God to ruin the house of David until Christ comes to whom rule belongs, to him God will give the throne.

(Eze 22:30-31) Christ is a man among people who builds up the wall and stood in the breach in order to safeguard people from God’s wrath.

(Eze 23:3,5,16,23,30, 40-42) World-Babylon in Rev 17:2,4; 18:3 is described in the same manner as OT Jerusalem – a prostitute with nations.

(Eze 23:22-34) World-Babylon also drinks the cup of God’s wrath as nations attack, loot and burn her. c.f. Rev 17:16; 18:6,9.

(Eze 23:36-37) Like OT Jerusalem, world-Babylon is condemned by prophetic witness for idolatry, adultery & shedding blood. c.f. Rev 11; 19:2

(Eze 23) Earthly Jerusalem under judgment is as one with world-Babylon so the same images & prophetic statements can be applied to both.

(Eze 23) c.f. Rev 11:8 where the earthly Jerusalem which crucified Jesus is merged with the great city Babylon.

(Eze 25) The judgment against the nations at the hand of Nebuchadnezzar foreshadows the final judgment of all nations by Christ.

(Eze 25:14) God will execute judgment on the nations with his people participating in that judgment. c.f. Dan 7:22; 1Co 6:2; Rev 19:14; 20:4

(Eze 26:1-17) The description of the fall of Tyre is very similar to that of world Babylon e.g. Rev 18:10,15,19.

(Eze 27:10-25) Description of Tyre’s wealth leading to judgment has a similar character to that of world-Babylon in Rev 18:11-13 & mourning.

(Eze 33:1-9) Salvation comes by hearing and obeying the word of God. Christ is the ultimate watchman over souls warning of judgment.

(Eze 33:10-20) Salvation requires repentance and perseverance in obedience. May God grant us both!

(Eze 33:13,16) Salvation as sins previously committed not being remembered against them. May God this also in Christ!

(Eze 34:12-16) God portrayed as Israel’s shepherd – gathering those that were scattered, searching for lost & strays, binding up the injured

(Eze 34:12-16) Fulfilled in Christ gathering all God’s sheep into one flock, searching for the lost, healing the poor, giving life Joh 10.

(Eze 34:23-24) Christ is the promised David, Shepherd-Prince of God’s people.

(Eze 34:25-31) A covenant of peace and agricultural fertility depicts life in the new earth. They God’s people, he their God.

(Eze 35) The prophecy against Edom can be understood as Edom representing the hostile nations opposed to God’s peoplec.f. Final judgment.

(Eze 36:8-12) Restoration as fruitfulness and life in the land. God’s people to possess the land. The renewed earth c.f. Rev 21-22.

(Eze 36:12) The covenant realized through Christ – People walking with God in God’s place, possessing their eternal inheritance.

(Eze 36:15) In the future the covenant curses of Deuteronomy will be removed. Indeed even curse of Genesis 3 will be no more in new earth.

(Eze 36:21-23,32) God acts in salvation primarily for the sake of his own glory and holiness rather than the worthiness of the recipients.

(Eze 36:24) The OT prediction of God gathering a people for himself from the nations finds a greater fulfillment in the NT …

(Eze 36:24) … as God gathers people from all nations to make up his people. Those gathered include Jews & Gentiles from midst of nations.

(Eze 36:25-27) New Covenant i.e. sprinkled clean, gift of a new heart and new spirit, regeneration by God’s Spirit so inclined to obedience.

(Eze 36:25-27) Ezekiel speaks of Israel & New Covenant in OT terms but NT makes it clear that fulfillment is in Christ & includes Gentiles.

(Eze 36:29-30,34-35) New earth described in terms of OT agricultural blessings – fruitfulness & life (c.f. Deut). Land restored & filled.

(Eze 36:35) The promised land, the OT foreshadowing of the new earth to “become like garden of Eden” c.f. Rev 21-22 is clear on fulfillment.

(Eze 37:4-10) God gives life through the Spirit’s prophetic work.

(Eze 37:7-10) This is just a great passage!!! rattling bones, flesh covered, breathing breath.

(Eze 37:10) God’s promise to Abraham of a great multitude will be realized in the resurrection.

(Eze 37:11-13) Resurrection ! The raising from the graves can only be understood as the work of Christ!

(Eze 37:14) New Covenant i.e. God to put his Spirit in his people and know the LORD. The meek will inherit the earth!

(Eze 37:21) Salvation and restoration again described as the work of Christ gathering his people from out among the nations. A major theme.

(Eze 37:22) God making one people under one king – removing divisions, even dividing walls between Jew & Gentiles c.f. Eph 2:14-18.

(Eze 37:23) New Covenant – no longer inclined to defilement, saved from backsliding, cleansed, made God’s people.

(Eze 37:24-25) Christ is God’s servant David, the shepherd-king over God’s obedient people. Their forever-prince.

(Eze 37:26) Another reference to New Covenant – covenant of peace, everlasting covenant. Ezekiel 37 must be seen as Christ’s New Covenant.

(Eze 37:26-29) God to place his sanctuary and dwell in the midst of his people forever. The sanctuary is that described in Eze 40-48.

(Eze 37:26-29) The fulfillment is realized in Rev 21:3 and the New Jerusalem as God’s sanctuary, his dwelling in midst of people eternally.

(Eze 38:2) Magog, Meshech and Tubal were tribes living in present day Turkey. This north-west region was Israel’s furtherest known north.

(Eze 38:5) Persia was the great power of the furthermost north-east and Cush the great power of the furthermost south, south of Egypt.

(Eze 38:1-6) Furthermost powerful nations of north-west, north-east & south are aligned to attack God’s people c.f. all nations Rev 20:8-9.

(Eze 38:7-8,10,17) The nations gather and are mustered by their own evil designs, by Satan and by God for judgment.

(Eze 38:7-8,10,17) c.f. Rev 16:12-14; 19:17-19; 20:7-8 The nations are called Gog and Magog and are deceived by Satan to attack God’s people

(Eze 38:17) An example of the fluidity of prophecy. God’s prophets had predicted Nebuchadnezzar. Now told these prophecies were about Gog.

(Eze 38) God’s people are described as living in the peace (described in OT covenant blessings) that God said would come from New Covenant.

(Eze 38:19) The end’s great eschatological earthquake is also spoken of in Revelation 8:5; 11:19; 16:17-21.

(Eze 38:20) An earthquake causing mountains to collapse and shake at God’s presence c.f. Rev 6:12-17.

(Eze 38:20) The collapsing of walls c.f. Rev 16:19.

(Eze 38:22) The falling of hailstones, fire and sulfur on the armies c.f. Rev 20:9; 16:21.

(Eze 39:17-20) The summons of wild animals and birds to ASSEMBLE for GREAT SUPPER and eat FLESH of listed classes. c.f. Rev 19:17-18 – same.

(Eze 39) The description of a multitude of dead bodies (reason it takes so long to bury & use of number 7) is testimony to great destruction

(Eze 39) The burial mound is a witness to God’s glory c.f. dead bodies outside New Jerusalem in Isa 66:24 and Rev 22:15.

(Eze 39:29) A repeated reference to the New Covenant pouring out of the Spirit. c.f, Acts 2 & Rom 11 – Pentecost, now & Israel’s conversion.

(Eze 40-48) Ezekiel and John both have Gog & Magog followed by a New Temple/New Jerusalem. John interprets Ezekiel. Shadow becomes reality.

(Eze 40-48) Ezekiel’s Temple Theology http://andrewgroves.s3.amazonaws.com/Ezekiel/Ezekiel’s Temple Theology (Andrew Groves).pdf

(Eze 40:2-3) Apocalyptic Literature – visions from a very high mountain, an angelic guide, expressions ‘like a city’, ‘appearance was like’.

(Eze 40:4) Unlike Israel, Ezekiel can look with his eyes, hear with his ears and set his heart on what he is shown in order to declare it.

(Eze 40:5) Walls measured for height and thickness, descriptions of gates and open spaces to emphasize separation of what is holy.

(Eze 40:5) In the future holiness will be respected in God’s presence in a way that it was not In Ezekiel 1-24.

(Eze 40:16,22,26,31,34,37; 41:18,19,20,25,25) The New Temple has palm trees engraved throughout. Recalls Eden.

(Eze 41:18,20,25) In between the palm trees of life are engravings of cherubim. trees of life and guardian cherubim again recall Eden.

(Eze 40-42) This temple is a symbol of Eden but realized in the New Jerusalem.

(Eze 41-42) Continues themes of gates, thicknesses and open spaces emphasizing a future in which God’s holiness is respected not defiled.

(Eze 40-42) The angel’s measuring rod & the apocalyptic measurements are not concerned with architecture but with theology. Same in Rev 21.

(Eze 43:1) Temple complex has a gate facing east, like the Garden of Eden of which it is a replica.

(Eze 43:2-4) Earlier Ezekiel had seen a vision of God’s glory leaving the temple. Now a reversal in which God’s glory fills the temple.

(Eze 43:7) The eschatological temple is where God’s presence dwells with his people forever. John identifies this temple with New Jerusalem.

(Eze 43:7-9) The former situation had only a wall between God’s temple and the dead bodies of Judah’s kings. In the eternal temple holiness.

(Eze 43:10-11) The design of the eternal temple is intended to be made known to the people not for their building it but …

(Eze 43:10-11) … rather so they will realize their sin and observe God’s holiness. Vision is a message from God in architectural form.

(Eze 43:12) The law of the New Temple is respecting God’s holiness.

(Eze 44:5) Ezekiel and Israel are to see with their eyes and hear with their ears the entrances and exists i.e. they are to learn holiness.

(Eze 44:6-31) In the future the priests will not be as they were but will be holy e.g. not sexually immoral, observe sabbaths.

(Eze 45:7-9) In the future the prince will not oppress God’s people and will fulfill his duties in providing animals for sacrifices.

(Eze 45:18-20) A feast like the Day of Atonement. As with sacrifices these details conform in part with Moses but are also very different.

(Eze 44-46) Future as ideal observances of Law of Moses (priests, prince, sacrifices, feasts) yet details substantially changed as well.

(Eze 44-46) The changed details suggest that the future will not simply be a return to Moses but something quite different although related.

(Eze 44-46) The prince is ‘David their prince’ mentioned earlier in Ezekiel, that is, Christ described in OT terms.

(Eze 44-46) The sacrifices for sin provided by Christ the prince are not animals (Ezekiel’s shadows) but his own blood.

(Eze 47:1-6) A river of the water of life flows from the temple i.e. God’s presence c.f. New Jerusalem Rev 22:1.

(Eze 47:8-11) The river brings life restoring Canaan to Eden. In Revelation the river also brings life, making the whole earth as Eden.

(Eze 47:12) On side of river are fruit trees bearing fruit each month, leaves for healing. Exact same phrases used in Rev 22:2 in new earth.

(Eze 47:13-20) Boundaries of Canaan described in fullest extent. God’s people to possesses the land. c.f Rom 4:13 OT shadow= new earth

(Eze 47:21-23) Life in restored Edenic-Canaan is to have an INHERITANCE. This is the NT’s favorite word for the future of Christ’s people.

(Eze 47:22-23) Even Gentiles shall be joined to God’s people and inherit the land. Ultimate fulfillment all nations blessed in new earth.

(Eze 48:1-29) Another back glance to the ideal past but now in different order pointing to a future like the past yet discontinuous as well.

(Eze 48:30-34) Ezekiel’s New Jerusalem, like John’s New Jerusalem, has twelves gates named after the tribes of Israel c.f. Rev 21:12-13.

(Eze 48:35) The eternal nature of Ezekiel’s New Jerusalem is the LORD’s presence in the city c.f. Rev 21:3; 22:3.

(Eze 40-48) Gog and Magog followed by New Jerusalem. John has same pattern. John interprets Eze 40-48 in light of Christ & eternity.

(Eze 40-48) The two passages are too similar not to be identified together. Differences have to do with shadow verses reality.

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