Archive for May, 2010

(Exo 1:8,13-14) God raises up Pharaoh to display his glory c.f. Exo 9:16;Rom 9:17. Bitter slavery ordained by God to wean Israel from Egypt.

(Exo 2:5-6,10) God works providentially in salvation e.g. by moving Pharaoh’s daughter to compassion and causing her to raise the deliverer.

(Exo 2:14) c.f. Acts 7:29 Israel’s rejection of their deliverer Moses foreshadows their rejection of their deliverer Jesus.

(Exo 2:23-25) Salvation proceeds from a cry for help, a groan that is heard by God. God hears, remembers, sees & knows. Basis for salvation.

(Exo 3:2-6) The angel of the LORD appeared in fire in bush. God calls to him from within bush. Jesus! http://tiny.cc/ag_angel

(Exo 3:7-10) God has seen affliction, heard cry, knows sufferings, come down to deliver, sends his servant. Jesus both comes down & is sent.

(Exo 3:12) The sign of a saved people is a worshiping people who know God i.e. they know his name.

(Exo 3:19-21) Salvation is the work of God’s powerful hand, his wonders and his granting his people favor in the sight of their enemies.

(Exo 4:8,9,17,28) Moses performs powerful acts by God’s power that are called signs. Jesus does likewise especially in John’s gospel.

(Exo 4:12,15,16,30) Moses is to be God’s mouth. God will put words in Moses’ mouth. Jesus is God’s mouth. Jesus speaks God’s words Joh 12:49

(Exo 4:31) Salvation begins with an act of divine visitation that results in worship.

(Exo 5:3) The contest with Pharaoh is over the issue of service and worship which is the goal of salvation.

(Exo 6:5-8) God has heard & remembered. He will bring out, deliver, redeem with outstretched arm and with great acts of judgment.

(Exo 6:5-8) He will take as his people, be their God,cause them to know him, bring into land and give it to them. Sames acts of grace in NT.

(Exo 7:3; 8:15; 8:32; 9:12; 9:34; 10:1; 10:20; 10:27; 11:10; 14:8) God hardens whom he wills c.f. Rom 9:16-18.

(Exo 7:14-25) Water into blood c.f. Rev 11:6; 16:4.

(Exo 8:1-15) Frogs c.f. Rev 16:13.

(Exo 8:16-19) The gnats restrain the evil magicians & are identified as the finger of God. Jesus driving out of demons is by finger of God.

(Exo 8:20-32) Flies but an act of separation is made between Egypt and Goshen c.f. Rev 9:4.

(Exo 9:1-7) Plague on livestock. Again a separation is made between Egypt and the people of God.

(Exo 9:8-12) Boils c.f. Rev 16:2,11.

(Exo 9:13-35) Hail c.f. Rev 8:7; 16:21.

(Exo 9:16) Pharaoh raised up to show objects of God’s mercy his power and glory. c.f. Rom 9:17,22-23.

(Exo 9:20-21) Salvation comes from fearing the word of the LORD and paying attention to it.

(Exo 10:1-20) Locusts. c.f. Rev 8:7; 9:3.

(Exo 10:21-29) Darkness is a sign of God’s judgement on Egypt, Jesus, Israel and the world. c.f. Rev 6:12; 8:12; Mat 27:45; Luk 23:44.

(Exo 11:7) The plague on the firstborn is an act of both creation and salvation as an act of separation of Israel from Egypt.

(Exo 12-13) Jesus is our Passover lamb. His blood is the sign that causes the wrath of God to pass over us.

(Exo 13:21-22;14:19) God is present with his people i.e. angel (messenger) of God & pillar of cloud/fire. Jesus. http://tiny.cc/ag_angel

(Exo 14:1-31;14:1) Israel standing victorious by the Red Sea singing the song of Moses c.f. God’s people in Rev 15:2-3 Song of Moses & Lamb.

(Exo 15) Salvation themes in the Song of Moses – praise, strength, victory, holiness, covenant love, redemption, temple, kingship.

(Exo 15:26) God is identified as "the LORD your healer from diseases". Jesus likewise comes as the healer.

(Exo 16:3) In the wilderness God’s son, Israel, is hungry and grumbles against the LORD. In the wilderness God’s son, Jesus, trusts & obeys.

(Exo 16:4) God sends manna, bread from heaven to sustain his people. Jesus is the true bread that comes down from heaven. c.f. Joh 6:31-32.

(Exo 17:6) God brings living water from the rock. c.f. 1Co 10:4 they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them & the Rock was Christ.

(Exo 17:14-16) The eternal destruction of Amalek prefigures the destruction of all nations opposed to Christ.

(Exo 19:5-6) God’s people saved to be a treasured possession, a kingdom of priests, a holy nation. Single plan includes Church c.f 1Pe 2:5,9

(Exo 19:9) God comes down in a cloud to speak to Moses to confirm the people’s faith. Same occurs with Jesus at Mount of Transfiguration.

(Exo 19:16-19) Israel at Sinai foreshadows our coming before God and Jesus on the heavenly Mount Zion c.f. Heb 12:18-24.

(Exo 20:1-17) Jesus shows the true direction and the maximum application of the ten commandments in the sermon on the mount.

(Exo 21:1-23:9) Laws of justice point to Jesus as the Law-giver, that is, Jesus is the one who will implement justice and righteousness.

(Exo 21:29-30) The law of redemption for the life of an ox owner whose life is forfeited prefigures Christ’s redemptive accomplishment.

(Exo 22:20) The judgment of being devoted to destruction foreshadows the lake of fire.

(Exo 22:21-27) God has compassion of the poor, fatherless, widows, aliens. Jesus demonstrates the same in his saving acts in NT.

(Exo 23:12) God desires to give rest to his people and all creation. Ultimate Sabbath rest comes through Jesus in the new creation.

(Exo 23:20-23) The angel of the LORD in whom is God’s name will guard Israel and give her the land. Angel’s voice is to be obeyed. Jesus.

(Exo 23:25-26) God’s purpose for his people is to take away sickness, remove death & give them long life. Foreshadows Jesus & new creation.

(Exo 24:3) Moses goes to the people and tells them God’s words. Jesus does the same but more fully.

(Exo 24:8) The phrase "blood of the covenant made with you" is used by Jesus of the new covenant in his blood.

(Exo 24:9-11) Moses, Aaron & elders of Israel see God’s glory and eat & drink in his presence. c.f. Lord’s Table and the messianic feast.

(Exo 25:8) God purposes for a sanctuary to be in Israel’s midst that he might dwell among them.Jesus as God’s temple dwelt among his people.

(Exo 25:9) The tabernacle is a copy of the heavenly temple c.f. Heb 8:5 and descriptions of the heavenly temple in the book of Revelation.

(Exo 25:10-22) The ark of the covenant is a copy of God’s throne – guardian cherubim & place God meets Israel and issues commands.

(Exo 25:23-30) Twelve loaves of Bread of Presence on Table in Holy Place represents God’s people enjoying God’s provision in his presence.

(Exo 25:31-40) The Lampstand also represents God’s people in God’s presence like in Revelation 1-3. Also recalls the Tree of Life in Eden.

(Exo 26:1,31) Guardian Cherubim woven into curtains to highlight God’s unapproachableness. c.f. Rev 4:6-8. Also recalls Eden.

(Exo 26:33) The curtain’s presence indicates in the old age the way into God’s presence had not yet been opened by Jesus & cross. Heb 9:3-9.

(Exo 27:1-8) The Altar of Burnt Offering foreshadows the Cross as the place of sacrifice for sin.

(Exo 28:2,5) Clothing for the priests is designed for glory and beauty out of same materials as tabernacle.

(Exo 28:2.5) Foreshadows the way in which Christians are both priests & temple. Also how New Jerusalem reflecting the glory & beauty of God.

(Exo 28:9-12) Two onyx stones on shoulders of priest with Israel’s name. Jesus bears his people on his shoulders before God’s throne.

(Exo 28:16-21) Twelve precious stones with tribes names over heart of high priest. Jesus bears his people. Same stones as New Jerusalem.

(Exo 28:36-38) Crown of gold with words Holy to LORD on forehead. God’s people royal priests, crowned & God’s name on forehead Rev 14:1;22:4

(Exo 29:1-12) Priests are made by washing with water (baptism), being clothed (with Christ), anointed (with the Spirit) & sacrifice (Cross).

(Exo 29:3)) Morning and evening sacrifices point to the need of a better more permanent sacrifice by Christ. c.f. Heb 10:1.

(Exo 29:42-46) repeated emphasis on God’s people being God’s people because of his dwelling with them. In NT Holy Spirit is God’s presence.

(Exo 30:1-10) Altar of Incense represents the prayers of God’s people in his presence being made day and night. c.f. Rev 6:9-11.

(Exo 30:17-21) Priests wash in the Basin. An OT shadow of baptism.

(Exo 30:22-33) Anointing oil makes temple and priests holy. Anointing by the Spirit makes God’s people (temple and priests) holy.

(Exo 31:2-3, 35:34) The tabernacle is made by a man filled with the Spirit and inspired to teach others to join in the work. Shadows Jesus!

(Exo 31:12-18) Sabbath rest is the goal of tabernacle construction. Jesus is God’s temple who brings rest. c.f. Mat 11:28.

(Exo 32:12,14) Moses intercedes an diverts God’s wrath after the Golden Calf incident. A shadow of Christ’s intercession for his people.

(Exo 33:16) God’s people are separated and distinct from the nations by virtue of God’s journeying with them.

(Exo 33:19) I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious & will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. Doctrine of election &predestination.

(Exo 34:6-7) LORD, merciful & gracious, slow to anger, abounding in steadfast love & faithfulness, forgiving iniquity, transgression & sin.

(Exo 34:29) Moses shone with the glory of Old Covenant. Jesus has a greater glory than the fading glory of Old Covenant.

(Exo 40:16 ,19, 23, 25 ,27, 29, 32 ,33) Moses was faithful in God’s house as a servant. Jesus is faithful as a son. c.f. Heb 3:5-6.

(Exo 40:34-38) God’s glory fills the tabernacle as he comes to dwell with his people. Foreshadows both Jesus and the Church.


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(Gen 1:1-2,4,6,9,11) Both Creation and New Creation are made by Spirit, Word and the activities of separating, gathering & fruitfulness.

(Gen 1:3-4,14-18) Light overcomes the darkness. God-created light to rule both the day and the night. C.f. Joh 1:4-5,9.

(Gen 1:26-28) Ultimately Jesus is the man in the image of God who rules the whole earth as God’s representative. C.f. Col 1:15-16.

(Gen 2:3) God blesses the Sabbath and makes it holy. Sabbath is the goal of both creation & new creation. C.f. Heb 4:9.

(Gen 2:8,15) Man is brought from outside the garden into God’s presence in Eden by grace alone as in the Kingdom of God.

(Gen 2:9) Man not immortal rather life is an ongoing gift of grace from God i.e. access to tree of life. In NT Jesus is the bread of life.

(Gen 2:10-14) A river of life went out from Eden. In NT Jesus is living water and the Spirit is a spring of water leaping into eternal life.

(Gen 2:18,21-25) Leaving, cleaving, one flesh between a man and woman reflects God’s covenant unity with his people.

(Gen 3:6) Adam & Eve in the garden fall for what is good for food and pleasing to the eye. Contrast with Jesus in the wilderness.

(Gen 3:8,10) The ideal is walking with God in the garden. Adam & Eve hide from the LORD as do all men in Rev 6:15-17. End is like beginning.

(Gen 3:13) Satan is the deceiver in Eden c.f. Rev 12:1 "that ancient serpent, the deceiver of the whole world".

(Gen 3:15) The woman’s seed will bruise the serpent’s head and the serpent’s seed will bruise his heal. c.f. Rom 16:20.

(Gen 3:16-19) The curse on creation. c.f. Rom 8:20-21; Rev 21:4;22:3 No more death, mourning, crying, pain, curse, old order to pass away.

(Gen 3:21,7) Man’s fig leaf clothing inadequate. God clothes them. Our clothing as nakedness until we put on Christ.

(Gen 3:24) God drive man from the garden, cherubim with a flaming, whirling sword to guard way to the tree of life. Reversed in Rev 21-22.

(Gen 4:3-5) By faith Abel, along with us, offered God acceptable worship and is accepted by him.

(Gen 4:7) Sin crouches like a wild animal desiring to devour us. C.f. 1Pe 5:8.

(Gen 4:10) Abel’s blood cries out to God for judgment. Jesus’ blood speaks a better word, that is, of grace. C.f. Heb 12:24.

(Gen 4:16) Cain was cast out from the LORD’s presence c.f. Rev 22:15.

(Gen 4:24) Cain’s descendant Lamech calls for vengeance 77 times if he is wounded. Jesus says forgive 77 times.

(Gen 5) The line of the seed of Adam and Eve that will lead to the Christ.

(Gen 5:24) Enoch walked with God, and he was not, for God took him. A shadow of Christ.

(Gen 5:29) Noah will bring relief from the curse. Noah is a shadow of Christ. The Christ will bring relief from the curse even more so.

(Gen 6:5) Total Depravity. LORD saw wickedness of man was great & every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

(Gen 6:8-9) In midst of judgment one man receives grace – Noah, righteous, blameless & walking with God. Shadow of Christ.

(Gen 6:14-16,22) Instructions for building ark are similar to building the tabernacle. God provides means of salvation in midst of judgment.

(Gen 7:18-20) Waters portrayed in military language as if rebelling against Creator. Jesus rebukes and subdues waters.

(Gen 8:1) God remembered Noah. Remembering is prelude to God performing a salvation act.

(Gen 8:11) Does the Spirit’s descent on Jesus as a dove recall the new creation evidenced by the olive leaf in this dove’s mouth?

(Gen 8) Noah is a New Adam in a New Creation. A shadow of Christ. Adam & Noah are representative men as is Christ.

(Gen 8:20-21) A sacrifice of a burnt offering removes God’s wrath after the flood. Shadows the work of Christ.

(Gen 9:25-27) Japheth’s descendants to live in Shem’s tents i.e. Gentiles to share in Israel’s blessing.

(Gen 10) Japheth’s descendants will be recipients of the gospel c.f. Isaiah & Acts. Ham’s descendants are Egypt, Assyria, Babylon & Canaan.

(Gen 11:1-9) The rise of Cosmic Babylon. Cosmic Babylon falls in Revelation 17-18.

(Gen 11:10-32) The line of the seed continues to Abram.

(Gen 12:1) Once again God uses the act of separation, this time to begin his creation of a new people.

(Gen 12:2-3) A numerous people and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed. Prediction of Christ and his people.

(Gen 13:14-16) Promise of land forever & children like sand and stars. Abraham understood this to mean whole earth c.f. Rom 4:13; Gal 3:29.

(Gen 14) Abraham saves the Gentile nations and meets Melchizedek the priest-king of peace and righteousness. Both men shadow Christ.

(Gen 15:6) Abraham believed the word of the LORD and it was counted to him as righteousness. Same for NT believers in Christ.

(Gen 16:11,13) God both hears and sees Hagar in her affliction. God’s hearing and seeing is crucial to salvation.

(Gen 17:1,3) God’s people in NT are called like Abraham to walk before God, be blameless and fall prostrate before him.

(Gen 17:4-6,16) Abraham to become a father of a multitude of nations i.e. of believing Gentiles. C.f. Rom 4:11-12,16-18.

(Gen 17:8) And I will give to you and to your seed all the land of Canaan for an everlasting possession. New earth c.f. Rom 4:13.

(Gen 17:10-14) Covenant of circumcision. c.f. Col 2:11 In him you were circumcised by circumcision of Christ Php 3:3 We are the circumcised.

(Gen 18) Abraham’s faith in God’s promise of life from the dead womb of Sarah evidences his faith in God who raises dead. c.f. Rom 4:17-21.

(Gen 18:22-33) Abraham in the role of making intercession. A shadow of Christ.

(Gen 19:24-25,28,29) Sodom & Gomorrah’s destruction by fire is a shadow of eternal judgment. c.f. 2Pe 2:6-9

(Gen 20:6) God is able to keep men like Abimelech from sinning.

(Gen 20:7,17) Abraham, as a prophet, intercedes for Abimelech making him. a shadow of the Christ.

(Gen 21:1) LORD visited Sarah & did for Sarah as he promised. Salvation actions. c.f. Luk 1:68;7:16. In Jesus God visits his people to save.

(Gen 21:9-10,12) The slave woman’s son is cast out and not an heir. Illustrates both election & persecution of God’s people c.f. Gal 4:22-31

(Gen 22:1,5,8,13,14) At Moriah God provides a lamb who dies in place of Israel. The lamb is a shadow of Christ.

(Gen 22:1,5,8,13,14) Abraham believed God would raise Isaac. In other words he believed in the God who raises the dead. c.f. Heb 11:19

(Gen 22:17-18) The gospel will mean God’s people triumph over their enemies, inherit the whole earth and come from all nations.

(Gen 23:17) Strange that possession of the land begins with a burial site and a cave tomb.

(Gen 25:23) Two nations are in Rebekah’s womb will be separated. Evidence of election & predestination c.f. Rom 9:10-13.

(Gen 25:34) Esau despised his birth right. c.f. Phi 3:18-19; Heb 12:16-17 ‘enemies of the cross, god is their belly, glory is their shame.

(Gen 28:12-14) Stairway to heaven, angels ascending & descending! Jacob, intermediary between earth & heaven. Points to Jesus c.f. Joh 1:51

(Gen 29:31-32,33; 30:6,17,22) The LORD saw & heard Leah in her affliction. The LORD remembered Rachel & listened to her. Salvation actions.

(Gen 31:42) God saw Jacob’s affliction at the hands of Laban. God’s seeing the affliction of his people motivates him to save.

(Gen 37:5-11) Joseph is a prophet receiving revelation. Godìs chosen ruler and deliverer for Israel but is rejected. Like Jesus c.f. Acts 7.

(Gen 38:1-30) The line of Judah’s seed is almost wiped out but is saved through the inclusion of Tamar the Canaanite. c.f. Mat 1:3.

(Gen 39-40) Providence, God’s ordering of all things for his glory, sets up salvation e.g. Joseph in Egypt, captain of guard, pit, cupbearer

(Gen 41:14,42-43) Joseph is raised from the pit, glorified &made ruler over Egypt. Shadow of Christ raised from death, glorified, made ruler

(Gen 44:18,33) Judah begins to emerge as leader&offers himself as substitute for Benjamin. Jesus of Judah will substitute himself for others

(Gen 45:4-8) The actions of brothers were subservient to God’s purpose to save lives. Not brothers but God who sent Joseph to Egypt.

(Gen 45:4-8) Judas, Herod & Pilate did what God’s hand & plan had predestined to take place to save lives. c.f. Acts 4:26-28.

(Gen 47:29-30; 49:29; 50:12-13) Jacob desires to be buried in Canaan because he lives in Egypt as a stranger and alien. c.f. 1Pe 1:1,17;2:11

(Gen 48:15-16) Jacob refers to God as "the angel who has redeemed me from all evil" and who can bless his sons. Jesus ? c.f Jude 1:5.

(Gen 48:15-16) Jacob identifies God as one who shepherds & redeems. Shepherd and Redeemer are basic salvation categories fulfilled by Jesus.

(Gen 48:21) God will be with Israel to bring them out of Egypt. It is God coming to be present with his people that brings salvation.

(Gen 49:8) Judah, that is, Jesus, will receive praise, defeat enemies and God’s people will bow to him.

(Gen 49:9) Jesus is the lion of Judah. c.f Rev 5:5.

(Gen 49:10) Scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor ruler’s staff from between his feet, until tribute & obedience of all nations are his.

(Gen 49:11) King shall bind his colt to his choice vine & wash his garments in wine of grapes. i.e the king brings peace, joy, abundant life

(Gen 49:12) His eyes are darker than wine, and his teeth whiter than milk. Poetic imagery of the strength and power of the future king.

(Gen 50:20) "You meant evil but God meant it for good, to save lives" c.f. the suffering of Jesus at hands of evil men. c.f. Acts 4:26-28.

(Gen 50:24-25) "God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here." Salvation in terms of God’s visitation and presence.

(Gen 50:26) Joseph died & was placed in a coffin in Egypt. c.f. Heb 11:13-14,16,22. Person of faith is an alien and stranger in the world.

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Christ doth not work upon a person, unless he be given to him by the Father.

To cleanse the heart is beyond the power of the creature; it can no more make itself holy, than make itself to be.

The sanctification of the Spirit is as necessary as the blood of Jesus.

source: Thomas Manton, ‘The Epistle Of Jude’ v.1

It would seem to impeach the justice and mercy of God, if he should exact the punishment where he hath pardoned the offence … There may be indeed effects of his fatherly anger, but not of his vindictive wrath.

source: Thomas Manton, ‘Christ’s Redemption And Eternal Existence’

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"Christ will not refuse to save the greatest sinners, who in a right manner come to God for mercy; for this is his work.  It is his business to be a Savior of sinners; it is the work upon which he came into the world; and therefore he will not object to it.  He did not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance (Matt 9.13).  Sin is the very evil which he came into the world to remedy: therefore he will not object to any man, that [though] he is very sinful.  The more sinful he is, the more need of Christ."

"Christ doth not pity sinners because they are worthy, but because they need his pity."

Source: A sermon by Jonathan Edwards titled “Pardon for the Greatest Sinners” based on Psalm 25.11.

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“A man cannot be thoroughly humbled till he realizes that his salvation is utterly beyond his own powers, counsels, efforts, will and works, and depends absolutely on the will, counsel, pleasure and work of Another – God alone.  As long as he is persuaded that he can make even the smallest contribution to his salvation, he remains self-confident and does not utterly despair of himself, and so is not humbled before God; but plans out for himself (or at least hopes and longs for) a position, an occasion, a work, which shall bring him final salvation.  But he who is out of doubt that his destiny depends entirely on the will of God despairs of himself entirely, chooses nothing for himself, but waits for God to work in him; and such a man is very near to grace for his salvation.”

Source: Martin Luther, The Bondage of the Will

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Let us draw near

Let us draw near with confidence

Let us draw near with confidence to the throne

Let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace

Let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace to receive mercy

Let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace to receive mercy and find grace

Let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace to receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need

Hebrews 4:16

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Genesis 48:15-16

Jacob said,
The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,
the God shepherded me all my life long to this day,
the angel who has redeemed me from all evil
bless (singular) Ephraim and Manasseh.

A triple reference to God, in which the Angel who is placed on an equality with God. He cannot possibly be a created angel. He must be the “Angel of God”­ i.e. God manifested in the form of the Angel of Jehovah, or the “Angel of His face”­ (Isa 63:9).

This passage contains a foreshadowing of the Trinity, though only God and the Angel are distinguished, not three persons of the divine nature.

The God before whom Abraham and Isaac walked, had proved Himself to Jacob to be “the God which fed­” and “the Angel which redeemed”,­ i.e. according to the more fully developed revelation of the New Testament, Shepherd and Redeemer.

By the singular bless the triple mention of God is resolved into the unity of the divine nature.

(source: Keil & Delitzsch on Genesis 48:15-16)

[The Angel of his face] was the mediator of the preparatory work of God in both word and deed under the Old Testament, and the manifestation of that redeeming might and grace which realized in Israel the covenant promises given to Abraham (Gen 15).

(source: Keil & Delitzsch on Isaiah 63:9)

[The angel of the LORD] assures Hagar, as if speaking in the character of an ambassador from God, that "the Lord had heard her affliction" (Gen. 16.11). Yet he promises her, "I will multiply thy seed exceedingly," and she in return "called the Name of the Lord that spake unto her, Thou, God, seest me." He arrests Abraham’s arm when the patriarch is on the point of carrying out God’s bidding by offering Isaac as a sacrifice (Gen. 22.11, 12); yet he associates himself with Him from whom "Abraham had not withheld his son, his only son." He accepts for himself Abraham’s obedience as rendered to God, and he subsequently at a second appearance adds the promise, ""In thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed ; because thou hast obeyed My voice." He appears to Jacob in a dream; he announces himself as "the God of Bethel, where thou anointedst the pillar, and where thou vowedst a vow unto Me" (Gen. 31.11,13). Thus he was "the Lord" who in Jacob’s vision at Bethel had stood above the ladder and said, "I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac." He was, as it seems, the chief of that angel-host whom Jacob met at Mahanaim (Gen. 32. 1); with him Jacob wrestled for a blessing at Peniel; of him Jacob says, "I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved." When blessing the sons of Joseph, the dying patriarch invokes not only "the God which fed me all my life long unto this day," but also "the Angel which redeemed me from all evil."

(source: http://www.gospelpedlar.com/articles/Christ/liddon4.html)

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