Archive for August 5th, 2010

9781844742851 One of the books in my library is “From Eden to the New Jerusalem: Exploring God’s Plan for Life on Earth” by T. Desmond Alexander.

As suggested by the title ‘From Eden to the New Jerusalem’, this book shows how a number of Biblical theological themes are traced throughout the Bible. The contents page is reproduced below.

This is a really great book to buy! It can be bought online from Book Depository for $16.35 including postage (Australian dollars). This book will help anyone wanting to learn the Bible better.


1. Introduction

2. From sacred garden to holy city: experiencing the presence of God
The motif of temple
The temple-garden of Eden
The tabernacle
The Jerusalem temple
The church as temple

3. Thrown from the throne: re-establishing the sovereignty of God
The throne of God
Adam and Eve as God’s viceroys
The theocracy of Israel
The church and the kingdom of God

4. Dealing with the devil: destroying the source of evil
The dragon who is the devil and Satan
Ruler of this world
The ancient serpent
The kings of the earth
Satan defeated
Satan’s reign ended
Resisting the devil

5. The slaughter of the Lamb: accomplishing the redemption of creation
The Lamb
Christ, our Passover Lamb
The Passover in Exodus

6. Feasting from the tree of life: reinvigorating the lives of people from every nation
Holy people in the New Jerusalem
Holiness and wholeness
The tree of life
Ecological transformation
Social transformation

7. Strong foundations and solid walls: living securely among the people of God
Old and New Testaments united
Genuine hope
A tale of two cities

8. Conclusion

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Sin is always at work in our flesh desiring to kill us. Sometimes sin tempts us to wallow in a mire of idolatry in which we think thoughts about God that are unworthy of him and end up serving idols which possess an uncanny resemblance to ourselves. Other times sin works to turn our affections toward the lusts of our eyes and hearts. Some of us experience daily temptations, daily anxieties, daily miseries and daily afflictions that are a part and parcel of life’s daily trials. On occasion there are fiery trials that come blazing like a sudden spark out of nowhere or like darts from our own hearts that we still surprisingly shoot at ourselves.

Sometimes people say that whatever doesn’t kill you makes you stronger. Is it true that the sin that doesn’t kill us makes a stronger?

On one hand we do become stronger and more mature as we experience Christ’s deliverance from sin. On the other hand, our confrontation with sin causes us to feel weaker. Whether we succumb to sin or are victorious we find that our confrontation with sin causes us to become less dependent on our own strength and more dependent on God’s power.

The sin that doesn’t kill us, by God’s grace, causes us to perceive ourselves as weaker than we previously thought and weaker in our self-dependence. In our state of weakness we become more dependent on God’s power.

What hasn’t killed me has made me weaker and when I am weak then I am strong in Christ.

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The decrees of God are eternal rather than made in temporal time.

The decrees of God are wise, that is, they consist of the best possible ends and of the fittest means of executing those ends.

The decrees of God are free and not influenced by any external cause. He was free to decree or not to decree, and to decree one thing and not another. Thus God is free and supreme, independent and sovereign in all his doings.

The decrees of God are absolute and unconditional. The execution of them is not suspended upon any condition which may, or may not be, performed. In every instance where God has decreed an end, he has also decreed every means to that end. The One who decreed the salvation of His elect also decreed to work faith in them.

Source: Adapted from ‘The Decrees of God’ by A.W. Pink, The Attributes of God.

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(Jer 1:5) Christ is THE prophet, known by God before he formed him in the womb, consecrated you and appointed a prophet to the nations.

(Jer 1:7,9) Christ was taught by the LORD, sent by him and spoke the word’s his Father gave him c.f. Joh 14:10,24.

(Jer 1:10) Christ is prophet set by God with authority over nations & kingdoms, to pluck up & break down, destroy & overthrow, build & plant

(Jer 1:19) Christ is the prophet against whom people fought but whom God delivered.

(Jer 2:13) Rejecting God is forsaking fountain of living waters & hewing out one’s own broken cisterns. c.f. Christ provides living waters.

(Jer 2:21) Israel once a cultivated vine but now a degenerated wild vine. c.f. Rom 11:17-24.

(Jer 2:22) Israel washes herself with lye and soap but stain of her guilt remains. A work achieved by Christ alone.

(Jer 3:12-14) Salvation is possible due to repentance and God’s not looking with anger but mercy.

(Jer 3:14) In Christ God saves a remnant from families and towns.

(Jer 3:15) Christ gives his people shepherds after his own heart who feed his people with knowledge and understanding. c.f. Eph 4:11-13.

(Jer 3:16-18) God’s people restored as one people who include Gentiles. New Jerusalem is as ark of the covenant, God’s throne. c.f. Rev 22:3

(Jer 4:4) Christ makes a man a new creation via spiritual circumcision i.e. removing the foreskin of your hearts. c.f. Col 2:11.

(Jer 4:4) Judgment as wrath going forth like fire and burn with none to quench it. c.f. Christ’s teaching on hell.

(Jer 4:23-28) Earth without form & void, heavens no lights, mountains quaking, no birds, fruitful land a desert, no man. Then new creation.

(Jer 5:18) God’s salvation is achieved by his saving a remnant.

(Jer 5:21) Israel as blind and deaf. Only Christ can regenerate.

(Jer 5:22) God as having made sand a boundary for the sea, a perpetual barrier it cannot pass; though the waves toss and roar. c.f. Rev 21:1

(Jer 6:10) Uncircumcised ears that cannot listen. Deaf ears can only hear God’s words when opened by Christ i.e. regeneration.

(Jer 6:16) Christ is the ancient path and a right way in which to walk.

(Jer 7:11-14) The temple as a den of robbers made to be like Shiloh. Christ says the same thing of the temple to be destroyed by the Romans.

(Jer 7:20) Anger and wrath poured out, burning and not quenched. Also true of final judgment.

(Jer 7:32-33) Valley of Gehenna as a place where people are slaughtered and dead bodies are exposed to the wild animals. A shadow of hell.

(Jer 7:34) Judgment as silencing voice of mirth and voice of gladness, voice of the bridegroom and voice of the bride. c.f. Rev 18:23.

(Jer 8:2) Judgment as dead bodies left unburied and exposed like dung on the ground. Shadow of final judgment.

(Jer 9:15) Judgment as feeding people with bitter food and giving them poisonous water to drink. c.f. Rev 8:11.

(Jer 9:22) Judgment as dead bodies of men like dung on open field, like sheaves after reaper with none to gather. Shadow of final judgment.

(Jer 9:23-24) No boasting in wisdom, power, riches but rather boasting that we know the LORD in Christ. c.f. 1 Cor 3:18-20.

(Jer 9:25-26) A distinction is made between circumcision in the flesh and circumcision of the heart. c.f. Rom 2:28-29; Php 3:3; Col 2:11.

(Jer 10:10) Salvation is in the LORD as the true and living God before whom creation quakes.

(Jer 10:13) God’s sovereign providence. The rain, mist, lightning and winds obey God’s command and come from his storehouses.

(Jer 11:16) Israel as a green olive tree, beautiful, good fruit. Planted by the LORD & burned with lightning in the storm. c.f. Rom 11:16-24

(Jer 11:19,22) Christ, like Jeremiah, as a lamb led to the slaughter, as a tree that wicked desire to destroy because they reject his words.

(Jer 12:15-10) God to have compassion on both Jews and Gentiles. Both to receive inheritance in new earth. Nations to learn God’s ways.

(Jer 12:15-10) continued – Rebel nations destroyed. c.f. Christ, rapture, new earth, Har Mageddon.

(Jer 13:11) In the New Covenant we cling to Christ as a loincloth clings to the waist of a man.

(Jer 13:12-13) Just as jars are filled with wine so God will fill people with the wine of his wrath. c.f. Revelation’s wine press imagery.

(Jer 13:16) Judgment as God bringing gloom and deep darkness, making feet to stumble. c.f. Christ uses the same imagery of judgment.

(Jer 13:21) Judgment as pangs like those of a woman in labor. c.f. Mat 24:8. Christ uses the same imagery of present judgment.

(Jer 13:23) Total depravity – capacity to do good is as possible as an Ethiopian changing his skin or a leopard his spots, i.e. impossible.

(Jer 14:7) Salvation as Christ acting for his glory though iniquities testify against God’s people and their backslidings are many.

(Jer 14:8) Christ with his people as their hope and saviour – not being as a temporary stranger or traveler who tarries only for a night.

(Jer 14:9) Salvation as Christ being a mighty warrior in the midst of his people who are called by his name and not leaving them.

(Jer 14:21) Christ, like Jeremiah, intercedes for God’s people i.e. not spurn for sake of his glorious throne and to remember his covenant.

(Jer 15:1) Election – God will sometimes refuse to respond to people’s intercession on behalf of other.

(Jer 15:2) Pestilence, sword, famine and captivity c.f. Rev 13:10. Jerusalem’s 587 B.C. judgment is a type of the final judgment in history.

(Jer 15:14) Judgment as God’s anger being like a fire that is kindled and shall burn forever.

(Jer 15:15) Christ, like Jeremiah, is God’s prophet known, remembered & visited by God in salvation. He bears reproach for God’s glory.

(Jer 15:16) Christ, like Jeremiah, is a prophet who eats God’s words, finds them a joy & delight in his heart and is called by God’s name.

(Jer 15:19) Christ, like Jeremiah, is a prophet who stands before the LORD, is as God’s mouth & is uncompromising in his faithfulness to God

(Jer 15:20-21) Christ, like Jeremiah, is a prophet who is as a fortified bronze wall not overcome. God is with him to save and deliver him.

(Jer 16:9) Judgment as the silencing of the voice of mirth & voice of gladness, the voice of bridegroom & voice of bride. c.f. Rev 18:21-23.

(Jer 16:14-15) The OT shadow shall be realised when Christ shall gather his people from all nations and cause them to inherit the new earth.

(Jer 16:19) In Christ the nations come from the ends of the earth turning away from idolatry. C.f. 1Th 1:9-10.

(Jer 17:1) Christ is able to remove sin that is written with a pen of iron or point of diamond engraved on the tablet of hearts.

(Jer 17:5-8) Man not trusting as shurb in dwelling alone in parched land. Christ trusted as tree planted by water, green leaf, bears fruit.

(Jer 17:13) Christ is the fountain of living water and those who forsake him are written in the dust (death) c.f. Joh 8:6.

(Jer 17:14) Salvation as healing. The healings by the Christ indicate that he is God the savior.

(Jer 17:19-21) Ultimately the call to Sabbath observance is to enter the sabbath-rest achieved by Christ.

(Jer 17:24-26) Sabbath keeping in Christ = New Jerusalem as everlasting city with Christ as king and all nation in new earth worshiping God.

(Jer 17:27) A rejection of Christ’s sabbath-rest means destruction by fire that will not be quenched.

(Jer 18:1-6) Election – Like the clay in the potter’s hand, so are people in God’s hands. He can do with them as he wills. C.f. Rom 9:18-24.

(Jer 18:7-10) Christ plants and plucks up the kingdoms of the world as he chooses.

(Jer 18:18) Christ, like Jeremiah, is rejected by the priests, the wise and the false prophets.

(Jer 18:20,22) The wicked dug a pit for the life of the Christ & laid snares for his fee who as God’s prophet stood to turn wrath from them.

(Jer 19:6-7) The Valley of Gehenna as a fiery rubbish dump and place of decaying flesh is a symbol of final judgment.

(Jer 20:13) Christ as one singing praise to the God who has delivered his life from the hand of evildoers.

(Jer 22:24) Jehoiachin’s line is rejected but Jesus is an heir to that line and descended from Nathan son of David. C.f. Mat 1; Luk 3.

(Jer 23:3) Christ shall gather remnant of God’s flock out of all nations & bring them to their fold so that they are fruitful and multiply.

(Jer 23:4) Christ sets under-shepherds over his people to care for them.

(Jer 23:5-6) Christ is the righteous branch from David’s family who reigns as king over God’s people bringing them righteousness and peace.

(Jer 23:7-8) A new exodus finally realized at return of Christ as he gathers from all nations and causes them to inherit the new earth.

(Jer 23:9) Christ, like Jeremiah, is a prophet with a broken heart, bones shaking, as a man overcome with wine in sorrow for God’s people.

(Jer 23:14) The world to be judged can be called Egypt, Babylon, the earthly Jerusalem and Sodom and Gomorrah. C.f. Rev 11:8.

(Jer 23:15) Judgment as God giving false prophets bitter food to eat and poisoned water to drink. C.f. Rev 8:11.

(Jer 23:40) OT language of final judgment i.e. God causing everlasting reproach and perpetual shame which shall not be forgotten.

(Jer 24:6) In Christ God sets his eyes on his remnant for good, will gather them to his new creation, build them up and plant them.

(Jer 24:7) In Christ remnant is given new heart to know God, made his people and caused to repent. i.e. New Covenant Irresistible Grace.

(Jer 25:10) Judgment as the banishing of voice of mirth, gladness, bridegroom, bride, grinding of millstones and light of lamp.

(Jer 25:10) Quoted in Rev 18:22-23 of the fall of Babylon, the world. The events of 587 B.C. are a foreshadowing of the End.

(Jer 25:15-28) Judgment as a cup of the wine of wrath that every nation on earth must drink. C.f. Rev 14:10; 16:19; 18:6.

(Jer 25:16,27) Judgment as drinking, staggering, becoming crazed, vomiting, falling to rise no more.

(Jer 25:30) Judgment as Christ returning, roaring from his heavenly dwelling and shouting like those who tread grapes. c.f. Rev 14:18-20.

(Jer 25:31) Christ shall cause sound of judgment to be heard in all earth as he judges all flesh with sword of his mouth c.f. Rev 19:15,21.

(Jer 25:32) Judgment as Christ’s coming like a great tempest stirring from the farthest parts of the earth.

(Jer 25:33) Judgment as Christ piercing all flesh to the ends of earth. Dead bodies scattered and unburied as dung on surface of the ground.

(Jer 26:2-3) Christ, like Jeremiah, stood in the court of the LORD’s house and spoke all God’s words to the people not holding back a word.

(Jer 26:4-6) Israel rejected Christ’s words causing temple to become like Shiloh in 70 A.D. as had their rejection of Jeremiah in 587 B.C.

(Jer 26:7-8) As the priests rejected Jeremiah and sought to put him to death so too the priests reject Christ seeking his life.

(Jer 27:22; 29:10) Salvation as God visiting his people and restoring them to the place of his presence.

(Jer 29:11-14) Salvation as regeneration i.e. God causing his people to call on him and his hearing them.

(Jer 29:11-14) Salvation as regeneration i.e. God causing them to seek him with all their heart and his being found by them.

(Jer 29:14; 30:3) Salvation as Christ gathering his people (now & rapture) and restoring them to the place of his presence (New Jerusalem).

(Jer 30:7) God saves his people out of the midst of a time of great tribulation.

(Jer 30:8) Salvation as Christ breaking the yoke from the neck and bursting bonds i.e. redeeming from slavery to sin, Satan and death.

(Jer 30:9) Christ is ‘David their king’ whom God raised up for his people.

(Jer 30:12-13) Judgment by Christ as an incurable hurt or a grievous wound with no medicine or healing.

(Jer 30:17) Salvation by Christ as a restoration of health and healing of wounds.

(Jer 30:18-19) Salvation as not silencing but rather the sound of voices of celebration and songs of thanksgiving c.f. Rev 18:20-23; 19:1-6.

(Jer 30:21-22) Christ is God’s chosen prince from among his brothers whom God draws near to himself that he may approach God.

(Jer 30:21-22) Christ is God’s chosen prince whom God draws near to himself so that people will be in a covenant relationship with God.

(Jer 31:4-5) Salvation in the kingdom described in the poetic image of playing tambourines and dancing with joy as one drinks wine.

(Jer 31:8) Christ shall gather his people as a great multitude from the farthest parts of the earth including the blind, lame and pregnant.

(Jer 31:9) God gives his people repentance. Christ leads them on the way by living waters, preventing them from stumbling. God as a father.

(Jer 31:10) Salvation as Christ gathering and keeping his sheep as a shepherd keeps his flock.

(Jer 31:11) Salvation as God’s people ransomed with an act of power i.e. the cross.

(Jer 31:12) Salvation as coming into God’s presence and being radiant with the goodness of the LORD.

(Jer 31:12) Salvation as agricultural covenant blessings and living like a watered garden. c.f. Eden, new earth.

(Jer 31:13-14) Salvation as young women dancing, young and old men being joyful, turning mourning/sorrow into dancing/gladness. c.f Rev 21:4

(Jer 31:15-17) Rachel’s mourning shall end with the coming of the Christ out of Egypt. c.f Mat 2.

(Jer 31:21) Salvation as traveling a road with guideposts i.e. Christ as the Way.

(Jer 31:27-28) God will plant his people causing them to experience fruitfulness.

(Jer 31:31) Salvation as the new covenant established in Christ.

(Jer 31:32-34) New covenant in Christ. God’s law written in hearts, relationship, all will know LORD, iniquity forgiven, sin not remembered.

(Jer 31:35-37) God is committed to the final perseverance of the saints.

(Jer 31:35-37) The everlasting nature of the new covenant is compared to the regular laws governing the sun, moon, starts and sea.

(Jer 31:38-40) Salvation as the rebuilding of God’s city – measured for eternal security and the whole city made holy. c.f. New Jerusalem.

(Jer 32:37-28) Christ shall gather his people from all nations so they dwell in safety. My people and I will be their God. c.f. Rev 21:3.

(Jer 32:39) God’s people given a new heart and new way so they might fear the LORD forever. i.e. regeneration through Spirit of Christ.

(Jer 32:40) Everlasting covenant, God not turning from doing good, God putting his fear in their hearts so they do not turn (regeneration).

(Jer 32:41) Salvation as God doing his people good and planting them in the new earth in faithfulness, with all my heart and all my soul.

(Jer 33:6) Salvation as God bringing health and healing to his people.

(Jer 33:8) Salvation as God cleansing from sin and guilt, forgiving sin and rebellion.

(Jer 33:9) New Jerusalem as a delight to God bringing him joy, praise and glory before all nations of earth who experience God’s goodness.

(Jer 33:10-11) In New Jerusalem shall be heard voices of joy, gladness, bridegroom, bride & singers i.e. eternity in OT expressions.

(Jer 33:12-13) Salvation as the inhabiting of the whole of the promised land i.e. the new earth.

(Jer 33:14-18) Christ is the righteous Branch to spring up for David who executes justice and righteousness and saves God’s people.

(Jer 33:16) The New Jerusalem will be called: ‘The LORD is our righteousness.’

(Jer 33:19-26) God’s covenant with Abraham and David is eternally guaranteed and fulfilled in Christ and his achievement.

(Jer 31-33) These chapters of a new covenant with Israel. The NT very clearly applies this to Church i.e. Israel with Gentiles grafted in.

(Jer 36-40) As Judah rejects Jeremiah the prophet and causing him to suffer, so the Jews reject Christ causing him to suffer.

(Jer 39:16-18) Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, unlike most Jews, responds with trusting faith and gains life.

(Jer 39:16-18) Many Gentiles, unlike most Jews, respond to Christ with trusting faith and gain life.

(Jer 43) An example of total depravity in terms of hardened hearts against God’s word and a desire to trust and live in Egypt.

(Jer 44) An example of total depravity and darkened minds that are unable to correctly read the providence of God in their circumstances.

(Jer 46:27) Salvation as God causing his people not to fear, saving them in exile, returning them to his presence, giving them peace.

(Jer 46:28) Salvation as God making a full end of all the nations but saving for himself a remnant that belongs to him.

(Jer 48:47) Even Moab shall be restored in the latter days i.e. as Gentile peoples are brought to Christ and finally in new earth.

(Jer 49:2) Israel to possess the land of the Ammonites. Ultimately God’s people possess the whole new earth.

(Jer 49:6) Even Ammon shall be restored in the latter days i.e. as Gentile peoples are brought to Christ and finally in new earth.

(Jer 49:39) Even Elam shall be restored in the latter days i.e. as Gentile peoples are brought to Christ and finally in new earth.

(Jer 50:1-3) The destruction of Babylon in OT language foreshadows the destruction of the world-Babylon in Revelation 17-18.

(Jer 50:4) In the last days God’s people will be made one and in repentance seek the LORD their God in Christ c.f. Rom 11.

(Jer 50:5) Salvation as a road to Zion i.e. Christ. Cleaving to Christ in an everlasting covenant.

(Jer 50:8) Salvation as fleeing Babylon like male goats before the flock. c.f. Rev 18:4

(Jer 50:15,28-29) World-Babylon’s fall as vengeance of LORD for what she has done to his people. c.f. Rev 18:6; 18:20; 19:2.

(Jer 50:19) In the last days God shall restore his people so that they graze as sheep in the whole land. c.f. Rev 7:16-17 and the new earth.

(Jer 50:20) In the last days no sin will be found in God’s people. They shall be a pardoned remnant.

(Jer 50:34) Salvation in Christ, the strong Redeemer.

(Jer 51:5) The Bride, the New Jerusalem, is not been forsaken by the LORD of hosts but world-Babylon is full of guilt against the Holy One.

(Jer 51:6,45) God’s people urged to flee Babylon c.f. Rev 18:4. Time of God’s vengeance, the repayment he is rendering her c.f. Rev 18:6,20.

(Jer 51:7) World-Babylon was a golden cup making all the earth drunk and mad c.f. Rev 18:3.

(Jer 51:9) World-Babylon unable to be healed. Her judgment has reached up to heaven c.f. Rev 19:3.

(Jer 51:10-11;24,35,49,56) World-Babylon’s judgment is the LORDs vindication of his people resulting in praise c.f. Rev 18:6,20; 19:3-5.

(Jer 51:20-23) God’s people as a hammer he uses, an instrument to judge and break the peoples of the world into pieces. c.f. Rev 2:27; 12:5.

(Jer 51:34) Judgment as being devoured, crushed, made an empty vessel, being swallowed like a monster and then excreted out as waste.

(Jer 51:39,57) Judgment on Babylon as being made drunk and before falling asleep in a perpetual sleep and never waking again.

(Jer 51:48) The heavens and the earth shall sing for joy over world-Babylon’s destruction. c.f Rev 14:7-8; 18:20.

(Jer 52:31-35) Release of last Davidic king, Jehoiachin, gives hope. Israel’s sin has not caused God’s promises to fail. Christ will come.

(Lam 1-5) The description of the judgment on Jerusalem reveals the wrath of God that fell on Christ.

(Lam 2:11) Christ also had weeping eyes, churning stomach and poured out bile over the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. c.f Luke 19:41-44

(Lam 3:21-23) Salvation comes from hope in the never ceasing love, mercy and great faithfulness of God that is made new every morning.

(Lam 3:24-30) Salvation is to hope and quietly wait upon the LORD as one’s inheritance.

(Lam 3:31-32) The LORD will not cast off forever Though he causes grief he will have compassion according to abundance of his steadfast love

(Lam 3:38) Providence – Is it not from the mouth of the Most High that good and bad come?

(Lam 5:19-22) Salvation is in God who reigns from his throne forever He remembers, restores, renews, not utterly reject or exceedingly angry

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