Archive for April 16th, 2010

A Christian sermon connects with the bigger redemptive-historical narrative of God’s actions in saving sinners and in strengthening sinners.

It also relates to Christian discipline – discipline that is dependent on the Holy Spirit, discipline that is not earning your salvation, discipline that is the fruit and not the root of your acceptance with God. And all of that takes you to the cross.

Source: Modified from comments made by John Piper


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(Exo 1:7) The people of Israel were fruitful and multiplied so that the land was filled with them. c.f. Same words as in Gen 1:28.

(Exo 1:10-14) Like the snake in Gen 3:1 the Egyptians deal shrewdly with God’s people. Bitter oppression make Israel multiply & be dreaded.

(Exo 1:22) Pharaoh commanded, "Every son that is born to the Hebrews you shall cast into the Nile." Later God will drown the Egyptians.

(Exo 2:3,9-10) A boat to float among the reeds of the Nile. Daubed with bitumen & pitch like Noah’s ark. God saves using Pharaoh’s daughter.

(Exo 2:23-26) Israel groaned,cried out for help. God heard their groaning, remembered his covenant , saw the people of Israel and God knew.

(Exo 3:20) God will stretch out his hand and strike Egypt with all the wonders after that Pharaoh will let Israel go.

(Exo 4:3-7) Two signs where clean things made unclean and then made clean again. Stick and snake, Hand and skin disease.

(Exo 4:17,20) Emphasis on the staff of God in Moses’ hand as the means through which God will demonstrate signs and wonders.

(Exo 4:21-23) The LORD will harden Pharaoh’s heart. Israel is God’s firstborn son so God will kill Pharaoh’s firstborn son.

(Exo 4:23) The purpose of the Exodus is so that Israel as God’s firstborn son might serve God i.e. worship him. Salvation’s goal is worship.

(Exo 5:1,3,8,17) The conflict is centered on Pharaoh letting Israel go so that they might worship the LORD.

(Exo 5:2) Pharaoh says he will not let Israel go or obey God’s voice.He claims not to know the LORD but he is about to be taught of the LORD

(Exo 6:6) LORD will bring you out from Egypt, will deliver from slavery and will redeem with outstretched arm and great acts of judgment.

(Exo 6:7) I will take you to be my people and I will be your God. You will know the LORD who brings you out from under burdens of Egyptians.

(Exo 6:9) Moses spoke thus to the people of Israel, but they did not listen to Moses, because of their broken spirit and harsh slavery.

(Exo 7:3-5) I will harden Pharaoh’s heart and multiply my signs and wonders in Egypt. Egypt shall know the LORD by his stretched out hand.

(Exo 7:12) Aaron’s serpent-staff swallows up those of Egypt’s magicians. Pharaoh’s heart was hardened and he would not isten.

(Exo 7:16,19) Let Israel go and serve/worship. Aaron to stretch out his hand and strike the waters with the staff turning water into blood.

(Exo 8:5) A second time Aaron stretches out his hand over the waters bringing up frogs. Again the magicians do the same.

(Exo 8:8,15) Pharaoh agrees for Israel to go and sacrifice (worship) but then hardens his heart and will not listen.

(Exo 8:16-19) Stretch out staff and strike the dust, gnats, magicians could not produce, this is finger of God, hard heart, not listen.

(Exo 8:22) I will set apart Goshen, where my people dwell. No swarms of flies there so you may know that I am the LORD in the midst of earth

(Exo 9:1-7) Hand of the LORD will fall on livestock but the LORD will make a distinction between livestock of Israel and Egypt.

(Exo 9:11) The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils for the boils came upon the magicians and upon all the Egyptians.

(Exo 9:15-16) For this purpose I have raised you up, to show you my power, so that my name may be proclaimed in all the earth.

(Exo 9:20) Whoever feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh hurried his slaves and his livestock into the houses.

(Ex 9:22-26) Stretch out hand toward heaven, LORD sent thunder, hail and fire to destroy animals and crops but not in Goshen.

(Exo 10:1-3) God hardens Pharaoh in order to multiply his signs so that Israel might know the LORD. Pharaoh refuses to humble himself.

(Exo 10:12-13) Moses stretches out his hand and the staff over the land causing an eastern wind to bring locusts i.e. death & ruin to Egypt.

(Exo 10:21-23) Moses stretches out his hand toward heaven bringing darkness over Egypt except in Goshen.

(Exo 11:1-9) At midnight the LORD will pass through the midst of Egypt bringing death to the firstborn causing a great cry to go up.

(Exo 12:7-8) Take some of the blood, put it on the two doorposts and the lintel. Eat meat roasted with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

(Exo 12:11) You shall eat it with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste.

(Exo 12:12) I will pass through the land of Egypt and strike all the firstborn and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments.

(Exo 12:13) The blood shall be a sign for you. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you.

(Exo 12:27) And the people bowed their heads and worshiped.

(Exo 12:31) Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron by night and said, "Up, go out from among my people and go, serve the LORD, as you have said."

(Exo 12:34) So the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading bowls being bound up in their cloaks on their shoulders.

(Exo 12:36) The LORD gave Israel favor in the sight of Egyptians, so they let them have what they asked. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.

(Exo 12:40-42) A night of watching. At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

(Exo 13:19-22) Moses took up the bones of Joseph so as to bury them in Canaan. God leads in a pillar of cloud and fire by day and by night.

(Exo 14:11) At Red Sea Israel says, Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have brought us out to die in the wilderness?

(Exo 14:16) Lift up your staff, stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it so that Israel may go through the sea on dry ground.

(Exo 14:19-20) Angel of God and pillar of cloud & fire came bet. host of Egypt & host of Israel, bringing light to one & darkness to other.

(Exo 14:30-31) The LORD saved Israel that day from the hand of Egyptians. Israel saw the great power of the LORD and so feared the LORD.

(Exo 15:1,21) I will sing to the LORD, for he has triumphed gloriously; horse & rider thrown into sea. LORD is my strength, song, salvation.

(Exo 15:17) O LORD, you will bring them in and plant them on your own mountain, the place of your sanctuary. Faith in future grace.

(Exo 15:23-26) Bitter waters made sweet by throwing a log into them. There the LORD made for them a statute and an instruction for them.

(Exo 16:4,12-14) The LORD rain down bread from heaven in the morning and quail in the evening.

(Exo 16:4) The LORD said, The people shall gather a day’s portion each day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my torah or not.

(Exo 17:5-8) Moses to strike the rock at Horeb with the staff and water will come out in sight of Israel. Israel tested the LORD at Massah.

(Exo 17:5-16) Moses raises his hand holding the staff over the battle & toward God’s throne. Stretched out hand brings victory over Amalek.

(Exo 18:15-16,20) Moses decided disputes between people. Making known to them God’s statutes, laws and the way they are to walk with God.

(Exo 19:4-6) God bore them on eagle’s wings. If obey my voice & keep covenant then a treasured possession, kingdom of priests, holy nation.

(Exo 19:12) Set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it.’

(Exo 19:16-18) Thunders, lightnings, thick cloud, very loud trumpet blast, smoke, all the people trembled. Whole mountain trembled greatly.

(Exo 20:3-17) No gods, idols or false oaths, remember & keep Sabbath holy, honor parents, no murder, adultery, theft, false witness, covet.

(Exo 20:20) Moses said to people, "Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin."

(Exo 20:23-26) God’s instructions about altars are to prohibit the making of images and sexual activity in the offering of sacrifices.

(Exo 21:2) When you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go out free, for nothing.

(Exo 21:10) A Hebrew husband must always provide his wife with food, clothing and martial rights, that is, opportunity to bear children.

(Exo 21:30) If a ransom is imposed on owner of an ox who deserves death then he shall give for the redemption of his life a ransom.

(Exo 22:18-20) Death penalty without any possibility of redemption for idolatry, adultery and murder.

(Exo 22:21-27) God has compassion for aliens, widows, fatherless and the poor and so should the Israelites.

(Exo 23:10-19) Sabbaths, Sabbatical years, Feasts of Unleavened Bread, First Fruits of crops and Ingathering of fruits. Three times a year.

(Exo 23:19) Do not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk. In other words don’t bring life (clean) and death (unclean) together. Be holy.

(Exo 23:20-23) God to send his messenger, ‘my angel’, to guard Israel and lead her to the place God has prepared for them.

(Exo 23:20-23) Pay careful attention, obey his voice; do not rebel, God’s name is in him. Is this Jesus Act 7:37-39, Jude 1:5?

(Exo 24:4-5) Moses built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and set up twelve pillars. Firstborn sons offer sacrifices.

(Exo 24:6-8) Moses reads Book of Covenant, people agree to obey, Moses throws blood on people. ‘This is the blood of the covenant …’

(Exo 24:9-11) Moses,Aaron,70 elders saw the God of Israel, ate & drank. Under his feet there was something like pavement of sapphire stone.

(Exo 24:16-18) The cloud of glory covered Mount Sinai for 6 days. On 7th day Moses entered the cloud. Moses on mountain 40 days & nights.

(Exo 25:8-9) Israel to construct a holy tent so the LORD might dwell in their midst. To be made exactly according to pattern shown to them.

(Exo 25:2; 35:5,21,26) Men and women to bring contributions as they are moved in heart and stirred in spirit.

(Exo 25:3-7) Gifts gold, silver, bronze, blue, purple, scarlet yarn, fine linen, goat hair, animal skins, wood, oil, spices, precious stones

(Exo 25:10-16) Ark of the Covenant containing the law written on stones. Ark is something like a golden throne representing God’s rule.

(Exo 25:17-22) The mercy seat over the ark has two cherubim. Above the cover God will meet with you and give you his commands for Israel.

(Exo 25:23-30) The table on which is the bread of presence. Twelve loaves of bread representing people of God in his presence.

(Exo 25:31-40) The lampstand made like an almond tree according to pattern shown on mountain. Recalls the tree of life in Eden.

(Exo 26:1-30) Tabernacle made of curtains of colored linen & goat hair, coverings of ram skins & sea cows, frames acacia wood. To pattern.

(Exo 26:31-37) Curtains of blue, purple & scarlet yarn and linen with cherubim worked into them separate the holy place from holy of holies.

(Exo 27:1-19) Bronze altar for sacrifices and fence for the surrounding courtyard to separate the holy place from the camp of Israel.

(Exo 27:20-21) Pure beaten olive oil for the lamps. Lights are to be tended from evening to morning before the LORD forever.

(Exo 28:2-5) Holy garments to be made for Aaron for glory and for beauty. A breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a tunic, a turban and a sash

(Exo 28:9-12) Two onyx stones, engraved with names of tribes, borne upon Aaron’s shoulders so when he enters HolyHolies, God remembers them.

(Exo 28:15-30) Breastpiece of 12 stones representing tribes borne over Aaron’s heart when enters God’s presence as a remembering before LORD

(Exo 28:15-30) Breastpiece of 12 stones c.f. Rev 21:19-20,14. Also Urim and Thummim – two stones used for determining the LORD’s will.

(Exo 28:33-35) Blue ephod’s hem has pomegranates and golden bells all around. Sound of bells announces his coming into presence so not die.

(Exo 28:36-38) Golden plate with words ‘Holy to the LORD’ on Aaron’s forehead. c.f. Rev 3:12; 14:1 where all God’s people have his name.

(Exo 29:1-46) Priests’ ordination. Wash in water, put on garments, anointing oil, sacrifices, blood applied to right ear, thumb & toe.

(Exo 29:38-46) Each morning & evening sacrifice a lamb with flour, oil & wine. There God will meet with them and dwell among them.

(Exo 30:1-10) For all generations incense is to be burnt every morning & evening on golden altar in Holy Place when lamps are attended to.

(Exo 30:11-16) When a census is taken every Israelite is to give half a shekel as a ransom to atone for their lives so no plague strikes.

(Exo 30:17-21) Before offering a sacrifice priests must wash their hands & feet in the bronze basin otherwise they will die.

(Exo 30:22-38) God details the ingredients for anointing oil and incense. They are holy so these mixtures may not be copied for common use.

(Exo 31:2-6) Bezalel was called, chosen, filled with the Spirit of God and wisdom. Given understanding, knowledge and skill to do the work.

(Exo 31:12-18) The end goal of tabernacle & God’s presence is realized in Israel’s keeping the Sabbath holy which is a sign of relationship.

(Exo 32:3-4) The people make a contribution of precious metals for the golden calf instead of tabernacle.

(Exo 32:9-14) Israel stiff-necked. God’s wrath burns hot against them to consume . Moses intercedes & God relents based on promises to Abra.

(Exo 32:15-19) Moses breaks the two stone tablets, written on both sides by God, to symbolize broken covenant.

(Exo 32:25-35) Levites kill 3000 Israelites. God visits them with a plague for their sin with the golden calf.

(Exo 33:3,5,14-16) God says he will not travel with Israel lest he consume them. Moses intercedes.God says his presence will accompany them.

(Exo 33:11) The LORD would speak to Moses face to face as a man speaks to his friend.

(Exo 33:18-23) Moses requests to see God’s glory which he will see as he stands in the cleft of the rock but he won’t see God’s face.

(Exo 34:6-7) The LORD is merciful, gracious, slow to anger, abounds in steadfast love & faithfulness, forgives iniquity, rebellion & sin.

(Exo 34:6-7) The LORD will not clear the guilty but visit the iniquity of fathers to third and fourth generations.

(Exo 34:10-28) God repeats the terms of the covenant. Of special note ‘Do not make gods of cast images’ as they had just done.

(Exo 34:29-35) Moses’ face reflects God’s glory causing Israel to fear. Moses wears a veil when he isn’t speaking God’s Word to the people.

(Exo 35:20-36:7) Israel now make a contribution not for calf worship but tabernacle worship. People had to be restrained from giving more.

(Exo 39:42-43) Moses saw all the work the LORD had commanded Israel to do they had done according to instructions & so Moses blessed them.

(Exo 40:16,19,21,23,25,27,29,32) Moses sets up the tabernacle according to all that the LORD commanded him.

(Exo 40:34) Exodus began.Let my people go to worship me! Ends climax! The cloud covered tent and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle

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