Archive for July 17th, 2010

(Hos 1:10) The fulfillment of a people more than sand who are children of God c.f. Joh 1:12; Rom 8:14-17, Rom 9:26; 2Co 6:18; Gal 4:6-7.

(Hos 1:11) The one head under whom Israel will experience restoration is Christ. c.f. Eph 1:22.

(Hos 2:14-15) In the wilderness God again spoke to his people calling them to repentance and renewal through the prophet John.

(Hos 2:19-20) The relationship between God/Christ and his people is as a marriage covenant.

(Hos 2:21-22,18) Conditions in the new earth described in terms of OT agricultural covenant blessings.

(Hos 2:23) Christ makes both not-my-people-Israel and not-my-people-Gentiles to be God’s people. See how verse is quoted in Rom 9:24-26.

(Hos 2) Metaphors – faithless & faithful marriage, the giving or taking of agricultural gifts as a curse or blessing.

(Hos 3:5) The returning to God & seeking of David, Israel’s king, is fulfilled in Israel seeking Jesus in Acts 2 & when all Israel is saved.

(Hos 4) Metaphors – a stubborn heifer, blown away by the wind.

(Hos 5) Metaphors of judgment – wrath poured out like water, God as a moth, dry rot and a devouring lion.

(Hos 6) Metaphors – God’s love is like spring rains that refreshes with new life. Israel’s love is like a morning mist that disappears.

(Hos 7) Metaphors – God’s people like a senseless dove. God will bring down the birds of heaven in his net of judgment.

(Hos 8) Metaphors of Israel in sin – they sow & reap the wind, a people swallowed up, a useless vessel, a wild donkey.

(Hos 9) Metaphors – Prophet as watchman. Israel like a fruit tree but root will be dried up and no fruit. Israel’s glory fly away as bird.

(Hos 10:8) Cry to mountains to cover them & hills to hid them c.f. Isa 2:19; Luk 23:30; Rev 6:16 in response to Jesus acting in judgment.

(Hos 10:12) John called Israel to this repentance and Jesus rained down his Spirit of righteousness.

(Hos 10) Metaphors – perish like twig on waters, Israel like a calf needing a yoke, eaten fruit of lies, sow & reap crops of behavior.

(Hos 11:1) As God brought his son, Israel, out of Egypt so too God brought his son, Jesus (Israel-reduced-to-one) out of Egypt.

(Hos 11:8-9) God’s womb-like compassion and unchanging character is the reason why sinners are saved and not treated as Sodom & Gomorrah.

(Hos 11:9) In Jesus, the Holy God came into Israel’s midst, not in wrath.

(Hos 11:10-11) Roaring like a lion & blowing the trumpet God will gather his people in the rapture from the anti-God nations of the world.

(Hos 11) Metaphors – Israel as child held by God, led like animal with halter, as small birds & feeding/chasing wind, God as a roaring lion.

(Hos 12:13) Another prophet like Moses is needed, that is, the Christ.

(Hos 13) Metaphors – Israel like morning mist, chaff in the wind, smoke i.e. will not endure.

(Hos 13) Metaphors – God like a lion, leopard, bear, wild animal lurking, falling, tearing open and devouring.

(Hos 13) Metaphors – Israel’s judgment is as a tree withered in the hot wind or a fountain spring that is dried up.

(Hos 13:14) The plagues and sting of death that came on Israel in Hosea’s day is removed by Christ’s cross & resurrection c.f. 1 Cor 15:55.

(Hos 14:4) God’s promise to heal, love and turn wrath from them is realised in the coming of the Christ.

(Hos 14:5-6) Metaphor – God as the morning dew causing Israel to blossom as a lily, take root like trees of Lebanon, beauty like olive tree.

(Hos 14:8) Metaphor – God as an evergreen cypress tree from whom comes Israel’s fruit. cf John 15 Christ is the vine & in him we bear fruit.

(Joel 1) The plague of locusts in Joel’s day is a foreshadowing of the Day of the LORD at Christ’s return.

(Joel 1:8) Metaphor – Mourning and lamentation like virgin whose bridegroom dies before consummation.

(Joel 2) The Day of the LORD is Christ’s return. Compare Joel 2:4 with Rev 9:7. Day of darkness, earthquakes, sun/moon darkened Rev 6:12-13.

(Joel 2:11) The return of Christ on his white horse with his armies of holy ones, executing judgment by his word c.f. Rev 19:11-16.

(Joel 2:11) The Day of the LORD is great and awesome who can stand? c.f. Rev 6:16-17 and Rev 7:9.

(Joel 2:12-13) Salvation in rending hearts not garments, returning, God’s character as gracious, merciful, slow to anger, steadfast love.

(Joel 2:20) The defeat of Gog and Magog c.f. Eze 38-39; Rev 20:7-9. NT ultimate fulfillment is judgment in lake of burning sulfur – stench.

(Joel 2:18-19,21-27) Conditions in the new earth as described in OT terms of covenant blessings in Canaan. The OT shadow of eternal state.

(Joel 2:28-29) The pouring out of God’s Spirit on all people is seen in Acts 2 as fulfilled at Pentecost as Christ sends his Spirit.

(Joel 2:30) The Day of the LORD – signs, wonders, heaven, earth, sun, moon, darkness. Associated with Christ’s death, resurrection & return.

(Joel 2:32) Fulfilled as Jews and Gentiles call on the name of Jesus in order to be spared judgment c.f. Rom 10:9-13.

(Joel 2:32) Those saved are those whom the LORD calls i.e. election. God first calls to the elect which causes them to then call on Jesus.

(Joel 3:2) The war of Har Meggedon. God judges nations based on how they have treated his people. c.f. Mat 24 Parable of sheep and goats.

(Joel 3:11-16) As in Rev 16:14-16; 19:19; 20:8 nations are gathered by Satan to make war on God’s people and gathered by God for judgment.

(Joel 3:13) The judgment described as a sickle to harvest and treading of winepress is repeated in Rev 14:14-20 as final judgment by Christ.

(Joel 3:17) God’s dwelling with man and the whole of Jerusalem as holy is fulfilled in New Jerusalem in Revelation 21.

(Joel 3:18) The new earth described in terms of OT shadows. Fountain from LORD’s house becomes River of Life c.f. Eze 47:1-9; Rev 22:1-2.

(Joel 3:19) Egypt and Edom stand for all nations opposed to God. Desolate wilderness is OT shadow language for permanent destruction.

(Joel 3:19) A desolate wilderness contrasts with a river of water. The contrast is between judgment/dry/death and blessing/water/life.

(Amos 1-2) God’s judgment by fire on the nations in the 8th century foreshadows the judgment of all nations by fire at the End c.f.Rev 17:16

(Amos 3:6) Evil does not come to a city unless the LORD has done it – sovereign providence.

(Amos 3:7) God reveals his secret providences through his servants the prophets and ultimately in the Prophet Jesus.

(Amos 3:12) Metaphor of judgment – Israel saved as a lamb’s legs or piece of ear saved from the mouth of a lion – not good.

(Amos 4:6) Metaphor of judgment – cleanness of teeth i.e. no food.

(Amos 4:7-10) God’s sovereign providence expresses his judgment through means i.e. his control over rain, mildew, locusts, disease.

(Amos 5:6) Metaphor of judgment – God as a devouring fire that is unquenchable.

(Amos 5:10) Hatred of the righteous man who speaks the truth culminates in Israel’s rejection of Christ.

(Amos 5:18-20) The Day of the LORD, the return of Christ, will be a day of unavoidable judgment – run from lion, meet bear, bit by snake.

(Amos 8:11-12) One way by which God judges is by depriving people of his Word. A famine of hearing word of the LORD broke with John Baptist.

(Amos 9:2-3) No escaping judgment on the last day whether seeking refuge on mountains or in the sea, whether in the heavens or in Sheol.

(Amos 9:7) God’s interest is in all nations. He is sovereign over all the exodus of each nation in giving them places to live on his earth.

(Amos 9:8) God promises to save a remnant of Israelites to save for his glory c.f. Rom 11:1-5.

(Amos 9:11) God’s raising up David’s fallen tent is fulfilled in his restoring the David kingship in the Christ.

(Amos 9:12) The raising of David’s tent to rule the remnant of nations is fulfilled in Christ’s saving Gentiles c.f. James in Acts 15:14-17.

(Amos 9:13-15) Agricultural blessings, mountains dripping with wine, restored ruins & eternal security describe conditions in the new earth.

(Obad 15) Judgment on Edom foreshadows the judgment on all nations at the End. Metaphor – nations drunk with wine – confused, stagger, fall.

(Obad 17) God’s people experience salvation and the New Jerusalem will be holy.

(Obad 18) God’s people to take part in the eschatology battle executing judgment on the nations c.f. Zec 12:6; 14:14

(Obad 19-20) God’s people will possess the lands surrounding Canaan, in fact, God’s people will possess the earth. c.f. Abraham & Rom 4:13.

(Obad 21) Deliverers/leaders on Mt Zion will judge people of Mt Edom and rule the earth as vice-regal representatives in the LORD’s kingdom.

(Jonah 1:16) The worshiping of Gentiles foreshadows God’s future saving work amongst Gentiles causing them to worship God of land and sea.

(Jonah 1:17) Jonah is three days and three nights in the bowels of the earth, that is, Sheol. Jonah is as dead but will be raised. Christ!

(Jonah 2:2,4,6) God saves Jonah from the belly of Sheol, from the waters of judgment, from the pit of the grave. A foreshadowing of Christ.

(Jonah 3:5,10) God’s saving the Gentiles through repentance and faith again foreshadows the future ingathering of Gentiles in Christ.

(Jonah 4:2) God’s character, gracious, merciful, slow to anger, abounding in steadfast love & relenting from disaster is basis for salvation

(Jonah 4:6,11) The one & same God appointed the fish, plant, worm, scorching east wind, hot sun. God’s providence employed to judge & save.

(Mic 1:3-4) This description of God coming could be applied to the End as well … treading high places of earth, causing earthquakes.

(Mic 2:12-13) Christ is the prophesied shepherd-king who gathers the lost sheep to himself & leads them out into good pastures. c.f Mat 10:6

(Mic 3:8) Christ is the true prophet – filled with power, the Spirit of the LORD, justice & power, to declare to Israel his transgression.

(Mic 3:12, 1:6) Metaphor of judgment – city in ruins and plowed like a field or overgrown with thickets or planted as a vineyard.

(Mic 4:1-2) Raising of temple mountain and pilgrimage of nations to hear God’s Word is realized in Christ as he draws all men to himself.

(Mic 4:3-5) Conditions in the new earth will be peace & walking in God’s name in righteousness. Metaphor – each man sit under vine/fig tree.

(Mic 4:6-7) Christ will gather his helpless people from the nations to rule over them in the New Jerusalem/New Earth.

(Mic 4:8) The return of the king is realized in Christ as the Davidic dominion is restored through him.

(Mic 4:11-13) Many nations will gather to attack God’s people but God’s purpose is to gather them for judgment.

(Mic 4:11-13) God’s people will participate in the final judgment with Christ. The wealth of the nations will be for the LORD’s glory.

(Mic 5:2-5) Christ came from Bethlehem to be ruler. Christ ends the exile and restores his people. He shepherds them and is their peace.

(Mic 5:5-9) Christ’s people will be victorious and participate in the final judgment over the rebellious nations. c.f. Rev 2:27.

(Mic 5:10-14) Christ purifies his people by removing their trust in human resources and removing all forms of idolatry. This is regeneration

(Mic 6:8) Christ was perfect in acting justly, loving mercy and walking humbly with his God.

(Mic 7:6) This was true for Christ and is also true of his followers as Christ causes a division amongst men c.f. Mat 10:35-36.

(Mic 7:12) Speaks of people from anti-God nations typified by Egypt/Assyria coming to Christ. Gentiles from all nations. Now & in new earth.

(Mic 7:14-15) Christ portrayed as Shepherd and performer of signs and wonders. Refers to both first and second coming and present.

(Mic 7:16-17) Judgment on the nations at the second coming of Christ.

(Mic 7:18-20) A God who pardons iniquity, passes over transgression, does not retain his anger, delights in steadfast love and is faithful.

(Mic 7:19) A God who has compassion for his people, treads our iniquities under foot and casts all our sins into the depths of the sea.

(Nah 1:2-3) The LORD is jealous, avenging, wrathful, slow to anger but will not clear the guilty. The other side to Exo 34:6-7.

(Nah 1:3-6) The LORD walks over the seas in the storm causing the world to experience upheavals. So Christ shall do. Also walked on waters.

(Nah 1:7) The LORD/Christ is good and a stronghold. He knows those who take refuge in him. Election.

(Nah 1:8) Metaphors of judgment – an overflowing flood and pursuit into the darkness. Christ also used the metaphor of darkness for judgment

(Nah 1:15) On mountains feet of those who bring good news and peace, that is, the gospel messengers. c.f. Rom 10:15.

(Nahum) The destruction of Ninevah, the capital of Assyria, in the 6th century foreshadows the final judgment on all nations.

(Hab 1:5) The saving actions of God, like those of judgment, are works of wonders that cause people to be astounded i.e. a crucified Christ.

(Hab 1:12) The LORD ordains the evil actions of nations for his own ends.

(Hab 2:4) In both the Old Testament and the New Testament the righteous shall live by faith in God/Christ.

(Hab 3:2) Salvation occurs because in the midst of wrath the LORD remembers mercy.

(Hab 3) The fall of Babylon B.C. using OT poetic language can also be applied to the fall of Babylon (the world) as described in Revelation.

(Hab 3:17-18) Though the present world is in chaos and judgment still Christ’s people can take joy in Christ, the God of their salvation.

(Hab 3:19) Metaphor – Salvation described as God causing one’s feet to be like a deer’s enabling one to tread upon the mountains.

(Zep 1:2-3,18) The judgments against Judah and the nations foreshadow and point to the final judgment against all nations.

(Zep 2:3) Salvation on the ultimate day of judgment is described as being hidden on the day of God’s anger, that is, being in Christ.

(Zep 2:7,9) In the new earth God’s people will possess all the lands, that is, all the earth.

(Zep 2:11) In the new earth the nations on every shore shall worship the LORD. Expressed now as nations worship Christ in every tribe,tongue

(Zep 3) Again the judgment described points to the End.

(Zep 3:13-20) God’s saving a remnant of people to belong to him. He will remove their sin and give them peace. In Christ and in new earth.

(Zep 3:13) Remnant shall speak no lies nor deceit be found in their mouths c.f. The remnant i.e. Israel-according-to-the-Spirit in Rev 14:5.

(Zep 3:19) Reference to the saving of the lame and gathering of the outcast points to Jesus’ signs as a guarantee of future restoration.

(Zep 3:20) The gathering and ‘bringing in’ of God’s people and subsequent restoration is ultimately fulfilled in the rapture and new earth.

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